Icon and Braille Plus User Guide

Icon Braille+

Copyright 2006-2010

American Printing House for the Blind, Inc.

LevelStar, LLC.


2010/6/28

Introduction

Congratulations. You now possess the most flexible, accessible, and easy-to-use mobile manager available today. It coordinates multimedia collections, reads and edits e-mail and documents, plays and records voice and music, browses the web, reads Digital Talking Books, tracks headlines and podcasts, manages contacts and calendar, takes notes, calculates, blogs, tunes internet radio stations, times events, and much more, all with a device small enough to fit into a purse or pocket. It offers an excellent non-visual way to communicate, learn, inform, entertain, and manage life through built-in speech output and support for refreshable braille displays.

The ergonomic tactile groupings of keys makes it easy to identify controls, stereo speakers maximize sound quality, and the multiple ways of typing means it is ready for nearly any task, whether you are at your desk or on the go.

In the Box

Your package comes with all you need to get started quickly. Please ensure all the following are included in the box:

If any of these items are missing, please contact the manufacturer promptly.

Orientation and Setup

To help with a quick start, this introduction explains the location of controls, jacks, and the battery cover. It describes battery installation, setting the time, and connecting to the internet.

Remove your new device and its battery from the box, and place them on a flat surface in front of you.

There are several rubberized keys on the face. They are shaped and grouped to make them easy to identify and use.

Telephone keypad

Telephone Keypad

The grid of 12 rubber keys at the bottom is a regular telephone keypad. There is a nib on the 5 key to help with orientation.

Use the phone keypad to enter numbers or to type text as you would on a cell phone. (Use * to backspace.)

Ear Piece and Speakers

As with any phone, there is an earpiece at the top in the middle of the case. There are also small round stereo speakers at the top on the left and right sides of the case from which speech and audio emanate.

Ear Piece and Speakers

Insert Battery

Place the unit face down and locate the battery door at the bottom. Orient it so the door is on the edge closest to you, then grasp the edges of the case and use the ribs on the sides of the battery door to gently pull toward you.

Insert the battery by sliding it in the left side first, then push down on the right side. The left side of the battery is indented. The battery fits tightly to prevent accidental loss of the battery in a fall.

The unit vibrates as soon as the battery is inserted. That vibration indicates that the system is starting. It may take several seconds; wait until its sign-on message is announced.

It is only necessary to boot the system once. Turning it on and off in normal use takes only a second or two.

Being careful to align it, take a few seconds while the system continues booting to replace the battery compartment door. Then flip the unit over so the keys face up and the telephone keys are closest to you. This is its normal operating position; use it like this with one hand while using the other hand on the telephone or computer keyboard. Or, hold it in one hand and use the other to press buttons. Alternatively, hold it up to your ear in one hand and control it with the same hand's thumb, keeping the other hand free.

When its time to write notes, e-mail, or documents, put it on a desk or on your lap and use both hands to write in any of these ways:

Supply AC Power

Interface Cable

Locate and remove the interface cable from the box. It is the short cable with a flat connector on one end and a block on the other. The connector features an embossed image that helps orient you to the side that goes up. Locate the connection slot in the middle of the edge of the case closest to you, and gently slide the interface cable connector into this slot until it clicks into place. Do not force the connection as it should easily slide into place. To disconnect the cable, press the small tabs on the left and right edges of the connector toward each other, and hold them like that while you pull the plug out.

Remove the AC Adapter from its box and plug it into a wall socket. Plug the other end of the adapter, the small round end, into the round receptacle on the top side of the plastic block at the other end of the interface cable. If the device is already on, it announces, "Charging."

Notice the USB connections on the opposite side of the plastic block from the AC adapter. One is a host connection into which you may plug keyboards, thumb drives, and other mass storage devices, and the other is a small client connection with which you plug the USB cable to your PC.

Caution: never leave the interface cable connected when transporting the unit. The connection is fragile, and putting stress on the connection may cause damage.

When the operating system finishes loading, a welcome message is announced. That message consists of the name of the device and its version number. After that message, the system operates as if you had just turned it on by presenting the main Applications menu.

Normal operation consists of controlling the main menu with the arrow keys or typing menu numbers with the telephone keypad and selecting a task by pressing Select.

The Rest of the Controls

Mid Region

Mid Region

Above the telephone keypad is a group of three keys. The left and right keys in this group look like corners that bound the diamond shaped key above them. They are OK (left) and Cancel (right), and the smaller key between them is Menu.

Labeled with a red X, the Cancel key stops an action or lets you back out of an activity or close a program. It also turns the device on and off.

To turn off the device, press and hold Cancel. The unit responds with a double vibration and a brief sound before shutting down.

To turn it on, press Cancel. It responds quickly with a short vibration and plays an affirmation sound and is ready to use.

The OK button, identified with a green check mark, confirms menu choices and questions. It means "Yes, I want to do this." You use it to pick a menu option or to follow a link in Web Browser.

The Menu key is between OK and Cancel. It offers options relevant to the task in which you are currently engaged. You use it, for example, to navigate Digital Talking Books or periodicals in Bookshelf or to print, save, or open a document in Word Processor. In e-mail, it lets you send or receive, forward, or create new messages.

Arrows and Select

Arrows and Select

Besides the telephone dialing keys, one of the most prominent features on the face is the large diamond shaped key with a raised dot in the middle. Each point of the diamond is an arrow in the direction it points, and the dotted center button selects items. Use the arrows to move through menu choices and lists, or, in the case of e-mail or word processing, through a document. Use Select to activate a menu item, play a song, or whatever the current task permits.

The Top Five Keys

Top Five Keys

The top five keys work on the device itself instead of within the current task. The horizontal bar at the top center, for instance, summons the Applications Menu no matter what else you are doing.

Program 1 and Program 2

The small round keys at the top left and right are Program 1 and Program 2. Their main purpose is controlling the two wireless radios.

Braille On/Off: Hold Program 1

To turn a connection to a Refreshable braille display on or off, hold Program 1.

BlueTooth Connections: Program 1

To open the Bluetooth Manager, press Program 1.

Connect to Wireless Network: Hold Program 2

To turn the WiFi radio on or off, hold Program 2. If turning it on, the Network Manager connects to an established network. Once connected, turn it off by holding Program 2 again. The Network Manager announces "Wireless Off" to confirm.

Network Connections: Program 2

To work with network connections and set up new ones, press Program 2.

Applications

The long horizontal bar between Program 1 and Program 2 is the Applications key. Labeled Apps, this key is prominent because you use it often. No matter what you're doing, you may press this key to get a menu of all the available applications..

Help

The small rectangular key below the Apps key on the right side is Help. Marked with a question mark, the Help key provides documentation about the current task. Use it while in a program, the word processor, for example, and Help opens the manual at the section describing the word processor.

Learn Keys: Hold Help

To learn the name of each key, hold Help. You may then press any key, including those on a connected braille display, to learn the name of that key.

To exit Key Learn mode, hold Help again.

Status

Located below the Applications key to the left is another small rectangular key called Status. Labeled with "S," it is used within an application to get current details about what is going on, to repeat a phrase, or to spell something. It also summons the Status menu.

Repeat Phrase: Status

To repeat a phrase, press Status once.

Progress: Status Twice

To get progress reports about an activity, press Status twice quickly.

Open Status Menu: Hold Status

To open the Status Menu, hold Status.

Spell Last Phrase: Status, Help

To spell the last phrase spoken, press Status, then press Help.

Quick Controls

Quick Controls

Along the left edge of the case, there are three keys, a long rectangular one, and two small round ones. These keys control volume, speakers, and the quick recorder.

Volume

The long rectangular key on the left edge controls volume. Press the top part of the key to increase volume, and press the bottom part of the key to reduce volume. You may also hold the top or bottom to quickly change the volume.

Since the speech plays such an important part of the interface, the volume key also alters audio and speech volume independently, and adjusts the speech rate.

Other Volume Key Features

You may combine the three keys at the bottom of the telephone keypad, Star, 0, and Pound, to modify the volume key. Hold one of these keys down as if it were a shift key while pressing the volume control.

Audio Volume: 0+Volume

To adjust the audio volume without affecting the speech volume, press 0+Volume. The audio player responds by scaling the audio volume either up or down and playing a tone at the new volume level. When the relative audio volume reaches its normal position, the device vibrates once to inform you that no scaling is applied. Use this vibration as the indicator of optimal volume settings.

Speech Volume: Star+Volume

To adjust speech volume without affecting audio, press Star+Volume. The speech responds by changing the volume and announcing the new volume level.

Speech Rate: Pound+Volume

To adjust the speed of the speech, press Pound+Volume. The rate responds by increasing or decreasing and announcing the new rate.

Earphone Volume

Note that you have independent control of the speaker and earphone volume. Adjusting the volume while using earphones does not affect the speaker volume previously set. In addition, the next time you insert earphones, the device remembers the earphone volume.

Speaker Toggle

The first small round key on the side of the case below the volume control is the speaker toggle key. It switches the audio output between the earpiece and the stereo speakers. Normally, you use the speakers, but if you prefer, you may press the speaker toggle button and use the telephone earpiece when it is more convenient to get your information privately.

Voice Record

The second small round button on the left side of the case makes audio recordings. Hold it down for about a second to start recording. Press cancel to stop recording. To listen to the recordings, use the Voice Recorder tool in the Tools menu.

Braille Keys on Braille+

Braille Keys on Braille+

In addition to the rubberized keys on the face of the unit, the Braille+ contains nine additional plastic keys that flank the rubberized section. The six traditional braille keys are on the left side, and there are three keys on the right: shift, space, and control. These keys are not rubberized, and they are oriented 90 degrees from the normal operating position. To orient Braille+ for braille input, turn the unit 90 degrees clockwise. In the braille operating position, the unit is wider than tall, and the braille keys are farthest from you. The Shift, Space, and Control are along the edge closest to you. Keep in mind while you type in braille that the arrows maintain their original orientation.

Top Edge

Top Edge

The top edge contains three audio jacks and a mini-SD slot.

Microphone and Line-in Jack

The left-most jack on the top edge accepts both stereo microphones and a line-in patch cable.

Mini Secure Digital Flash Card Slot

The mini-SD slot is located at the center of the top edge just right of the microphone jack. The mini-SD card is a quick and effective means of transferring material between your device and PC or from device to device.

Icon and Braille+ do not support high capacity SD cards.

Earphone Jack

The earphone jack is located just to the right of the SD slot on the top edge.

Headset Jack

The rightmost jack on the top edge is a sub-mini headset jack which accepts combination microphone/headphone headsets as used on cell phones.

Bottom Edge

Bottom Edge

The bottom edge contains a slide switch toward the left side and a connector in the middle into which you plug the interface cable.

Lock Keys Slide

The Lock Keys slide switch is located on the left side of the bottom edge. It locks the keyboard so you cannot accidentally press keys while carrying the unit. Sliding this switch to the right locks all keys and announces, "Keypad Locked." Use this lock feature to prevent accidental key presses even when the device is in use. Slide the switch toward the left to unlock the keys. It announces, "Keypad Unlocked," and returns to normal use. Check this slide if it seems like the keys do nothing when you press them.

Connector Slot

The center portion of the bottom edge contains the connector into which you plug the interface cable or docking station.

Reset

Reset

In the rare instance that the device locks up or begins acting erratically, you may need to reset. If it is possible, turn the unit off before resetting.

The Reset button is located left of the battery behind the battery compartment door. To access it, remove the battery compartment door and press and hold the reset button for 5 seconds with a small object such as a stylus or the jack end of an ear bud. The button is recessed in a hole that is located at the top left side of the battery compartment on the wall between the battery and the left side of the case. There is a slight but pronounced click sound from the small button and movement upon successful depression. The device responds with the single vibration to let you know it is restarting.

Set Time and Date

To set the time and date,

  1. Hold Status. The Status menu appears and announces its first item, the current time and date. The date is not correct after the system boots until you set it.
  2. To set the time, press Select. The Status menu shows the Time and Date Settings Form. Its first option is Time Format.
  3. Use left or right arrow to choose between 12 or 24 hour format.
  4. Press Down Arrow to move to the Time Zone setting.
  5. Use left or right arrow to pick the time zone in which you reside or where you are traveling.
  6. Press Down Arrow to move to the Time setting.
  7. Type two digits for the hour and two digits for the minute, and use the pound key to switch from AM to PM.
  8. Press Down Arrow to move to the Date setting.
  9. Type two digits for the month, two digits for the day, and four digits for the year.
  10. To save the clock settings, Press OK. The Status menu returns, and this time, it contains the correct time and date as you just set.

One of the options in the Time and Date Settings form is Retrieve Time from the Internet. Once you set the time zone, you may find this the most convenient way to set the clock. To use it, you need an internet connection.

Connect Wireless

To use the WiFi to connect,

  1. Hold Program 2. This turns on the wireless radio, scans for networks, and lists the access points it finds.
  2. Press up or down arrow to find the connection of interest. Network Manager responds by moving to the next item in the list and says the name, security, and signal strength.
  3. To connect to the indicated network, press Select. Network Manager responds, "Connecting" as it attempts the connection. If the network is secure, Network Manager prompts you for the key. Type the key and press OK. If the attempt succeeds, it announces, "Connected to Network" and remembers the connection details. The next time you turn on wireless or turn on the unit with wireless on, Network Manager automatically reconnects, so you won't have to pick the network from a list again.

To turn off wireless, hold Program 2 again. Network Manager shuts off the wireless radio and says, "Wireless Off." You may elect to turn off wireless when not in use or out of range of any networks. The wireless radio uses about twice the battery power as normal, so turn it off to prolong battery life.

Once you establish a wireless or USB internet connection, you will almost certainly wish to connect to other shared resources on the network and share resources on your device. See Network Settings for information on preparing your device to share files and Share this Folder and Manage Network Folders for more information on these topics.

Program CD

The program CD contains network drivers for the USB connection, the Sync program, and documentation. The Sync program is used to copy contacts and appointments from Outlook. You may also specify folders from which the program should copy music to your device. To install it, insert the program CD and follow the instructions.

Documentation

In addition to the documentation provided on the unit itself, there are versions of the manual on the CD in both HTML and Microsoft Word from which you may wish to print, and there is a quick start audio guide. The CD also contains the files from which you may print or emboss additional copies of the Quick Start in print or Braille.

The manual is intentionally complete enough to provide the key details about programs and features. Please do not find the size and scope intimidating. The documentation could be broken down into more manageable sizes, but it is convenient to include all the material, even if you may not need it all at once. This way, you may search for phrases that may show up in various sections or you may read the entire contents in one setting without having to switch manuals depending on your application. Feel free to safely ignore sections that may not apply to the task at hand.

Key Conventions

This manual uses the plus sign (+) to indicate that two or more keys should be pressed together. If, for example, it states that the command to move to the next word is to hold down control while pressing Right Arrow, it uses Ctrl+Right Arrow to indicate the key sequence. This means that you should press and hold Control. Then, while Control is still depressed, press then release Right Arrow. After that, you may release the Control key.

Commas (,) are used to indicate a series of keystrokes that follow one another. You may get instructions to access the Bookshelf program by pressing 3,1. This means press, then release 3, then press and release 1.

The dash (-) is used to separate a series of dots in a braille cell. The manual may instruct you to press dots 1, 2, and 3 at the same time by the phrase Dots 1-2-3.

Ways to Interact with Keys

Sometimes, you control the device by using the keys in different ways. You may press a key once, twice quickly, or hold it down for a second. To convey those different types of key presses, this documentation calls them press, press twice, and hold respectively.

Command Conventions

One of the things that makes a device like the mobile manager so flexible is the number of ways to accomplish a particular task. The choices you have about how you interact are numerous, especially when you consider adding a refreshable braille display, an external keyboard or the docking station. The technique you employ to give a command depends on which kind of input you use. Take the Backspace key for example. When using ABC mode on the telephone keypad, Star acts as backspace. On a QWERTY keyboard, backspace is Backspace, and on a braille keyboard, it is b-chord.

To reduce redundancy, this documentation uses the QWERTY version of the key. Similarly, when a command includes a modifier key, like Control, the documentation uses the QWERTY version of the command even though there are other ways to perform that task. Ctrl+Right Arrow, for example, moves to the next word in a document. When you know that ABC and Braille use 0 on the telephone keypad as Control, you know that you may hold down 0 while pressing Right Arrow to move. Similarly, the braille keyboard on the docking station and the Braille+ use Dot 5 Chord to produce Ctrl+Right Arrow. Consult the Type Text section of the user's guide for the complete details about how each input technique works.

What is Not in the Manual

While this documentation covers the applications supplied on the mobile manager, it cannot document every aspect of it. For more information about topics like Linux or Python, see www.linux.org or www.python.org.

This manual does not teach the use of braille. While a knowledge of braille makes using the mobile manager much more efficient, the manual assumes a rudimentary knowledge of the subject. There are many excellent sources of braille instruction, and you may wish to perform an internet search for current sources and information.

General Principles

There are some general rules that help make your use of the device more efficient.

Menus and Lists

Much of your interaction with the various programs occurs through menus, lists, and forms. Fortunately, all these controls work in similar ways.

Whenever a program presents a menu of choices from which you select an option, you may move from option to option on the menu by pressing up or down arrow.

To select an option to which you just moved, press Select or Right Arrow. To back out of a menu and return to its parent menu, press Left Arrow.

To move directly to the top or bottom of a menu, hold up or down arrow.

To move directly to a menu item or an item in a list, type the first letter or two of that item's name.

Menu items are numbered. Anytime a menu is associated with a number, you may directly select that menu option by pressing the number of that item using the telephone dial pad.

In addition to menus, many programs offer lists of choices. There are two kinds of lists, single selection and multiple selection. To select an item in a single selection list, use the arrows to move to the desired item, and press Select or OK. To pick options from a multiple selection list, use 0+Select. When you mark an item in a list with the 0+Select, the program makes a sound to let you know the item is marked. You may unmark an item by pressing 0+Select while pointing to an item that is already marked. Once you finish marking multiple items in a list, press OK to confirm.

OK vs Select

Sometimes, it may be difficult to tell when it is appropriate to use Select or when OK is the key to use. Remember that Select is used to bring up more choices. OK is used to confirm your choices.

File Explorer Control

There are many places where the system lets you browse for files on the hard drive or other media such as the SD card or external flash drives connected to the USB port. You see this control while using the web browser or word processor to save a file. The control used to display and manage files is the file explorer control. It is used in the File Explorer program (in the Utilities menu,) in the word processor Save File Form and Print to PDF form, and other places throughout the suite of applications.

To move from file to file with the file explorer control, use up and down arrow.

To mark a file, press 0+Select.

To delete a file, press Star.

The Applications menu is the center of control. Pressing the long horizontal bar on the top of the keypad gets out of anything you are doing and activates the Applications menu. You may then select another application to use or go back to one already open. This makes it possible to get to any task quickly.

Use up and down arrow to explore the choices in the Applications menu.

To activate the selection, press Select.

To see all active tasks, Hold Applications. Task Manager lists the open tasks.

Status Menu

The Status menu informs you about the operation of your device, the date and time, and any upcoming appointments. It also adjusts and controls various aspects of your device, lets you set appointments, and sets the time and date.

Activate the Status Menu: Hold Status

To activate the Status menu, hold the Status key. It is the small rectangular key on the top left below the Program 1 key. When you request status information, the system responds by announcing one of the status messages. Use Up Arrow and Down Arrow to move through the menu of status messages.

Time and Date

The first item in the Status menu is the date and time. When you hold the Status key at 4:30 on April 1, 2007, the Status menu announces 4:30 PM Sunday, April 1, 2007. If the date is incorrect, press the Select key to set the time and date.

Set Time and Date: Select

To set the clock, press Select at the Time and Date item in the Status menu. The Status menu responds by showing the Time and Date form. You provide the information, then press OK to set the items as you request.

Battery Status

The Battery item in the Status menu shows the percent of remaining useful battery life. If the device is plugged into either a PC's USB port or to the included wall AC adapter, this menu item also announces, "charging."

See the Battery Care and Use section of the user's guide for more details about the battery.

Appointments

The appointment status option shows the next appointment in your calendar. If you have no appointments, the menu item may say, "No more appointments for the rest of the day." If, on the other hand, you have an upcoming appointment for the day, this menu option contains information about the next appointment.

Multiple Appointments

The Status menu shows the next appointment for the day. There are times, however, when one day may contain several appointments. To see any additional appointments from the Status menu, press Right Arrow. Status menu responds by moving the next appointment for the day into the Status menu. To move back to the previous appointment, press Left Arrow.

Appointment Information

To open the Calendar and get details about the appointment, press the Select key. The Status menu responds by opening the Calendar application where you may add, delete, and edit appointments.

Wireless Status

The wireless status option in the Status menu shows the state of your wireless connection, the name of the connection, and its signal strength.

Connect Wirelessly

Press Select to open the Network Manager where you control network connections.

Wireless Details

To read details about the wireless connection, open the Status menu, move to the Wireless Connection option, then select Wireless Details from the menu. The status menu responds by showing a form with the details about the current connection. Use up and down arrow to move from item to item in the form. Use left and right arrow to review each item's information character by character. The details include the connection's Access Point, Mac Address, IP Address, Broadcast Address, Netmask, Bytes Received, and Bytes Sent.

Bluetooth

The Bluetooth item in the Status menu shows the status of your Bluetooth connection and lets you turn the Bluetooth radio on and off.

Turn On/Off Bluetooth: Select

To toggle the state of the Bluetooth radio, press Select.

Software Version

The Software Version information in the Status menu shows you the version of software you are currently running. Customer Service or Technical Support personnel may ask for this information while troubleshooting any problem you may have.

To show additional information about the software on your system, press Right Arrow to show the operating system version number, and press Right Arrow again to show the hardware revision number.

Serial Number

The Serial Number item in the Status menu displays the unit's serial number. Each unit possesses its own serial number, and technical support personnel may ask for this number.

Visual Display

The final option in the Status menu shows your status with the visual display server. The visual display server is a means of showing what one does on the mobile manager on the screen of a computer. This is useful for parents or teachers who may wish to observe or assist the mobile manager user.

To use the visual display server, you need:

In addition to the requirements for the person using the PC, the one using the mobile manager needs the following:

Here is how it works:

The computer user who wishes to see the display from the mobile manager configures a GoogleTalk session and adds the mobile manager as a buddy in her buddy list on the IM client. This needs to be done only once.

She then sends the mobile manager a message containing the word "request." She can tell if the mobile manager user is available by checking the online status of that buddy. If the mobile manager is connected to the visual display server (her status information shows as Online to the IM client, and when the mobile manager gets the "request" message, it shows the mobile manager user a form that indicates someone is requesting access to the screen. The mobile manager user can respond by allowing the access by pressing the OK key.

After granting the computer user access, each thing that the mobile manager speaks or displays on the braille display also gets sent as a message to the computer user who requested the connection.

To stop sending all output to the visual display server, go back to the Status menu, highlight the Visual Display Server option, press the Menu key, and select Disconnect from the menu.

Before you can use the visual display server, you must set up your account information. To set up account information, use an existing gmail account or create a new one at www.gmail.com. Be alerted that there is a CAPTIA to solve, so you may require help from a sighted user unless you are very good at distinguishing random letters and numbers that are provided as an alternative to the visual verification method of insuring that you are, indeed, a human and not a robot trying to generate a gmail account.

Once you have a gmail account, use the credentials from that account in the account settings option of the visual display server's menu. Note that if you press Select on the visual display server item in the status menu and you have not already set up an account, the visual display server asks for your account information. You may also later edit this information by disconnecting from the visual display server then selecting Edit Account Settings from the program menu while highlighting visual display server in the Status menu.

To configure the IM client on the computer, use GoogleTalk as the protocol and add the mobile manager's google address as a buddy.

Rearrange Status Options

To change the order of any of the status options in the menu, point to the item to move, then Press the Menu key. Select Move Up or Move Down from the program menu to move that item up or down in the list.

Insert Mini SD Card Actions

Secure Digital cards provide storage for content you may wish to move from device to device. When you insert an SD card into the slot at the top of the mobile manager or insert a USB device with storage, such as a thumb drive or USB hard drive, the mobile manager scans the contents of the card or USB device and presents a menu that reflects the kinds of files it finds on the storage device.

If there are any files at all on the SD card or USB drive, the software offers a menu option that opens the file explorer for that device.

If there is music on the card or USB drive, some of the menu options include Move Music and Copy Music. These options place files into the music folder on the mobile manager, so the music player incorporates them into its catalog.

If there are other kinds of files, such as Digital Talking Books, the menu offers to either open the book or put it into the library.

To cancel the options, press Cancel.

To disable the feature that scans your device for content, set Search Removable Media for Content off in the General Settings of the Settings menu.

Notes About Turn Off

Before turning off the mobile manager, it is important to remove any USB mass storage devices from the USB port. Such devices might include thumb drives or an external USB hard drive. The mobile manager will not turn itself off while such a device is connected.

Instructions: Help

The Help system makes looking up what you need to know a breeze. It is formatted as DAISY and provides complete contents navigation.

When you need help, press the Help key. The Help system opens the manual to the section relevant to the application in use and starts reading the instructions. Use this key often to learn how to use each application.

While using the Help system, you may control how and what you read.

Document Navigation

Each time you read a document, you may navigate with the arrows, start and stop reading, and, where supported, go to the table of contents of the book.

Start/Stop Reading: Select or Alt+Space

To begin reading, press Select on the keypad or use Alt+Space on the docking station or other external keyboard. The document reader responds by reading from the current position to the end or until you press Select again to stop it.

Continuous Reading Commands

The document reader takes advantage of the fact that there are some things you may wish to do while reading that aren't normally what you would do while editing. In other words, it makes little sense to move character by character while the document scrolls and announces its text as it moves. Instead of Right Arrow moving to the next character while reading, for example, it moves to the next paragraph--a much more useful shortcut for the current conditions.

Quick Previous and Next Paragraph

While using the continuous reading mode, you may use Left Arrow and Right Arrow as a shortcut means of moving quickly to the previous or next paragraph. The document reader immediately stops speaking the current utterance, moves the cursor in the indicated direction, begins to read at the new location, and continues reading from there.

Interactive Rate Adjustment: Up and Down Arrow

To adjust the speech rate or braille display scrolling rate while reading, press up or down arrow. The reader responds by repeating the current text at the new rate if speech is on or it shows the time as a number of characters per second that the display pauses before moving to the next braille line. You may use an arrow repeatedly for more dramatic rate changes. The amount of time the braille display pauses for each line of text is expressed as the number of characters per second to scroll. The default is 4, so if you have a 20 cell display, each line remains on the display for about five seconds. If only half the line is used, the braille scrolling manager leaves the text on the display for only half the time it would for a full line of text.

The braille display shows a line of text, pauses for the prescribed time, then advances to the next line. You may press the advance bar to move ahead more quickly, or you may adjust the scrolling speed with the Up Arrow and Down Arrow keys during reading.

Stop Reading: Select or Alt+Space

To stop reading, press Select. If using an external keyboard or the docking station, use Alt+Space. The document reader stops immediately and leaves your cursor on the last word you heard.

Move Line by Line: Up and Down Arrow

To move from line to line in a document, use the up and down arrows. Each time you press one of these keys, the document reader responds by moving to the line in that direction, and then reading that line. If you're already at the beginning or end of the document, it beeps to let you know there is no where else to go in that direction.

Go to Contents: Hold Menu

Many documents, especially Daisy books, contain a table of contents.

To move to the table of contents for a document, hold the program menu key or pick Document Navigation from the Edit menu. The document reader responds by opening a menu and announcing the name of the section in which you are currently positioned.

Explore Contents: Up and Down Arrow

To move from item to item in the table of contents, press up and down arrow. The menu responds by moving to the previous or next section then announces the name of the section and, if there are any, the number of sub-sections in that section.

Open and Close Section: Right and Left Arrow

To open a section, press Right Arrow. To close a section in the contents, press Left Arrow.

Read Section: Select

To read the section to which you point, press Select. The document reader moves to that section and starts reading.

Cancel Contents

To return to the place in the document where you were when you opened the table of contents, press Cancel. The document reader responds, "Navigation Canceled," and leaves you ready to continue reading at your current position.

Letter by Letter: Left and Right Arrow

To move letter by letter through a document, press left or right arrow. With each key press, The document reader responds by moving to the letter in the indicated direction and announcing that letter. If the letter is capitalized, the document reader indicates the case of the letter by raising the pitch of its pronunciation.

Word by Word: Ctrl+Left and Right Arrow

To move word by word through a document, press Ctrl+left or right arrow. The document reader moves to the next word in the indicated direction and says the word. Remember that you may use the telephone dial pad 0 as the control key to hold in conjunction with one of the arrow buttons.

Move by Paragraphs: Ctrl+Up and Down Arrow

To move from paragraph to paragraph, press Ctrl+up or down arrow. The document reader moves to the new paragraph and reads it.

Next and Previous Page: Page Down and Page Up

To move to the next or previous page, press Page Down or Page Up. The document reader moves to the next page where known or estimated when there is no page information, then reads the new page. To press a Page Up or Page Down on the telephone keypad, hold Pound while pressing up or down arrow.

Go to the Beginning or End: Ctrl+Home and End

To move directly to the beginning or end of a document, press Ctrl+Home or Ctrl+End. Hold Up Arrow or Down Arrow on the keypad. In braille, use 1-2-3 Chord and 4-5-6 Chord. The document reader moves in the indicated direction, and then reads the line at the new cursor location.

Start and End of Line: Home and End

To move the cursor to the beginning or end of the line, press Home or End. On the keypad, hold Left Arrow or Right arrow. In braille, use P Chord and TH Chord. The document reader moves to the indicated location and says the word at the beginning or end of the line. If using this command in a single word prompt or when the cursor is already inside the word, it announces the letter instead of the entire word.

Links are words or phrases in the document that may lead you to further information about the word or phrase. This documentation, for example, contains links that point to this section of the manual in places where it explains how to read and navigate through documents.

The document reader indicates the presence of a link by making a sound or changing the voice as it reads the text of the link. To go to the target of the link, hold OK.

When you hold OK while pointing to a link, the document reader tries to move to the target of that link. If the target resides in the same document, the document reader moves the cursor to that section of the current document. If the target of the link refers to another document, however, the document reader enlists the aid of the web browser to activate the link. If the web browser is not already open, the program makes its normal startup sound as the web browser loads.

If you follow several external links, you may reduce the startup time by leaving the web browser open and returning to the original document via the task manager or direct dialing.

Reading Keypad

The numeric keys on the telephone keypad are sometimes used for typing text. There are, however, several kinds of documents where typing text is not an option. Think, for instance, of an e-mail message or a Digital Talking Book. You cannot type text into those types of documents.

When a document cannot be modified, such as when reading an e-mail, a book in the bookshelf, or a story in the RSS reader, you may use the telephone keypad to navigate to different parts of the document. You may also use the Reading Keypad while in continuous reading mode, regardless of whether the document is read only or not.

Note that even if a document in the word processor is set for both reading and writing, you may use the word processor's ReadOnly command, Ctrl+E, to protect the document from writing and providing it with the reading keypad at the same time.

When the Reading Keypad is enabled, you may use keys on the telephone keypad to navigate and obtain information about the current document. If you are using the docking station or an external keyboard, you may use the number keys located at the top row of typing keys.

Back and Next Word: 1 and 3

When the continuous reading mode is not in use, you may use 1 and 3 to quickly move from word to word within a document. If the current document contains audio material, these keys move by 10-second segments.

Current Word: 2

In addition to 1 and 3 to move by words, you may use 2 to repeat the current word. Press 2 twice quickly to spell the current word.

Back and Next Paragraph: 1 and 3 While Reading

To move to the previous or next paragraph while reading, use 1 and 3.

Back and Next Page: 4 and 6

To move to the previous or next page of a document, press 4 or 6. The document reader responds by moving to the new position in the document. If you had been reading when you pressed the command key, reading resumes at the new location.

If the book is audio, 4 and 6 move back and forward by one minute.

Navigate Heading Levels: 8

Many documents, especially well constructed Digital Talking Books, contain a structure with several levels of content. The exact options available for a specific title depend on the structure of the title and how the book's producer marked up the title.

To see a list of the kinds of navigation possibilities a document offers, press 8 repeatedly. Bookshelf responds by announcing the current level upon the first press then moving through all the possibilities with each additional press of the 8 key.

Levels might include things like Level 1, Level 2, Paragraph, and Bookmark. When you reach the end of the list, pressing 8 again moves back to the top of the navigation type list, so if the first level were called Level 1, and the last were Bookmarks, pressing 8 while on Bookmarks moves back to the item called Level 1

Whenever you select a heading level, you may use the Back and Next keys, 7 and 9, to move to the previous or next heading of that level. Moving by headings includes the level itself plus level headings of lower numbers; if you select level two, the Next key moves to all level one and level two headings.

Bookshelf automatically selects the heading level with the highest number when you first open a title. Remember, you may determine the level on which the selection is set by pressing 8 once. Reader responds by announcing the current level setting. Press 8 again to change the setting.

Back and Next Heading: 7 and 9

To move to the previous or next heading, press 7 or 9. Bookshelf responds by moving to the new place in the book and resumes playback there.

Set Bookmark: Hold 8

To set a bookmark at the current position, hold 8. Bookshelf responds, "Bookmark Set" and places a marker in the text that is easy to return to.

Back and Next Bookmark

To move from mark to mark, select Bookmark as the navigation type by pressing 8 until Bookshelf responds, "Bookmark," and then use 7 and 9 to navigate back and forward through all the marks in that document. Bookshelf responds by moving to the mark and announcing either the time, percentage, or a line of text from a text-based document.

Clear Bookmark

To clear a bookmark, pause the player, move to the bookmark, then hold 8. Bookshelf responds, "Bookmark Cleared," and removes the bookmark.

Binary Movement: Hold 1 and 3

The binary navigation system lets you find a particular portion of a document quickly, regardless of its size. Here is how it works:

When you Hold 3, the document reader moves your reading position to a place half way between where you are and the right-hand boundary of the document. The document reader then announces the new percentage value of where you are in the document. The first time you use the command, the right boundary is the end of the book, so holding 3 moves you to a place halfway between where you are and the end of the book. Now, the left boundary is the original position, and the right boundary is the end of the book. You may narrow in on a position by moving either back or forward to a new halfway position each time you use one of the commands.

An example helps illustrate how the command works. If you start this sequence of moves while at the beginning of the book, holding 3 the first time moves between the beginning and the end of the book, so you move to the middle, and document reader announces, "50%." Now, you could either move to 25% of the document by holding 1, or you could move to 75% by holding 3. If you had moved to 25%, you could then either move to 12% by holding 1 or to 37% by holding 3. Each time you move, the new position is a new boundary, and you keep narrowing in on the place you desire.

Pressing a key other than one of the binary move commands resets the boundaries.

Back and Next Link: Star and Pound

When a document contains links, you may move from link to link by pressing the Star or Pound key.

Find Text: Ctrl+F

To find text, press Ctrl+F or select Find from the Edit menu. The unit responds with the Find Form with which you determine how the find command should work. The form asks for the text to find, whether the search should start from the beginning of the document, and whether the search should be case sensitive.

Search String

Type the text to find.

From Cursor

The From Cursor question in the Find Form lets you determine if the search should start from the beginning of the document or from the cursor position. Press Select to toggle between Yes and No; select Yes to continue searches, and select No to start the search from the beginning of the document.

Match Case

Sometimes, you may wish to make your searches more restrictive by requiring the case of the letters in the text to match the case of the letters in your search term. Press Select to toggle between Yes and No to answer this question.

Start Search: OK

To start the search, press OK. It responds with either Text Found, in which case it moves your cursor to that text, or "Not Found," in which case it does not change your position in the document.

Find Next: Shift+Ctrl+F

To find the second and subsequent occurrences of some text for which you searched, use the Find Next command or pick Find Next from the Edit menu. Word Processor responds by immediately repeating the search. If the word processor finds the text, it responds, "Found" and moves the cursor to that occurrence of the desired text. If it does not find any additional occurrences, it says, "Not Found" and leaves the cursor at its original position.

Select Text

When reading or writing a document, you may mark sections of that text. Once marked, a selection of text may be copied, moved, or deleted. When copying text, the editor uses a clipboard, so you may copy and paste text from one application to another, or you may copy some text and paste it into a search string.

The document reader considers a section of text selected when you place a selection mark in the text and move the cursor. The text between that selection mark and the cursor is the selected text.

Set Selection Mark: Alt+M

To start a selection, move to the place in the document of interest, and then pick Set Selection Mark from the Edit menu or press Alt+M. The document reader marks the spot and responds, "Mark Set."

Copy Selected Text

To put a copy of the selected text onto the clipboard, pick Copy Selection from the Edit menu.

Clear Selection

To clear a mark you previously set, pick Clear Selection from the Edit menu.

Select All

To select all the text in a document, pick Select All from the Edit menu. This may be a convenient way to copy an entire document to an e-mail or to another document.

Close: Cancel

To close the document, press Cancel.

Key Equivalents

This brief chart shows the keys for various input types of the most common navigation commands. Consult the Type Text section of the user's guide for the complete key codes.

Function Qwerty Phone Phone Braille Braille
Move to previous or next letter Left and Right Arrow Left and Right Left and Right Dot 3 Chord and Dot 6 Chord
Move to previous or next line Up and Down Arrow Up and Down Up and Down Dot 1 Chord and Dot 4 Chord
Move to previous and next word Ctrl+Left and Right Arrow 0+Left and Right 0+Left and Right Dot 2 Chord and Dot 5 Chord
Move to start or end of line Home and End Hold Left and Right Hold Left and Right P Chord and Dots 1-4-5-6 Chord
Move to previous or next paragraph Ctrl+Up and Down Arrow 0+Up and Down 0+Up and Down Dots 2-3 Chord and Dots 5-6 Chord
Move to previous or next page Page Up and Page Down #+Up and #+Down Star+6 and Star+9 Dots 1-2-3-4-5 Chord and Dots 2-3-4-5-6 Chord
Move to Start or End of Document Ctrl+Home and End Hold Up and Down Hold Up and Down Dots 1-2-3 Chord and Dots 4-5-6 Chord

Volume

The volume key provides some shortcuts, special controls, and good feedback about volume changes to your text and music.

The most common way to use the volume control is pressing the top or bottom part of the key repeatedly. With each press, the unit changes the volume and announces the word Volume with a number representing the new volume level. Note, however, that if the unit is talking, it raises or lowers the volume without saying anything that might interrupt the current speech. That it is why it may appear that two quick presses of volume up only raise the volume by one level. In fact, the volume gets raised twice, but the unit only announces the volume command on the first press, because when you press it the second time, it is still announcing the word "volume" from the first press.

In addition to pressing the volume key once, you may hold down the key. It responds by quickly raising or lowering the volume and saying or playing something at the new volume level. If its playing audio, the unit continually raises or lowers the playback level until you release the key. If there is no audio playing when you hold the volume key, it responds by continuously changing the volume and announcing "louder" or "softer."

Audio Volume: 0+Volume

Normally, when you use the Up and Down Volume keys, the unit adjusts both the volume of the speech and the volume of the audio output.

To turn up or down the volume of the music without affecting the volume of the speech, hold down the 0 key while pressing the volume key. It responds by raising or lowering the volume of the music if it is playing. If no music is playing when you adjust the audio volume, it beeps at the new volume level.

Speech Volume: Star+Volume

Sometimes, you may wish to read or write while listening to audio. You may raise or lower the volume of the speech without affecting the audio volume. To change speech volume, hold Star while pressing one of the volume keys.

Speed

To increase or decrease the rate of the speech, hold Pound while pressing Volume Up or Volume Down. The unit responds by increasing or decreasing the rate of the speech, and then announcing either "faster" or "slower."

Workspace

The Workspace option provides a convenient place to find frequently used or current work. It is located on the main menu and may be accessed by pressing 1 from the Applications menu.

It is organized into four distinct sections called views. Each view provides a category of content on which you may work. The four views are Welcome, Recent Books, Recent Files, and RSS. You may move from view to view with options in the program menu, or press Pound+Right or Pound+Left to switch views.

To move from option to option within a view, press Up Arrow or Left Arrow.

To open an option, press Select. Workspace responds by starting up the application that handles the kind of file you selected.

For the most part, the material found in Workspace is also available from other applications on the device. Workspace, however, gathers recent work together to help make it easier to find and access. The one exception to the rule of finding Workspace's content from other applications is with the Welcome view.

Welcome View

The Welcome view contains links, text, and audio that may help as you begin learning about your new device. In addition to sample content from Audible.com, the Welcome view contains links to support pages on the internet.

Note that when an option in Workspace refers to a location not on the device, such as an external web page, that option contains the reminder that the selection requires an internet connection.

RSS

The RSS view contains a list that includes Articles and Podcasts. Use up and down arrow to select the option, then press Right Arrow to open it. Workspace responds by showing a list of all the newest articles or podcasts gathered by the RSS Reader. (Note that you must use the RSS Reader to update the feeds before any content shows up in Workspace.)

Recent Books

The Recent Books view shows a list of the most recently opened books from the Bookshelf program. To open a book, move to its name, then press Select.

Note that you must use the Bookshelf to open books before they show up in Workspace.

Recent Files

The Recent Files view shows a list of the most recent files you have used. To open a file from this list, use up or down arrow to find the file to open, then press Select.

Music Player

Your new mobile manager makes the best, most accessible, and capable audio player available today, and it is not just for music! You may read audio books, listen to podcasts, and enjoy your favorite music even while you work on other activities.

Music Player supports audio in the following formats:

flac .flac
Mpeg 3 .mp3
Vorbis .ogg
Wav .wav
Play List .pls
Play List .m3u

To start playing music, press the Apps key, then press 2, or select Music Player from the Applications menu. The music player responds with a menu that lets you easily find the music of interest.

Music Player's menu offers to list your songs by song, artist, album, genre, play list, by files, or internet radio stations. To pick a listing method, use up or down arrow, then press Select. Music Player responds with another menu. That menu contains what you requested in the first menu, so if you had selected artists, the menu contains artist names.

To find the name of a song, artist, or album in the list, use up and down arrow or type the first few letters of the name. Music Player responds by moving through the list and announcing the song, artist, or album name.

If you select Files as the way to view your music, Music Player opens a version of the File Manager that points to the Music folder on your device. When in this view, you may use the normal file manager navigation commands to move through the contents of your files and folders. You do not have to stay in the Music folder. To move to the parent of the music folder, press Left Arrow. From there, press Left Arrow again for a list of drives just as you would in the file explorer program. You may, in fact, browse to folders that aren't even located on the device. See Use Shared Folders for details on browsing the music collection from your home system.

To play a file, press Select. To play an entire folder, select Play all Files in this Folder from the program menu. To add a folder of files to a playlist, select Add Files in this Folder to a Playlist from the program menu.

To return to the previous menu where Music Player offers the different ways to view your music collection, press Cancel.

Whichever method you choose to view your music, Music Player shows a list of songs. To Play the song, press Select. It responds, "Audio Player," and plays the selected music.

To play all the music in your collection, select Songs, then Play All by pressing Select twice from Music Player's main menu.

Audio Controls

No matter what kind of audio you play, the keys to start, stop, rewind, and forward are the same.

Pause: Select

To stop playing your music, podcast, or recording, press Select. Music Player immediately pauses playback.

Play: Select

To start playing or to resume from paused audio, press Select. Music Player resumes playback from where you paused it, or it begins playback at the start of the content.

Increase and Decrease Playback Rate: Up and Down Arrow

To increase the rate at which the sound plays, press Up Arrow. Down Arrow decreases the rate. Note that speed up functionality may not be available from internet radio stations.

Rewind and Forward: Hold Left and Right Arrow

To rewind or forward through an audio selection, hold left or right arrow. The audio player rewinds or fast forwards through the content and plays back samples to help you tell where you are in the audio. Music Player also announces the amount of time it has moved.

To stop rewinding or forwarding, release the arrow key. The audio player resumes playback at the new position.

Back and Next Track: Left and Right Arrow

To move to the next or previous song, press right or left arrow. The audio player responds by moving to the next track and starts playing it, or it moves to the beginning of the current track if more than three seconds into the track, and resumes playback from there. To move to the previous track while more than three seconds into a song, press Left Arrow twice. The audio player responds by moving to the previous song and begins playing that track.

Back or Forward 10 Seconds: 1 and 3

To move back or forward by 10 seconds, press 1 or 3.

Back or Forward One Minute: 4 and 6

To move back or forward by one minute, use 4 or 6.

Back or Forward 10 Minutes: 7 and 9

To move back or forward by ten minutes, use 7 or 9.

Load Music Content

The media player gets its content from the folder called music on the hard drive. So, before you may use the player, you must copy content to that folder on the device. See Disk Drive Mode or Share Folders for details on copying files to the device.

The Information List

When Music Player plays a track, it gathers information about that track and places it into an Information List.

Move Within the Information List: 2 and 8

Music Player lets you use the 2 and 8 keys as if they were up and down arrows to move through information about the track that is playing. Artist, Album, Title, Length, and the path to the track are all included. Press 8 as if it were a down arrow key to move to the next snippet of information about the current track, and use 2 as if it were an Up Arrow key. To repeat the current item, press the Status key.

Notice that each of the options in the information list is a key word that you may use in either an Announcement Template or a Status Template.

Current Position: 5

Press 5 to get the current position. Music Player responds by announcing the time of the current position within the current track.

Music Player Options

Music Player supports a number of options that let you configure how it behaves.

Turn Shuffle On

To shuffle the order of playback, select Turn Shuffle On from the menu. This setting stays in effect until you turn it back off.

When you select Turn Shuffle On, the audio player shuffles the songs you select. It also changes the menu item to read Turn "Shuffle Off" where you may return to the alphabetical play order.

Turn Repeat On

Use the Repeat option in Music Player's menu to continuously repeat a song or selection of songs. As with the Shuffle option, the menu name changes to reflect the state of repeating.

Resume

The Resume option in Music Player's menu lets you return to the point in the audio content where you last left off. This option is used more for lengthy content like podcasts or books.

To return to the last position, start Music Player and select Resume from the program menu.

If you had been using a play list, the resumption of playback respects both the position in the play list and the position within the current track in the play list.

Edit Templates

Music Player contains two templates that direct how it announces information in two different places: When you press Status twice to get current status and when the player moves from track to track. Each of these has its own name. The Announce template is the one that gets used when you move from track to track, and the Status template is what gets used when you press Status twice.

By default, the Status template contains key words that get replaced with the values of the current time, length, title, and artist, but you may change the order or even all the information provided.

The Announce template contains the title and artist, but you may add key words or change the order. Note, too, that you must select the Music Template On option in the program menu before the Announce template functions.

To change either template, select Edit Templates from the program menu. Music Player responds with a form containing places to type the template for each of the options.

Use the list of key words found in the information list to replace that word with the actual value of the information. Each of the key words must match exactly. Otherwise, the word itself is used in the template. For a list of the key words, press the Program menu while editing the template.

Example Template

To create a template that announces the title, artist, and album for each track, use the following template: title artist album

If you wish to use one of the key words as a word to be spoken, use a capital letter in the key word name. That makes the word a non-key word.

To make a template that says the word song followed by the name of the song, use this template:

song: title

Music Template On/Off

To toggle the announcement of information about the current track when that track changes, select the Music Template On or Off option in the program menu.

Add Songs to a Playlist

When a song is playing and that song is in the music catalog, there is an additional menu option, Add This Song to a Playlist.

Selecting Add This Song to a Playlist lets you add the current song to a playlist. When you select this option, the program displays a list of existing playlists. Use up and down arrow to find the playlist of interest, then press Select to add the current song to that list.

If you do not already have a playlist, you must create one before adding a song to a playlist.

To create a new playlist, open Music Player, then select Playlists from the main program. Music Player responds with a list of existing playlists. Press the program menu key, and select Create a New Playlist.

Rebuild Catalog

Rebuilding the catalog is necessary if you turn off the Auto Catalog Update feature. You should rebuild the catalog each time you add or remove content to or from the music folder.

Turn Auto Catalog Update On

Normally, when Music Player starts, it scans the music folder to check for updates that it may need to add to its database. If your music folder contains thousands of songs, this process can take some time. It is for this reason that Media Player offers you the option of turning off this feature. Note that if you do turn off Auto Update, you must use the Rebuild Catalog option each time you add new content to your music folder.

ID3 Tags

Music player uses information embedded in each song to establish the track's artist, title, album, and genre. This embedded information is called ID3 tags, and most programs that convert (rip) music from CD consult an online database to obtain this information. You may also edit the ID3 tags. One way to edit the tags from Windows on your computer is to highlight the track, then get properties on the file. (You may get properties by pressing Alt+Enter or right clicking and selecting Properties from the context menu that appears. Windows responds by showing a multi-tab dialog. Move to the Details tab to examine or edit the information.

Get Music from Your CDs

One of the best ways to get a large collection of music onto your device is from your CD collection. Getting the music from a CD onto the device is a multi-step process.

First you must get the songs from the CD onto your computer. There are several programs that help with this step. Windows Media Player is one such program that you most likely already have on your computer. When you put an audio CD into the CD drive on your PC, Windows displays a menu that includes "Rip Music from CD" as one of its options. When you select this option, Media Player converts the songs from the CD format into files and stores them on your computer's hard drive. Before doing this for the first time, you may wish to alter some of Media Player's options. By default, Media Player converts the songs into the Windows Media Audio (WMA) format. Unfortunately, the mobile manager does not recognize this format, so you should tell Media Player to use mp3 format instead of WMA format.

To instruct Media Player to use the mp3 format, open Media Player and select the Options item on the Tools menu. Move to the Rip tab, and pick mp3 from the format option. You may also wish to configure where Media Player puts the files and how it names the files it creates. You may also adjust the quality of the music.

Once the songs are on your computer's hard drive, copy them to the mobile manager's hard drive for use in the music player. To copy the files, locate the folders where they are stored on the PC and copy the songs or folders of interest to the clipboard.

Next, turn on the mobile manager's disk drive mode by selecting option 3 from the Utilities Menu. Once disk drive mode engages, Windows responds by showing the autorun menu which includes the option Open Folder to View Files. Select that option and move to the Music folder. Open the Music folder and paste the contents of the clipboard into that folder. Note, this may take several minutes depending on the amount of material selected to copy.

Download Music

One of the problems with downloading music is the presence of digital rights management (DRM). Online music stores like iTunes, and Napster use this technology to prevent illegal duplication and sharing. None of these kinds of songs will play in Music Player. It does not contain the necessary technology to decrypt the DRM files.

Fortunately, there are more and more music options that do not use DRM. iTunes contains thousands of titles that are not protected with DRM, but the interface is difficult to use, and the files are in AAC format which Music Player currently does not support.

Amazon.com sells popular and independent music tracks. These are easy to obtain and play perfectly in Music Player. Look for the mp3 Downloads section of Amazon for details.

Wal-Mart online music uses unprotected mp3 files. That means that the albums and files you download from www.walmart.com/mp3 work with most devices including Music Player.

Another site that sells open music is www.emusic.com.

In addition to the websites that sell tracks of music, you may also consider subscribing to podcasts that include music. www.magnatunes.com is one site that ships music over the internet right into your RSS Reader program.

Music on the Home Stereo

While the mobile manager contains great speakers for close listening, you will never disturb the neighbors or rattle the windows with the unit's built-in speakers. To do that, you'll want to connect it to your home stereo system or boom box.

If the equipment you wish to connect contains an input for a 1/8 inch jack, obtain a patch cord with male 1/8 inch jacks on each end and plug one into the earphone jack on the mobile manager and the other into the input jack of the stereo.

Most stereos use RCA jacks to connect components. Since the mobile manager contains no RCA jacks, you will need to purchase a Y cable with RCA jacks at one end and a 1/8 inch stereo male jack at the other end. Plug the RCA jacks into the back of the stereo. You may wish to leave the 1/8 inch jack end of the cable in a convenient place so it is easy to plug it into the earphone jack on the mobile manager.

When you are ready to play music through the home stereo, plug the 1/8 inch jack into the mobile manager's earphone jack, then turn on the stereo, and select the component corresponding to where you connected the RCA jacks from the cable.

Music Player in the Car

To play music in an automobile stereo, you may use a direct connect method or an FM transmitter.

Direct Connection

Some car stereos come with an aux in jack. If the stereo contains one of these, obtain a 1/8 inch audio patch cord and plug one end into the earphone jack on the mobile manager and the other into the aux in jack on the stereo. Most car stereo systems also require you to set the input to come from the aux in jack. Consult the documentation for the specific system to find out how to make this setting on your system.

Once the car stereo is set to accept input from the aux in jack, and you have the patch cord connected, start the Music Player on your mobile manager. You will hear both the speech and audio through the car's speakers. You may need to adjust the volume of the mobile manager to match the power of the car stereo. Once you have the volume set so the level is low when you turn down the volume on the car and the volume is high when you turn up the volume, use the car's normal volume controls to set the most appropriate levels.

Cassette Adapter

If the car stereo does not contain an aux in jack and it does contain a working cassette player, you may purchase a cassette adapter. These accessories are available at most chain retail stores for less than $20, and they contain a cassette-type device with a cord that plugs into the earphone jack of the mobile manager. Just insert the cassette portion of the device into the cassette player and start the music on the mobile manager. Most car stereos will recognize that a cassette is inserted and will accept input from the cassette without changing any settings on the stereo.

FM Transmitter

An FM transmitter is another option you may consider for routing audio through your car's stereo system. These devices also contain a jack that you plug into the earphone jack of the mobile manager. They take the signal from the earphone jack and transmit it over an unused FM station. Tune your car radio to that FM station to receive the signal.

These devices are also available in most retail chain stores, or you may find them online. An internet search for "fm transmitter" should result in several possibilities.

Play Commercial Audio Books

Increasingly, commercial publishers are offering books in audio format. These typically come on one or more CDs. The best way to seamlessly play a book consisting of a series of files is to create a playlist containing all the files on the CD. To create a playlist that contains an entire folder of files, follow these steps:

To play this book, start Music Player and select Playlists from the main menu. Next, find the playlist that contains the book of interest. Music Player resumes with the current playlist item and the last position in the current track.

Library Menu

The Library menu lets you read, download, and manage your reading material. The options in the Library menu work very closely with a subscription to bookshare.org and an internet connection to retrieve content. You do not need an internet connection to read previously downloaded content. For information about a subscription to bookshare.org, see www.bookshare.org.

Bookshelf

The Bookshelf lets you read books. In addition to managing and organizing your collection so the book you want is easy to find, it lets you move through the book, mark your place, and returns to your position when you reopen a book.

Bookshelf supports a variety of book types including those from National Library Service, bookshare.org, audible.com, and plain text, Microsoft Word, html, EPUB, and braille files. You do not have to know what kind of book you are reading, but you may need to know some differences between the way some commands work among text and audio books. The controls differ slightly, and those details are explained shortly.

List the Books

When you first open Bookshelf, it shows a menu with three options. Those options are Recent Books, Authors, and All Books. Decide the method you wish to use to list your book collection and use Up Arrow and Down Arrow to move to that option and press Select.

Recent Books

Most often, returning to the bookshelf means returning to a book in progress. That is what the Recent Books option does. When you open the Recent Books list, Bookshelf shows a list of the last several books you have opened to make it convenient for you to return to a read in progress.

Authors

The Authors list shows an alphabetical list of the authors in your library. When you find an author, press Select to show a list of books written by that author.

All Books

If you select All Books, Bookshelf shows a listing of all the books in your library. Each book is listed with the title and author's name. You may show this list ordered alphabetically, or you may select Sort by When Added to put the books most recently added at the top of the list. To return to an alphabetical listing of all books, select Sort by Title from the program menu.

Open Book: Select

To open a book in the list of books or the list of books by a specific author, use the up and down arrows, or type the first few letters of the book's name. When you get to the book of interest, press Select to open the book. The bookshelf responds, "Opening Book," and begins gathering the book information. Depending on the size and type of the book, this process may take a few seconds.

If this is the first time you opened this book, the program shows the beginning of the book. Otherwise, it returns you to where you were when you last read that book.

When you open a book, Bookshelf begins reading. You may pause by pressing the Select key. Press Select again to resume reading.

Reading occurs in the normal editing environment for books created from text, which means all of the navigation, marking, and finding capabilities are available to you. See the Document Navigation section for details.

Audio Navigation

Audio books also contain all the navigation features that the book supports. In addition, since there are no lines or letters in an audio book, Bookshelf uses the arrow keys for audio controls.

Speed Up and Slow Down: Up Arrow and Down Arrow

To increase the rate of playback for an audio book, press Up Arrow. Bookshelf responds by speeding up playback by about 10%. To slow down playback, press Down Arrow. (Note that you cannot slow down playback to a rate slower than that at which it was originally recorded.)

You may increase the playback rate to up to three times normal. Each time you change the playback rate with the arrow keys, the audio Player responds in one of two ways, depending on whether or not audio is actually playing. If audio playback is paused, the audio player announces the new playback rate as a percentage. When you change the rate to normal (100%), it announces, "Speed normal." If, on the other hand, audio is playing while you make the speed adjustments, the audio player responds by immediately adjusting to the new playback speed.

Rewind and Fast Forward: Left and Right Arrow

To rewind for 3 seconds in an audio book in the Bookshelf, press Left Arrow.

To Fast Forward for 3 seconds, press Right Arrow.

Note that these commands work only in the Bookshelf. Left Arrow and Right Arrow are the commands to move to the previous and next track while using Music Player.

Move by Time: Hold Left or Right Arrow

If you wish to move by time through an audio selection, hold Left or Right Arrow. Bookshelf responds by moving in small segments at first, and then gradually increasing the amount of movement as you hold the key. You may also use the numbers 1 and 3 on the telephone keypad to move by small amounts.

The longer you hold the key, the further you move. Bookshelf and Music Player provide verbal feedback about the amount you move. Release the key to stop movement.

Close: Cancel

To close a book, press Cancel.

Add Books to the Library

There are several ways to add books to the library.

Internet Book Search Program

One of the most common methods of adding books to the bookshelf is with the Internet Book Search program in the Library menu. When you download a book from bookshare.org, Internet Search automatically adds the book you select into the bookshelf.

Copy Books to Bookshelf

In addition to using the Internet Book Search program, you may copy entire folders directly into the library. Start the Bookshelf program and select Copy Books to the Bookshelf from the program menu. Bookshelf responds by presenting a list of drives similar to the drives list in File Explorer. Select the drive where the books reside. Next, move to the folder on that device to copy and press Select or mark multiple folders to copy and press Select. Bookshelf responds by copying the folders you marked into your library.

Use the Import Folder

The bookshelf's import folder is another method to move books into the bookshelf easily. When the program starts, it scans this folder for content that needs to be imported. This content may include files of any supported type, including zipped files directly downloaded from NLS or bookshare.org. If Bookshelf finds files included in a zip or bks file, the program extracts the contents of the .zip file, moves the entire set of files to a newly created folder in the library/books folder, then removes the .zip or .bks file from the import folder. Dropping downloaded books from NLS into the library/books/import folder on your device is one of the quickest and easiest ways to begin enjoying this content.

Bookshelf announces import progress while you are still using the menu system of the program, but once you open a book to read, Bookshelf no longer announces progress messages. Instead, it assumes your interest lies with the book you opened, so it suppresses any extraneous announcements.

If there were any imported books, Bookshelf adds a new menu item called Bookshelf Import Status. Selecting this option from the program menu shows the log file of book imports and may help track down a problem.

Tip: Share the Import Folder

Sharing the import folder means you can copy files directly from your desktop or other computer onto the device right in the library/books/import folder where it will be ready to use when Bookshelf next starts. Since turning on File Sharing in the Settings menu automatically assigns shared status to the public and import folders, you may take advantage of this convenience by directing the browser on your PC to download the zip files directly to the shared folder on the Icon or Braille+. When the PC browser asks where to store the file, press the Home key to move the cursor to the beginning of the edit box, then type two backslash characters (to tell Windows you are working with a network device) and type the name of your device followed by the import folder like this: \\bing\import\ (assuming you named your device "bing.")

To make it even easier to copy content from your PC, assign a drive letter to the shared import folder. Then, when you copy or save files to share, use that drive letter.

Copy Files

Copy the file or files into the library/books folder on the unit's hard drive. If you wish to, you may also create a folder named with the author's name (or any other naming scheme of your choosing) then copy the file or files into that folder. Bookshelf scans all the files and folders in the /library/books folder and all its sub folders.

The technique you use to copy files to the appropriate folder depends on your preferences. Use Disk Drive Mode and your computer to copy the files to the external drive, use the mobile manager to copy files from other devices over the network, or use your computer to copy files to the device to folders you have shared with the folder sharing options.

Use Copy Books or Move Books when you Insert an SD Card

When you insert an SD card into the mobile manager's card slot, it scans the card for content and presents a menu of options based on what content it finds. If it finds any books on the card, two of the menu options are Copy Books to Bookshelf and Move Books to Bookshelf. As the names indicate, one option moves the books from the card and the other copies the books and leaves them on the card.

Books From National Library Service

National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) is a tremendous resource for US citizens and residents that lets you download structured, professionally recorded books from their web site for playback on your device. These are called Digital Talking Books (DTBs).

Before You Start

There are four things that must happen before you may play NLS content on your device:

Active NLS User

If you are not already an active user of the NLS program, you can locate the library serving your area at www.loc.gov/nls. Please see the details on that page for eligibility and instructions.

Register the Device

To register the mobile manager with the manufacturer, select Check for Updates on the mobile manager's Utilities menu. If you have already registered, the update manager checks for software updates. If you have not already registered with the manufacturer, it presents the User Registration form. Fill out the information in this form, and press OK to send it to the manufacturer. (You must have an internet connection.)

Register with the NLS Download Pilot Site

Once signed up for service with NLS, you may additionally participate in a program to let you download up to 30 books per month. You may play that content on your device. To sign up for the download program, go to www.nlstalkingbooks.org/DTB and click the Application Instructions link. Read the instructions, and click the Enrollment Form link. If you are already signed up with the download program, you must log onto the NLS web site and select the Update My Settings link and select the Add a New Player option.

Fill out all the information requested, and where the form asks for the kind of playback device, indicate LevelStar Icon or APH Braille+ (plus) Mobile Manager.

When NLS verifies that you are an active user with the talking books program, it will send you an e-mail with instructions on how to log onto the page where you may download books. NLS will also contact the manufacturer with the information you provided on the application form. The manufacturer must match the information you provided to NLS with what you provided when you registered your device. Especially important is the e-mail address; it must match that provided to both the NLS and the manufacturer when you registered with them.

Install the Key

Once the manufacturer has both the registration information from you and your NLS application from NLS, they will prepare a key for your exclusive use on this device. That key will be distributed to you through the normal update process. The manufacturer will e-mail you when the key is ready to download. Please allow five to ten business days for this process.

When you receive the e-mail informing you that your key is ready, use the software update process again, as outlined in the e-mail, to download and install the new key. (The Check for Updates option is found at option 6 in the Utilities menu.) Once the key is installed, its use is transparent. You will be able to open and read any of the content from NLS without having to even think about the key.

If you attempt to play a protected NLS book with a device that is not authorized, Bookshelf opens a special version of that book that provides instructions and information from the publisher of the protected Digital Talking Book.

Copy Books to the Device

To download a book from the NLS web site, follow the instructions provided in the e-mail from NLS. The books are stored in zip files. This means they are packaged together so the entire book may be transmitted as one file.

To put the zip file into the bookshelf, copy it from your computer and place it into the library/books/import folder. Each time you start Bookshelf, the program scans the import folder and puts any new titles into the bookshelf. The newly imported books appear at the top of the Recent Books list, so they should be easy to find and identify.

You may also unzip the files on your PC. To use that book, open Windows Explorer and point to the file. Press Enter to open the zip file. Copy all the files from that zip package to the library/books folder on your mobile manager's hard drive. You may create folders for the author and/or the title if you desire.

Using NLS Books

Digital Talking Books from NLS contain all the rich features of any audio Digital Talking Book, but there are some things you should be aware of when using these books.

Some of the books in the NLS collection have been converted to digital from the analog master of the tape. In such cases, navigation is somewhat limited. For those books recorded in digital format, navigation points are normally found at the beginning of each chapter in many books, and richer, more detailed markup is available in some specialized books and magazines. Books converted from analog, however, normally contain navigation points at the beginning and end of the book and at the start of the book's contents, so the ability to quickly move from section to section or chapter to chapter will not be available in such books. Happily, all new books being recorded do contain the richer navigation markup that users quickly learn to love.

Recordings for the Blind and Dyslexic

RFBD records thousands of text books and offers them to eligible students on CD or download.

To play RFBD titles, you must meet these requirements:

Install the Key

To install the key, follow these steps:

  1. Log on to rfbd.org.
  2. Select My Account link.
  3. Select the Authorize a Daisy Player link.
  4. Select APH Braille+ or Levelstar Icon in the Select Playback Device combo box.
  5. Obtain the serial number from the mobile manager
  6. Type it into the requested area.
  7. Press the Continue button.

    RFBD generates a key that you install by using the Check for Software Updates option in the Settings menu.

  8. Type your RFBD membership number and press Enter.

    It installs the key and announces "Finished."

Finding and Downloading Books

While you may still receive CDs in the mail and send them to the mobile manager, it is usually more desirable to take advantage of the ability to download titles directly.

Use the web site's catalog to search for titles of interest.

The books you want are prefixed with the letters "dl." There are other options, but they are not Daisy.

The order page is somewhat confusing. Put a "1" in the quantity edit field for each book you want to order. Use the checkout button on each page of search results where you entered a quantity.

Complete your order. RFBD emails you when the books are ready to download.

For Windows Users

If you haven't already done so, download and install the RFBD Download Manager software as instructed.

When RFBD informs you that your order is ready, log back on to their page and go to the downloads section. Click on each book to download. Use the Open option instead of the Save option when the browser asks you what to do with the download. This starts the RFBD download manager. It downloads the book in sections. When it finishes downloading, it assembles the completed book into another folder.

These books are large, and they take some time to download, even on a fast connection.

When you Don't Use Windows

RFBD's Download Manager software works only with Windows. If you use a Mac or other computer, you may still search and order with the online catalog or call 1-800-221-4792 to get CDs mailed to you.

Transfer RFBD CD

To transfer a book on CD to the mobile manager, create a folder on the mobile manager's hard drive to hold the contents of the CD. A good practice that lets you avoid conflicts is naming the folder with RFBD's shelf number for the book.

Copy the entire contents of the CD into the folder you created.

Audible.com

Audible.com is the largest commercial producer of audio books, and your mobile manager is an approved audible.com playback device. This resource contains thousands of titles, and for a small fee per book, you may download and read any of them.

Get Started with Audible.com

To get started playing audible content, you must sign up for an account and authorize the device. To authorize the device, browse to www.audible.com and download the Audible Manager application for your PC. Once downloaded, install and run it. Then select the function to add a new device. Pick LevelStar Icon/Braille+ from the menu.

Copy Books to the Device

To play audible.com content, find the material of interest on www.audible.com. When you elect to purchase a book, the web site asks you to select a format. As explained, format four is the largest, but it also sounds the best. The mobile manager supports formats two, three, and four.

Each of the titles you purchase shows up in your audible library. To download the content from your library to the PC, click the My Library link on the audible.com web site. Find the titles you have purchased, then click the Download link.

Once the titles reside on your PC's hard drive, you must use the Audible Manager program that you previously downloaded and installed to send that content to the mobile manager. To transfer a title to your device, turn on disk drive mode from the Utilities menu. Then, open Audible Manager on the PC, and highlight the book of interest. Next, press the Applications key or right click, and pick Transfer to Icon/Braille+ from the menu.

The first time you transfer audible content to the device, Audible Manager asks you to activate the device. In order to activate a device, you must have an internet connection, and the device must be connected to your computer via the USB. Enter your audible.com account name and password to activate the mobile manager.

To deactivate your device, use Audible Manager again, but select deactivate from the menu.

Update the Library

Each time you start Bookshelf, it scans the books folder for new content and adds any new material into its list. If the book is a text, braille, or some other file that does not contain author and title information in a structured format, you must edit that book's information to include the title and author in Bookshelf's database. Otherwise, Bookshelf files that work under the author, "Unknown" and copies the files for that book in a folder named "other."

Import Status

When Bookshelf starts, it always scans the import folder for new titles you may have dropped into it. If there are any books in the import folder, Bookshelf creates a new menu item, Import Status Messages. This menu option lets you examine any problems that may have occurred in the import process. Such problems may include corrupt files, duplicate files, and invalid file types.

Each line of the status screen shows the name of the file Bookshelf tried to import, and a reason for its failure if it fails.

If a book fails to import, press the Menu key to get options relating to what you may do about the failed import.

Edit Book Information

To add or edit title and author information for a book you add to the bookshelf, start Bookshelf and list all books. Find the book of interest, then select Edit Book Information from the program menu. Bookshelf responds with the Book Information form. This form contains the title of the book, and a list of authors.

To change the title, edit the text in the Title field.

To work with authors, press Down Arrow to move to the author list.

To add an author, select Add Author from the Program menu, then type the additional author's name. Press OK to confirm.

To edit an author, use the Left or right arrow to select the author to edit, then pick Edit Author from the Program menu. Bookshelf responds by presenting an edit field with the current author's name. Edit the author's name as desired, press OK to confirm, or press Cancel to abandon the changes.

To delete an author, move to the author using the left or right arrow and select Delete Author from the program menu.

Delete a Book

To remove a book from the bookshelf, start Bookshelf and point to the book to delete. Then, select Delete Book from the program menu.

Update Book Catalog

Normally, Bookshelf scans the entire books folder to determine the existence of new books you may have added. After your collection reaches numbers in the hundreds, you may wish to use the Do Not Automatically Update Book Catalog on Startup option in the program menu. This saves time scanning the folder each time you start the program. If you have set that option, you will use the Update Book Catalog to force the Bookshelf to scan the books folder for new content.

Turn Auto Catalog Update Off

Once your library of books reaches numbers in the hundreds, you may wish to save time by turning off the feature that scans and updates the catalog each time the program starts. When you do add books, use the Update Book Catalog option to force the program to add that new content.

Manage Books

As your book collection continues to grow, you may find it useful to know some things about how to manage a large number of titles.

Find New Books Added to Bookshelf

As your collection grows, one of the most annoying problems is finding books that you just added to the Bookshelf. Fortunately, the program keeps track of the date and time each book is added, and it provides a way to view the books in the All Books list in date added order so the newest books added to the bookshelf show up at the top of the list.

To sort the All Books list, follow these steps:

When you select a sorting option for the All Books list, that selection remains in effect until you change it. To sort the list in alphabetical order, select Sort by Title from the program menu while in the All Books list.

Bookshelf indicates the current sorting order of the All Books list by announcing "selected" after the menu item that reflects the current sorting condition.

News Stand

The News Stand, in conjunction with a subscription to bookshare.org, downloads, manages, and reads periodicals. It is the most convenient and accessible method of obtaining dozens of mainstream periodicals in a timely manner.

One typically uses the program to quickly update the contents of the day's periodicals to which she is subscribed, then read the material later where there may be no internet connection.

When News Stand starts, the program displays a list of the periodicals to which you are subscribed. The first time you start the program, this list is empty.

Add a Periodical

To subscribe to a periodical, press the menu key and select Add Periodical. If you have not already entered and selected to preserve the information, the program asks for your bookshare.org logon information. You may also elect to save this information, so you won't have to enter it each time you subscribe or update your magazines.

Once the program verifies your bookshare.org user ID and password, it displays a list of available periodicals. Find the periodical in which you are interested and press Select to subscribe to it. News Stand displays a New Subscription form. To get started, press OK to accept the defaults, then read Periodical Settings for information about managing your subscriptions.

Press OK to save the Subscription information.

News Stand announces, "Subscribed" and returns to the list of periodicals, so you may subscribe to additional items or press Cancel to return to the list of subscribed magazines.

Get All New Issues

The Get All New Issues option downloads any periodicals to which you have subscribed and that are new since the last time you checked. If you didn't elect to preserve your bookshare.org user ID and password, the program asks for that information before checking for and downloading any new issues.

Get New Issues for this Periodical

Instead of getting all the periodicals to which you subscribe, you may, in the interest of time, wish to get only the new issues of the periodical which you have highlighted in the list. To do so, highlight the name of the periodical of interest, then open the program's menu, and select Get New Issues for this Periodical.

Periodical Settings

Each periodical contains settings that control how long to keep each issue and whether or not to subscribe to the periodical. You provide this information when you add a periodical to your subscribed list, and you may alter that information in the Periodical Settings option in the program menu.

Days to Keep Back Issues

Unless you specify otherwise, News Stand keeps back issues forever. You may enter a number here to instruct the program how many days to keep each periodical. Use 0 to continue keeping them forever.

Subscribe to this Periodical

If you wish to temporarily unsubscribe from a periodical without deleting the periodical from your list, select this option.

Delete a Periodical

If you decide you are no longer interested in receiving new issues of a periodical, point to that periodical in the list and select Delete from the program's menu.

Reading Periodicals

To read a periodical, use the Up Arrow and Down Arrow to find the periodical of interest, then press Right Arrow or Select to open the folder containing those issues. You see a list of editions of that periodical that will differ depending on the length of time you elected to preserve the issues. If you had, for instance, selected to keep a certain periodical for five days, you see the last five editions of that periodical in the list. If, on the other hand, you selected 0 as the number of days to preserve an issue, you see a list that grows everyday until you manually delete individual issues. The newest issues of a periodical appear at the top of the list.

Each issue of a periodical shows the date, the name, and the revision number of the periodical. Note that News Stand downloads newer revisions, even if they appear on the same day. In addition, each item in the list shows the number of new issues if you have just downloaded new items.

Choose the issue of interest with the Up Arrow and Down Arrow and press Select to open that issue.

Once you open a particular issue of a periodical, News Stand shows one of two things depending on whether you had previously opened that issue or not. If you had already opened that issue, News Stand resumes reading where you left off. If this is a new issue, News Stand shows the contents of that issue by section. Use right arrow to open the category of interest, and News Stand displays the names of the stories in that section. To open a story, press Select or OK. Once you open a story, News Stand starts reading the story. Press Select to pause reading. News Stand uses the normal document navigation commands to let you read and navigate through the issue.

Navigation

To open the navigation menu, hold the Menu key. To open the navigation at the top, press Cancel.

Internet Book Search

The Internet Book Search works in conjunction with a subscription to bookshare.org and an internet connection to let you search for books from the bookshare collection and download those books of interest to your device. You will not find a more powerful or convenient means of obtaining a vast array of reading material anywhere on earth.

Internet Book Search works with a new state-of-the-art applications programming interface (API) from bookshare.org to automate and secure the transfer of this valuable material by providing three ways to find a title: by author's name, title, or recently added to the bookshare collection.

Each kind of search returns a list of titles from which you may directly download the entire book.

Both the Title and Author search take partial names and return all results with that search term. The Recently Added Books option requests a number to represent how many days back to look.

Result Book List

The results list may return no results, or it may contain hundreds. If there are more than 100 results, use pound+Down to get the next 100 or pound+Up for the previous 100.

Each result contains the name of the book and its author.

To browse search results, use up and down arrow.

Download: Select

To download the title, press Select. The program responds, "Downloading title" and provides progress sounds and a completion sound. The time to download a title is remarkably quick, so do not be surprised.

Book Information

To get information about a book in the list, select Book Information from the program menu. The information contains a brief and full synopsis, title, author, copyright holder, and publication date.

Press Cancel to dismiss the Book Information and return to the list.

Other Books by Author

When you find a book in the results list, and you want to find other books written by that author, select "Other Books by Author" from the program menu while pointing to a book of interest. The Internet Book Search program performs the search and creates another list of results that contains all the books in the Bookshare collection authored by one or more authors of the currently highlighted book.

To return to the original list of books, press Cancel.

Read the Book

To open a book you just downloaded, press Select again. Internet Book Search responds by letting you know that book is already in your library and asks if you would like to open it. If so, press OK. Press Cancel to return to the list of books without opening the current book.

To read the books you obtain with Internet Book Search, use Bookshelf. It contains the library of all your search results. See the section on finding new books for a good way to find new additions to the library quickly.

Select Book Format

Normally, Internet Book Search downloads the Daisy version of a book. If you prefer using the brf version, select "Change Download Type to brf" in the options menu. The program responds by returning to the book list, but instead of getting the Daisy version of a book when you select it, you get the brf version of the book.

Once you select Change Download Type to brf from the options menu, you may return to using the Daisy format by selecting Change Download Type to Daisy from the options menu.

Internet Menu

While the mobile manager is a useful tool on its own, its real power and flexibility is vastly enhanced by connecting to the internet.

Connect to the Internet

To connect to the internet, you need a service provider. In most cases, an internet service provider is a service that you subscribe to and pay on a monthly basis much like you subscribe to telephone or cable service.

In addition to subscribing to an internet service provider, you may enjoy free access at an increasing number of establishments. Coffee shops, small restaurants, and others often make free internet access available through what is known as a hot spot. You may also set up a hot spot in your own home that makes your existing internet service available wirelessly. The installation of a wireless router (less than $100) is all that is needed.

Turn on Wireless: Hold Program 2

Before connecting to a wireless network, you must turn on the wireless radio. To turn on the wireless radio, hold Program 2. The device responds, "Wireless On," opens the network manager, and scans for access points in range.

The first time you use the wireless capabilities, you need to select the access point to which you wish to connect. Once you select an access point and network manager successfully establishes a connection, you will not have to select that access point again. When you turn on the wireless radio next time, network manager automatically connects to wireless networks to which you have already connected. Likewise, if you turn on the device and the wireless radio is already on, network manager connects to established profiles automatically.

Turn off Wireless: Hold Program 2

To turn off the wireless radio when it is no longer in use, select Turn off Wireless from the menu or hold Program 2 while the radio is on. The unit responds by turning off the wireless radio and announcing, "Wireless Off." Turning off the wireless radio conserves power, so turn it off when it is no longer needed.

Network Manager: Program 2

Network Manager is the program that helps connect the mobile manager to the internet. There are several ways to find the network manager.

The network manager is located in the Internet menu. You may also open it with the short cut key, Program 2. Selecting the network status item in the Status menu also opens the network manager.

When you start the network manager, it shows a list of network connections. This list includes wireless access points in range, ethernet and USB network connections, and names of established network connection profiles.

Each item in the list shows the name of the profile, connection status, signal strength (as a percentage), and the security setting.

If the wireless radio is on and there are access points within range, those connections are first in network manager's list. They are sorted in signal strength order, so the access point with the strongest signal is first in the list. When you try connecting to a new access point, the items at the top of the list indicate all the networks in range.

After the access points in range, network manager shows the ethernet and USB connections. Note that Ethernet shows up only when the unit is docked in the docking station.

Below the ethernet and USB connections, network manager shows an alphabetized list of profiles. Profiles are connections that you have already configured. These profiles are at the bottom of the list, and they each indicate that you cannot currently connect with them. You may, however, edit or delete each of these profiles.

Connect to an Access Point

To connect to an access point, move to its name on the list, and press Select. If there are several options from which to choose, the names at the top of the list are usually the best bet, because they have the strongest signal. If attempting to use a public connection, you may also wish to look for open networks rather than secured ones.

When you find the access point of interest, press Select. Network manager responds by trying to establish a connection. If the network is secure, network manager asks you to type the connection's security key. If you do not know this key, consult your network administrator or examine the wireless router's configuration.

When it makes a successful connection, network manager announces the name of the network and "Ready" indicating that the connection is established and ready to use. If this is the first time using the connection, network manager also creates a profile for that connection so that when you turn on the wireless radio, the unit connects with that access point without you having to select it every time.

Connect to a Wireless Access Point That Does not Broadcast its Name

While many wireless routers broadcast the name of the network, some security minded network administrators hide the network's name to prevent unauthorized attempts to connect to their access point.

To connect to an access point that does not broadcast its name, open the program menu from network manager, and select the New Wireless Profile option. Network manager responds by presenting the Network Settings form.

Network Settings Form

The Network Settings form contains the information necessary to make a successful connection to the network.

Profile Name

When a network connection is established, network manager assigns a profile to that connection. Normally, it gives the profile a name that matches the network's name. You may, however, name the profile anything you wish.

Address Type

Assign IP Address Automatically

Many networks are configured to let the user obtain an internet protocol (IP) address automatically. If the network administrator or your service provider requires it, you may also assign an IP address. Use left and right arrow to select the appropriate address type.

Specify an IP Address

If the network is configured to specify an IP address, enter the IP address, subnet mask, gateway, default name server, and alternate name server. Your network administrator or internet service provider supplies this information.

SSID

The SSID is the network's name that the router usually broadcasts. It is this name that appears at the top of the list when network manager scans for access points in range. If the router is set to hide the SSID, type its name here. Otherwise, its name is automatically filled in with the name that the router broadcasts.

Security

Select the network's security type. The mobile manager supports open, Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP), and Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA), both versions 1 and 2.

Open Networks

Open networks are the least trouble to access. You find open networks in public places that offer wireless access.

WEP

WEP security keeps unauthorized people from accessing a wireless network. To connect to the network, the user must know the key associated with the network. Ask the network administrator for the value to type for the key. If you are the administrator, you may set this key in your router's configuration screen or you may let the router generate a series of keys. Consult the wireless router's documentation for details on this process.

WPA and WPA 2

WPA is a more secure encryption type than WEP. It also requires a key in the form of a phrase that you must type before connecting to the access point. Consult your administrator or the router's documentation for details. Note that older routers may not support WPA 2.

Delete Profile

Since network manager creates a profile each time you connect to a wireless network, you may find many obsolete network profiles at the end of the networks list. This is especially true if you often travel to new locations and connect with wireless networks.

To remove a profile that is no longer needed, point to that profile in the list, then select Delete Profile from the program menu.

USB Network

When your device is connected to your PC with the USB cable, you may use your PC's Windows XP, Vista, and Windows 7 internet connection from the mobile manager. To do so, select the USB connection from the Network Manager option of the Internet menu.

Set up USB Networking

Before using the internet through the USB connection for the first time, you must:

To install the Windows USB network driver, follow these steps:

Troubleshooting

If, after following the installation instructions, you still cannot establish connectivity to the internet from your unit, try the following steps:

The USB network can be useful but difficult to configure. You need only go through all these steps once to set USB networking on your PC. Once configured, the USB network may be established by simply selecting USB network from network manager on the mobile manager.

Web Browser

The World Wide Web is a network of computers that presents interactive documents. These documents often contain links that open other web pages. Most companies and many individuals maintain their own web pages to provide information to customers or friends.

The state-of-the-art web browser lets you browse the World Wide Web, interact with forms, and use Javascript applications. The browser combines the power of a commercial application with custom speech prompts to provide you with more power, performance, and flexibility than with any other hand-held unit.

When you start the browser, it displays the home page. By default, this is www.google.com, but you may change it to something that you normally use. To change the home page, select Settings from the File menu and pick the Start Page option.

When the browser loads each new web page, it reads the page's title. You may press Select to continuously read the page, or you may change the settings to automatically read each new page as it is loaded.

To move and interact with a web page, use many of the normal document navigation techniques. To move up or down a line, press up or down arrow. To move letter by letter, press left or right arrow.

Links

One thing a web page contains that most other documents do not are links. Links are elements in the document that provide more information about the link. You might read a page, for instance, about rivers in the United States and each river's name may be a link that, upon activation, shows more in-depth information about that river. The text of a link may be a picture, a word, or a phrase in the document. As you read a document, the browser indicates the presence of a link by playing a sound and announcing the text of that link in an altered voice. To activate a link, press OK. The browser responds by opening the web page indicated in the target of the link.

Back to Previous Page: Backspace

One of the things that makes browsing the web so fascinating is the ability to return to the original document from an activated link. In other words, it is quick and easy to explore a link and then return to the original document ready to explore more links. To return from an activated link, press Backspace. The browser responds by closing the document and reloading the original document.

Web Controls

Many web pages contain elements to help elicit some kind of response from you. These elements might be buttons, lists, or edit boxes where you type something. The browser's support of controls on web pages is simple and powerful. There is no such thing as a "forms" mode as you may have seen in some screen readers running on the PC. Instead, you keep using the same familiar movement commands, and when you encounter a control, you may interact with it immediately.

Edit Box

When a web page wants you to type something, it puts an edit box on the page. Google's page, for example, contains an edit box in which you type what you are looking for, and it contains a button (called Search) that initiates the search. When you encounter a control on a web page, the browser notifies you by saying the type of control. As you use down arrow to move from line to line in a page, the browser might say, "edit" to let you know that you may type text at that point in the document. You may usually tell what the page wants you to type by reading the text immediately above the edit box.

Edit Box and Computer Braille

The web browser cannot know when an edit control may or may not be appropriate for use with contracted braille. It is necessary, therefore, to use computer braille or plain text in all edit controls on web pages.

Another web control is the list. The browser lets you pick items from a list with the left and right arrow keys. Normally, it notifies you by saying, "Use Left and Right to Change." If you do not wish to hear the instructions about how to change items in a list, you may set that as one of the browser settings.

Read Continuously: Select

To read continuously, press Select. To stop continuous reading, press Select again.

Navigation Within a Page

To move through or read a page's contents, press the arrow keys. The browser alerts you when the text contains a link that you may select to follow.

Open a Link: OK

To follow a link, move to the link and press OK.

More Navigation

Use the keys on the telephone keypad to navigate by headings, links, or controls as follows: 1-move backward by heading, 3-move forward by heading, 4-move backward by link, 6-move forward by link, 7-move backward by form control, 9-move forward by form control

Top of Page: 2

To move to the beginning of the current page, press telephone key 2.

Find Text: 5

To find text on the current page, press Ctrl+F or press 5 on the telephone dial. The browser presents the normal Find Form where you specify what and how to search.

Find Again: 8

To repeat the find, press 8 on the telephone keypad. The browser responds by moving to the next occurrence of the text or saying "Not Found" and leaving the cursor at its original position if it cannot find the text.

Go To Text: 0

Web pages are so widely varied that you will discover pages that are both very easy and terribly difficult to use. There are some things you can do to help.

One of the tools that helps skip cumbersome or repetitive material on a page is the Skip Text command. To skip to the next chunk of text, press 0 on the telephone keypad.

You may define what the browser considers as a chunk of text with the Settings option in the File menu.

Go To URL

To open a new web page, select Go to URL from the File menu. The web browser provides a place to type the address of the page to which you wish to go. Press OK to open the page once you type the address.

Stop Loading

The Stop Loading option lets you stop loading a web page. You may wish to cancel loading a page if it takes too long to display or if you simply change your mind.

Backward

Use the Backward option to return to a page on which you opened the link to the page on which you are.

Forward

Use the Forward option to return to a page from which you used the Backward command. This lets you reopen a page without actually using the link to open that page.

Reload

The Reload option requests the server to send a fresh, current copy of the web page. You may use this for time sensitive pages where you may be examining stale information. A good example of a page where this option is useful might be a stock quote page that gets updated with fresh prices every few minutes. You would use the Reload option to get the latest version of the page.

Bookmark Page

When you find a page to which you wish to return at some point in the future, bookmark it. When you do, the web browser adds the page to its bookmark list, and you may go to any of the bookmarks by selecting Bookmarks from the menu.

Selecting Bookmark Page from the menu makes the web browser display a form in which you may either accept the default title and URL for the page, or you may alter the text of the title. Changing the URL will result in going to another page.

Bookmarks

When you wish to return to a page in your bookmark list, select Bookmarks from the menu.

The browser shows a list of all your bookmarked pages. To select one of these bookmarks and go to that page, use Up Arrow or Down Arrow until it announces the title of the page of interest, then press Select.

Settings

The browser lets you customize its behavior to match your preferences. It uses the Settings form to let you set your options. To open the Settings form, select Settings from the File menu.

Play Link Sound

Normally, the browser indicates a link on the page by playing a sound as the synthesizer announces the text of the link. To turn this feature off, use this setting. You may still tell the presence of a link because the browser speaks the text in a new, definable voice.

Say Graphic Before Graphic Text

Many web pages contain graphics that are labeled. When this option is set to Yes, the browser indicates these graphics by saying, "Graphic" before announcing the text.

Start Reading After a Find Operation

Normally, the browser just moves your cursor to the place on a page where the text to find occurs. You may also instruct it to start reading when it finds the text by setting this option to Yes.

Say "Use Left or Right to Change" when using a List Control

Normally, to help identify list controls on a page, the browser says, "Use Left or Right to Change." To turn this announcement off, set this option to No.

Stop Continuous Read When the Up or Down Key is Pressed

Normally, when you start continuous reading, any key stops it. Sometimes, however, it is useful to press up or down arrow to repeat or skip through parts of a page. To configure the browser to continue reading even after a press of one of the arrows, set this option to No.

Start Page

When you start the browser, it automatically loads a web page. The page it loads is called the start page, and you may set it to anything you like by typing the URL to that page in this setting.

Skip To Next Text Chunk Minimum Character Length

This option lets you set a number of characters the browser uses to find meaningful text on a page when you use the telephone keypad 0 command. It works by looking for a chunk of text with at least this many characters.

Browser Voices

The last four options in the Settings form are the four possible voices that browser uses. They are Text, Link, Image, and Form. Browser uses the Text voice to read the page where there is normal text. It uses the Link voice to announce links on the page. When there is a graphic, browser uses the Graphic voice. Finally, when a page shows a form, browser uses the Form voice to read the content of that form.

As you move to each voice in the Settings form with up or down arrow, the browser uses the voice's characteristics to announce the name of the voice. You may alter the pitch, speed, and voice type of all the voices.

To alter the characteristics of a voice, highlight that voice and use the same commands as the Voice Settings option in the Utilities menu as follows:

Lower and Raise Pitch: 1 and 3
Lower and Raise Rate: 4 and 6

To lower the rate of the speech, press 4 while pointing to the desired voice, or to lower the rate of the default voice, hold down Pound while pressing Volume Down. To increase the rate of speech, press 6 while pointing to the desired voice, or to raise the rate of the default voice, hold Pound while pressing Volume Up. Note that the interactive rate changes operate from anywhere in the system.

Change Voice: 7 and 9

The keys 7 and 9 cycle through the preset voices.

e-mail

The e-mail application lets you compose, read, and manage e-mail.

Once you experience the power and convenience of managing your mail with a mobile device like this, you will wonder why you hadn't taken your e-mail mobile before. Particularly powerful is the combination of free wireless hot spots and free e-mail accounts like gmail.com and yahoo.com that support the pop3 protocol. These options combined with the small size, excellent accessibility, and wireless capabilities make the task of communicating with the world possible in thousands of locations, and all for free.

To start using e-mail, select e-mail from the Internet menu, or type 4,2 from the Applications menu.

When you start the e-mail program, it opens the Inbox folder and shows a list of messages. The program supports multiple folders in which you may organize messages. To get to the folders list, press Left Arrow. The e-mail program comes with folders for Inbox, Outbox, and Trash, but you may wish to add additional folders; they will show up in the folder list, too.

Use Up and Down Arrow to find the folder of interest in the folder list. The e-mail program responds by moving to the new folder, announcing its name, then announcing how many messages that folder contains. Press Right Arrow to open that folder and display the list of messages.

Configure e-mail Account

Before you can read and write e-mail, you must set up your account. This configuration is a one time procedure, so you can forget about it once it is done. For the sake of discussion, this documentation provides examples for setting up a Google account, but the specifics will vary from provider to provider.

To configure your account, press the menu key and select Accounts. The e-mail program responds with the Accounts menu.

Select New Account from the Accounts menu. The e-mail program responds by showing the e-mail Account Form.

If you do not know the information requested in the e-mail Account Form, check with your internet service provider (ISP) or the service provider of the pop3 account. Usually, when you sign up for a pop3 account with a service like gmail, the service provider instructs you about the correct values to use for such a setup. In some web based e-mail accounts, you must turn on the pop3 capability; it may not be enabled by default.

Account Name

Each account uses a name to let you identify and refer to it. Type the name for the account here.

Account is Default

If this is the account you wish to use as your primary or only account, select Yes here. The e-mail program uses the default account as the place from which your messages are normally sent when you create a new message. When you reply to a message, the e-mail program uses the account to which the original message was written no matter the Default Account setting.

Real Name

Type your real name here so that it displays correctly to people who read your messages.

e-mail Address

Type the e-mail address of the account.

Incoming Mail Server

Type the name of the incoming mail server. You may optionally add a ":" followed by an alternate port number. When setting up an account on gmail, for example, you would use: pop.gmail.com:995 because the name of the mail server for gmail is pop.gmail.com and the port number it uses is 995.

Note that many mail services do not require a port number. If your e-mail provider does not require a special port number, simply eliminate the port number specification from this field.

Incoming Mail Server Type

Select the type of incoming mail server this account uses. The choices are pop3 and Secure pop3. Gmail uses Secure pop3.

Leave Messages on Server

Selecting Yes instructs the mail program to leave the messages on the mail server so you may retrieve them with another program. Some people may wish to let their desktop computer remove the messages from the server. If you do that, anything you retrieve with the e-mail program stays on the server. Then when you use your desktop to retrieve the messages, it may remove them. If you have an account dedicated to the unit, you may wish to set this option to No, so the e-mail program removes the messages from the server once it retrieves them.

Incoming User Name

Type the user name of your account so the e-mail program may login and retrieve your mail.

Password

Type the account's password so the e-mail program may log into your account to send and retrieve the mail.

Outgoing Mail Server

Type the name of the outgoing mail server. If the mail server uses an alternate port number, you may add ":" and the port number to the name. The outgoing mail server for Google's gmail accounts is, for example, smtp.gmail.com:587

Outgoing Server Type

Set the appropriate outgoing server type. The e-mail program supports Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP), SMTP over SSL, and SMTP with the Transport Layer Security (TLS) extension to prevent eavesdropping on your e-mail sessions. Gmail accounts require the SMTP with TLS option.

Outgoing Authentication

Select how your mail server requires authentication. Gmail accounts require this to be set to Yes.

Get New Messages

Before you can read messages, you need to communicate with the central computer that stores your messages until you retrieve them. The e-mail program takes care of all the details of communication when you use the Send and Receive command on the Program menu. (Note that you must first have an account configured before you can successfully retrieve messages.)

When you use the Send and Receive option, the e-mail program gathers all the e-mails for all the accounts for which you configured e-mail and places those messages into the Inbox folder. It then looks in your Outbox folder and sends any newly composed messages it finds from you.

Message List

When you start the e-mail program, it shows a list of messages in the Inbox folder. Each item in the list shows who the message is from, its subject, and the date and time of the message.

Move from message to message with Up Arrow and Down Arrow.

Open a message with the Select key.

Delete a message with the asterisk key.

Change header options and configure with the Menu key.

Read the Message

To open a message, press Select. The e-mail program responds by reading the message. It continues reading until it reaches the end of the message or until you stop it by pressing Select.

Use all the normal document navigation commands to read and manipulate the text of the message.

To delete the message while it is open, use the Delete key. Star+Right Arrow is one technique to get a Delete key on both Icon and Braille+.

To close the message and return to the message list, press Cancel.

Attachments

When an e-mail message includes one or more attachments, the e-mail program makes the Attachments menu available.

To open or save an attachment, select Attachments from the program menu. The e-mail program responds by showing a list of all the attachments associated with the current message. To move from attachment to attachment, use Up Arrow and Down Arrow.

To select an attachment, press Select. The e-mail program responds with the Open or Save menu.

To open the attachment, select Open from the menu. The e-mail program responds by starting up the program normally used to work with the file type of the attachment. So, if the attachment is a music file, the e-mail program launches the Music Player and Music Player plays the music file.

To save the attachment, select Save from the menu. The e-mail program responds with the File Save form where you may select the disk and folder where you wish to save the file.

New Message: Ctrl+N

To create a new message, pick New Message from the Program menu. The e-mail program opens the New Message form where you indicate the recipient's address(s), subject, carbon copy, blind carbon copy, and any attachments. As with any form, use Up Arrow and Down Arrow to move from item to item and type the text for each field you desire. Of course, the To: field is required. This is where you type the recipient's e-mail address. Note that you may type multiple e-mail addresses here, just separate each of them with a comma or semicolon.

In addition to typing an e-mail address, you may press Select to get a list of e-mail addresses from your contacts.

When selecting e-mail addresses from your address book, you may select multiple addresses by using 0+Select to mark an e-mail address. As you review the items in the list, the program makes a sound for each item marked. Press OK to add the selected e-mail addresses to the form.

To accept the headers you filled out and begin writing the new message, press OK. The e-mail program responds by presenting a blank editing area in which you type the message.

While writing a message, the e-mail menu options change. In addition to the Send and Receive option, the menu contains items like Headers, Move Message to Outbox, and Send Immediately.

You may change the recipients or subject of the message by selecting the Headers option from the menu.

Change the Account from which the Message is Sent

Normally, when you create a new message, the e-mail program uses your default e-mail address to indicate from whom the message came. If you reply to a message, the e-mail program uses the address to which the original message was addressed. If you have more than one e-mail account set up in the e-mail program, you may change the address indicating from which account the new message is written.

To change the account from which the message is sent, select Headers from the Program menu while composing or replying to a message, then move to the From item. The Headers form indicates the currently selected account. To change the account from which the message is sent, press Select. The Headers form responds by listing all the accounts you configured for the e-mail program. Use the Up and Down Arrows to move to the address of the account you wish to use, then press Select.

Other Edit Options

The Edit menu contains a variety of options that apply to the text in the current message. You may mark for selection, select, mark all, and find text in individual messages with the options in the Edit menu.

The Navigation menu provides options for moving to various parts of an individual message. You may move to the beginning or end of a message or go to a specific page or section (if the message supports sections).

Attach a File

To attach one or more files to the outgoing message, select Headers from the Program menu. E-mail responds by showing the Headers Form. Move to the Attachments item in the Headers form. E-mail responds with a list of attached files. The first time you select this option, the list is empty. To add a file to the attachment list, select Add Attachment from the program menu. The Attachment Form responds by presenting the File Selection form. Pick the file to attach, then press OK.

Finish the Message

When you finish writing the message, select one of the options from the menu or press Cancel. E-mail responds with a menu of choices. Those choices are Send Immediately, Move to Outbox, or Discard.

Send Immediately

The Send Immediately option moves your message to the outbox, but instead of just leaving it there ready to send with the next batch of mail, the e-mail program immediately connects to the internet and sends the message on its way. You will not want to use this option if you turn off the wireless radio after retrieving mail.

Move Message to Outbox

Moving your new message to the Outbox means the message is stored and ready to send. It will be sent the next time you use the Send and Receive option in the Program menu or next time you use the Send Now option when composing a message.

Discard Message

The Discard option throws the message away. Use this option if you do not wish to save or continue with the message.

Return to Message Edit

Press Cancel to return to the message if you do not wish to select any of these options.

Reply: Ctrl+R

To reply to a message, select Reply from the program menu. The e-mail program responds by setting up the message and presenting you with a blank area in which you may compose your reply. The text of the original message follows the cursor, so you may elect to type your reply at the top of the message, or you may intersperse your comments throughout the text of the original.

The same options for a new message are available for replies. To change any of the header information, select Headers from the Program menu.

Add the Sender to Your Address Book

To add the sender of the current message to your address book, select Add This Sender to Your Address Book from the Program menu. The e-mail program responds with the New Contact form. The form already has what information can be detected from the message filled out. This usually includes the person's first and last name and the e-mail address.

If you try to add the sender of a message to your address book and there is already an entry in your address book for that person, the e-mail program shows the New Contact form with all the previously entered information intact. You may change or add to this information.

When you finish with the New Contact form, press OK. The e-mail program responds by returning to the message list.

Reply to All

Sometimes, an e-mail message contains several recipients. To send a reply to all the recipients, pick Reply to All from the Program menu.

Forward Message

Forwarding means sending a copy of a message to another recipient. To forward a message, point to the message to forward and select Forward Message from the Program menu. The e-mail program responds by asking for the address of the recipient. Type the e-mail address, then press OK. The e-mail program opens the message and lets you add any comments or information.

To finalize the message, press Cancel. The e-mail program responds with the menu that lets you decide what to do with the message. You may move it to the outbox, send it immediately, or discard it.

View Headers

A message's headers contain information about who the message is to and from, the subject, and date and time information. To examine the header information for the current message, select View Headers from the Program menu.

Empty Trash

The Empty Trash option deletes the messages in the Trash folder. When you delete messages from other folders, the e-mail program moves that message to the Trash folder in case you accidentally deleted one or if you just wish to access a message that you deleted earlier. Once you empty the Trash folder, those messages are no longer available.

New Folder

To create a new folder, pick New Folder from the Program menu. The e-mail program responds with a typing area in which you may type the name for the new folder. Type the name, and press OK to create the folder.

Move Messages to Another Folder

Sometimes, you may wish to move a message from one folder to another. This is an effective means of categorizing content or keeping track of important subjects. To move a message or a group of messages:

  1. Mark the message to move. E-mail responds by playing the "marked" sound as if you were marking files to move or copy in the file explorer.
  2. Once you mark all the messages to move, press Left Arrow to show the folder list.
  3. Use Up and Down Arrow to find the folder where you wish to place the message or messages.
  4. Press Right Arrow to open the folder.
  5. Open the program menu and select Move Selected Messages.

Filters

Filters help organize your e-mail. They work by letting you create rules about what to do with messages that meet certain criteria. You may filter messages in a variety of ways including messages from any e-mail list. When the e-mail program filters messages, it moves messages to various folders based on who the message is from or to, or what text is contained in the subject of the message.

One of the easiest ways to set up a filter is to point to the message that represents the kind of message to filter. This message could be from a specific person or to a mailing list to which you belong.

Once you point to a message representing the kind of message to filter, select Filter from the program menu. The e-mail program responds by presenting the Filters menu.

Filter Messages from this Sender

The Filter Messages from this Sender option displays the Filter form that is similar to the New Filter form where you may build filter rules. In this case, it configures the filter to look in the "From" field of the message, and the filter assumes that the From field contains the e-mail address of the sender. You may, however, modify these rules.

Create Filter for this Mailing List

The Create Filter for this Mailing List option configures a new filter that uses the Send To field in the message and fills out the text option with the mailing list's address. The Filter Action gets set to "Move Messages to Folder," and you must supply the name of the folder to which messages get moved.

Note that this menu option is available only when the current message is a message to one of your mailing lists.

New Filter

The New Filter item shows a form where you may specify rules and actions for individual messages.

Filter On

This feature specifies which fields of an e-mail header should be examined for this filter. Options include "From," "To," "Cc," "Send To," and "Subject."

Filter Text

The Filter Text option specifies the exact text to match to activate the filter's action. If you had selected the From field in the Filter On option, you would type the e-mail address of the person from whom you wish to filter messages.

Filter Action

The Filter Action option specifies what to do with messages that match the filter criteria. Currently, the e-mail program supports only Move to Folder.

Folder

The Folder option shows a list of existing folders from which you may select.

Sort Messages

To change the order of the message list presentation, select Preferences from the Program Menu. You may arrange the list by date, subject, or sender. Most people prefer sorting messages by date.

To decide which messages should appear at the top of the list, select Sort Order from the Preferences form. Descending means the newest messages show at the top of the list.

RSS and Podcasts

Most websites now offer an automated way to let you keep up with the new content on that site. The new information is placed into a file called a Really Simple Syndication (RSS) feed that software can use to compare with the last time you updated. Instead of remembering to visit each of your favorite sites, you instruct RSS Reader to gather feeds from all your favorite places. You may do this at home, for instance, in the morning while you have an internet connection, then, on your commute to work, you may read the downloaded content without having to be connected to the internet.

Podcasts are special RSS feeds that contain sound files attached to each article. The Reader downloads those sound files and lets you play and manage them.

Before you read articles or listen to podcasts, you must update the content. This is called updating the feeds. To update all feeds, select Update All Feeds from the menu. Reader responds by gathering all the new content and then shows a list of the new articles. Once it has all the feeds downloaded, Reader downloads the articles in each feed so you may read them later without being connected.

When you first start the RSS reader, it shows a menu containing Feeds, Recent Articles, and Recent Podcasts. To open the Feeds item, press Right Arrow. The RSS Reader responds by opening the folder list and announcing the first item in that list.

To see a list of recently downloaded articles from all feeds, move to Recent Articles, then press Right Arrow. RSS responds with a list of articles with the newest article at the top of the list.

For a list of all podcasts, move to Recent Podcasts, then press Right Arrow. RSS responds with a list of podcasts from all feeds. It shows the most recently acquired files first.

Folder List

To move from folder to folder, press up or down arrow. RSS Reader responds by moving to the next or previous item in the list and announcing its name.

To open a folder, press Right Arrow. The Reader responds by showing a list of feeds in that folder. It may show CNN, BBC, and USA Today, for instance, in the General folder of the News folder.

To close a folder, press Left Arrow.

To download all the content for the folder, select Update Folder from the menu. Reader responds by gathering the new content for all the feeds in the selected folder.

Feed List

When you open a folder, the reader shows a list of feeds in that category.

To move from feed to feed, press up or down arrow. Reader responds by moving to the next or previous feed and announcing its title and the number of new articles in that feed.

To download content for that feed, select Update Feed from the menu. Reader downloads only the content for that feed. You may wish to use this option when you do not have time to download the content for all your feeds or if you just added a feed and wish to grab its contents.

To open a feed, press Right Arrow. Reader responds by showing a list of the articles in that feed.

To close the article list, press Left Arrow. Reader closes the list and returns to the feed list.

Article List

When you open a feed, Reader shows a list containing the articles in that feed. If the feed is a podcast, the list contains the recordings for that podcast.

To move from article to article, press up or down arrow. Reader responds by moving to the next or previous article and announcing its name along with some status information. That information differs if the article is text or audio. If it is text, Reader may add the announcement, "Article Cached" to let you know that both the headline and the content of the article are both downloaded. If the article is a sound file, Reader may say, "Marked for Download" or "Podcast." Normally, Reader marks new sound files for downloading, but you may wish to change this default behavior. If Reader already downloaded the file and it is ready to play, it announces "podcast." To toggle the mark and let Reader know to download or not download one of the files, press Select. Reader responds by marking or unmarking the file. To download any marked files, select Download Podcasts from the menu.

Summary

To read a summary of the story, press Status twice. Reader responds by announcing the summary for that article provided by the article's author or editor. The quality and usefulness of these summaries differs widely from feed to feed.

Read Story or Play Podcast: Select

To read the article or listen to the podcast, press Select. Reader says "Opening Article" and either shows the text of the article or plays the recording. If the article is text, reader begins reading. You may use all of the document navigation commands to move through the article or find text. Since the articles that the reader gathers come from web sites, there is often a certain amount of material at the top of the article that may not be related directly to the article but more to the web site. Navigation links and advertising are just two such examples of items that may appear before the text of the article begins.

To skip the non-article related material at the top of an article, use the reader's Next Paragraph command one or more times until you reach the beginning of the article. Recall too, that while the document reader is actually reading, you may use Right Arrow to skip to the next paragraph. This means that in most cases, a simple tap or two of Right Arrow gets directly to the text of the article when the document starts reading. The number of paragraphs you may need to skip varies from feed to feed, so you may need to experiment to get optimum results for a particular feed.

If the article is a podcast rather than text of an article, Reader opens the audio player and plays the sound file. If you had started listening to the file at an earlier time, Reader resumes playback at the position where you last stopped it. You may use all the audio navigation controls to navigate and control playback.

Sometimes, Reader needs to download the content before it presents it to you. If this is the case it says, "Downloading Article" and retrieves the article from its source. After the reader downloads the article, it then reads it.

Close Article: Cancel

To close a story and return to the article list, press Cancel.

Delete Article: Star

To delete an article and remove it from the article list, press Star. Reader asks, "Delete Article?" Press OK to delete the article or Cancel to keep it in the list.

Update Feeds

To gather all the new information for any of your feeds, select one of the Feed Update options in the menus. When you start out using Reader, it may be practical to use the Update All Feeds option. Depending on the number of feeds you have and the time you have to update feeds, you may be more selective about which feeds update.

Update Status

To obtain status about which feeds are updating, move to the feeds list. Reader adds status to each feed's name. It might say, for example, "CNN, Pending Feed Update" while Reader downloads other feeds before this one. As Reader begins downloading that feed, it changes the status to "Updating Feed." Once it updates the feed, Reader changes the status to show how many new articles the feed contains.

To get a more overall status about feed updates, move back to the folder containing the feed (with Left Arrow,) then press Status Twice. Reader announces the number of feeds to download, how many remain, and the number of articles it needs to cache.

Update a Single Feed

To update a single feed, highlight that feed in the feed list, and Select Update Feed from the menu. Reader immediately updates the contents for that feed, and you may begin reading stories right away.

Update a Folder

To update a single folder of feeds, move to that folder's name in the folder list, and select Update Folder from the Folder menu. Reader responds by updating all the feeds in that folder.

Stop Update

To stop a feed update or a podcast download, select Stop Feed Update or Stop Download from the menu.

Podcasts

Normally, Reader marks any new podcasts to download as it finds them during the feed update process. To download those marked files, select Download Podcasts from the menu.

Mark and Unmark

To manually mark and unmark files, move to the article list for that podcast. As you use the up and down arrow to move from article to article, in addition to the name of the article, Reader announces either "Marked for Download" or "Not Marked for Download." To change the status, press Select.

To mark or unmark the entire list of articles, select Mark all or Unmark All from the menu.

Add a New Feed

While Reader comes with a few feeds to help get you started, recognize that experimenting with new feeds makes for interesting and diverse reading. Reader's flexible techniques for managing and categorizing feeds means that when you decide a particular topic is not for you, its a snap to drop it. Likewise, if you realize the topic should be in another category, no problem.

To add a new feed,

  1. Move to the folder into which you wish the feed to be placed.
  2. Select Add New Feed from the menu. Reader responds by asking you to type the URL for the feed or a web page address that may contain one or more feed files.
  3. Type the feed address or the web page address where the feed resides.
  4. Press OK. Reader responds, "Searching for Feeds" and either adds the feed to the selected folder or presents a list of possible feeds from which to choose. You may select multiple feeds if there are more than one. Press Select on each feed you wish to add. To confirm, press OK.

When Reader adds the feed, it returns to the folder list on the selected folder.

Search Web Page for Feeds

Reader can search web pages that may contain one or more feeds. This is particularly useful when you may not know the exact address of the feed or if you just wish to see if a particular web page contains any feeds.

To search a web page for feeds, perform the same steps to add a feed, but instead of typing the exact name of the feed file, type a web page address, then press OK. Reader responds, "Searching for Feeds" and shows a list of feeds it finds on that web page. If the list has more than one possibility, use the arrows to move to the specific feed, then press Select. You may select as many as you wish. Press OK to confirm your choices.

If Reader cannot find the feed from the address you type, it asks for the address again. Some web sites may house the feeds in a folder under the main web page. The best way to find these is opening the web page in a browser, finding the feeds, then noting the URL for where those feeds are located. (On a PC, you find the URL in the browser's address bar, usually at the top of the page or in the title.)

If Reader does find the feed or feeds, it adds those feeds to the folder and returns to the folder list.

After Adding a Feed

When you add a new feed, you may wish to update its contents. Open the folder list, highlight the new feed, and select Update Feed from the menu. Reader gathers up the new articles from that feed's web site. It then indicates the status of the feed on its name on the feed list. It might say, for example, "Updating Feed" while it downloads, then "7 New Articles" when it finishes gathering the headlines.

Feed and Folder Management

As you add more and more feeds, feed and folder management becomes important. Reader lets you control most of its feed and folder related activities in the Feeds and Folder menu. This menu lets you edit, add, delete, and move feeds and folders. If you point to a folder, Reader changes the menu to perform folder functions.

Import and Export Feeds

If you already use an RSS reader or podcatcher on the PC, you may be able to use the feeds you already have set up on the PC with RSS Reader. Reader supports a commonly used file type, known as OPML, that contains lists of feeds.

To create an OPML file from a browser, RSS reader, or podcatcher running on your computer, look for that program's export function, usually on the File menu. In the Juice podcatcher, for example, the option is called Export to OPML on the File menu. In Internet Explorer, use the Import and Export option in the File menu.

Once you create the OPML file, copy it to your device, then use Reader's Import option to bring all those feeds into the program.

Before importing a list of feeds, decide where you want them. If you make a mistake, it is easy to move or delete the files, but it is easier to put them in the right place from the beginning. One method of isolating a list of feeds is creating a folder and adding the feeds to that folder. If you want all the feeds from the OPML file to appear at the top level and not in a folder, just point to the Feeds item.

To import a list of feeds from an OPML file, move to the folder where you wish to import the feeds, then select Import Folder from the Folder menu. Reader responds by presenting the file locator form. Browse to the OPML file you wish to import and press OK. Reader adds all the feeds from that OPML file into the selected folder.

To export a list of feeds, move to the folder to export, then select Export Folder from the folder menu. Reader asks you to name and place the export file. To export all Reader's folders, move all the way left until you get to the Feeds folder, then select Export from the Folder menu.

Add Folder

If you add many feeds, you may find it beneficial to categorize them. Categorization helps with both updating content and finding what you wish to read.

To add a new folder, move to the folder into which you wish to put the new one. If you wanted to add Sports, for example, to the main folder list, move left all the way to the Feeds folder. If, instead, you wanted it in the News folder, move to News on the main folder list. Next, select Add Folder from the Folders menu. Reader responds by asking you to type the name you desire for the new folder. Type the name, then press OK. Reader creates the new folder and returns to where you were.

Move Feed or Folder

Sometimes, when you subscribe to a feed, you may not know where to categorize it until you read the contents for a while. When you discover that a feed belongs in a different category, point to that feed and open the Feeds menu. Select Move Feed. Reader responds with the feed list again, but now, as you move from feed to feed with the up or down arrows, it announces "After" and the feed name to let you know where it will put the feed to be moved. You may open a different folder or feed list. When you find the place where you want the feed or folder, press OK.

To cancel the move, press Cancel.

Delete Feed or Folder

Not every feed you subscribe to is going to be what you expect or even want. Feel free to delete that feed if it does not meet your needs. (No one's feelings will get hurt if you unsubscribe from their feed.) Deleting a feed means Reader will not download that feed any more.

To delete a feed or a folder, move to the feed or folder, then select Delete from the Feeds or Folders menu. Reader responds by removing the feed or folder and all its contents from your system.

Maintenance

Sound recordings are large files, and if measures are not taken to purge unwanted material, they could fill up the hard drive. It is for this reason that the reader manages downloads and automatically deletes old files. The number of files the program keeps and the length of time it keeps them is configurable.

To adjust the settings that control downloading and deletion, select Settings from the menu. If you wish to adjust the settings for just one feed, select Settings while in that feed. To adjust default settings that apply to any future feeds, use left arrow until pointing to a folder, then select Settings from the program menu.

When you pick Settings, Reader shows a form with settings for caching articles, maximum number of articles, days to keep articles, and more. While the default settings provide most people with a reasonable experience, they do assume some things about the feeds and the user's behavior. If you subscribe to dozens of podcasts, for example, you may wish to lower the number of podcasts Reader keeps before deleting them.

Do You Want to Download Articles for Offline Reading

When set to Yes, this option downloads both the contents and the contents of each new article in a feed. Reader starts with the summaries, then it begins caching by downloading the contents of each article. Reader indicates that an article is cached by saying, "Article Cached" after the article's name.

If set to No, this option means that reader will not download the article content until you ask for it by pressing Select at the article name. Since Reader must contact the web page to download the article contents, you must be connected to the internet at the time you wish to read the article.

Maximum Number of Articles Per Feed

This option lets you decide how many articles you keep before Reader begins deleting old ones. If set to 50, which is the default, Reader begins deleting the oldest articles whenever there are more than 50 of them.

Number of Days to Keep Articles

To automatically delete old articles, type a number representing the number of days to maintain them. Reader automatically deletes any article older than this number of days.

Mark New Podcasts for Download Automatically

To automatically mark new podcasts for downloading, set this option to Yes. If you prefer to look at the podcast to see if it interests you before deciding to download it, set this to No. If you do decide to download one of interest, highlight its name, and press Select. Reader responds "Marked for Download." The next time you select Download Podcasts from the menu, Reader downloads all the marked files.

You must select Download Podcasts whether or not you set the files to be marked automatically.

Maximum Number of New Podcasts To Mark for Download

To limit the number of files you download, especially if you download infrequently, set this to a low number.

Automatically Download Podcasts after Feeds are Updated

Normally, the RSS Reader does not automatically download podcasts after it completes a feed update. Selecting Yes on this option, however, changes this behavior. When set to Yes, RSS Reader begins automatically downloading any podcasts that became available during the feed update process.

Default List Template and Status

Reader lets you customize what is announced as you move through the list of articles. This customization is accomplished by letting you decide what is displayed in the list or what is 10:56 9/11/2009 announced when you use the Status command.

The options are:

You may either type the key word into the string, or you may select the key words from the program menu. For more information about how templates work, see Template Editor.

More About Preferences

When you add a new feed to a folder, that feed inherits your preferences about feeds and folder properties. To set your preferences, use Left Arrow in the Feeds and Articles lists until you point to a folder. Next, select Settings from the program menu. Adjusting these characteristics, including the templates, means that any new feed inherits these settings.

Twitter

Twitter is a blogging and social network service that lets you create or subscribe to short text messages from people or companies of interest to you. These short messages are called tweets, and they can be anything the author wishes to write to the question, "What are you doing now?" Normally, you might think that such a service would not be too exciting or interesting, but when you consider that many interesting individuals (like Steve Jobbs) and companies tweet, following their updates can provide some great education and entertainment.

To get started tweeting or following other tweeters, go to the twitter.com web site and sign up for a free account. You may also wish to browse or search for an interesting tweet or two to begin following.

Once you create an account on twitter.com, start the Twitter application from the applications menu on the mobile manager. If you have not already configured the Twitter application, as will be the case the first time you run it, the program shows a menu with four options.

  1. Try Logging on Again.

    Use this option if you have already configure but are having trouble logging in. This can happen occasionally if you have a spotty network connection or if the Twitter.com web site is having difficulties for some reason.

  2. Go to Twitter.com to request a Personal Identification Number (PIN).

    Twitter.com requires applications, like the one running on your mobile manager, to get permission to read and write the tweets from its web site. When you select this option, the web browser opens to the twitter.com page that requests permission. Log into the site with your twitter ID and password, then click the Allow button to give the mobile manager permission to use Twitter's services.

    Once you click Allow, Twitter shows a new page that contains a seven digit personal number that you must enter back in the mobile manager's Twitter client. Write this number down, because twitter.com only accepts one chance to enter it correctly.

    Once you have written down the seven gigit PIN, go back to the Twitter client on your mobile manager. You may do so by pressing the Applications key and typing 44.

    The twitter client shows the same menu again.

  3. Enter the PIN.

    Select this menu option once you've visited the twitter.com web site and retrieved permission and a PIN. When you select this option, the twitter client provides a place to type the number. Enter it, then press OK.

The Tweet List

The main screen of Twitter shows a list of tweets in reverse chronological order of all the people who you follow. Use the up and down arrows to move from tweet to tweet. Since tweets are short messages, you get the entire tweet right in the main menu. Each tweet consists of two or three parts. These parts are the person's name, the tweet, and optionally a URL that you may follow for more information. (People often tweet about articles of interest and may include a link to the original along with their commentary.

Follow a Link

To follow a link in a tweet, point to that tweet, then select Follow Link from the program menu. Twitter responds by opening the Web Browser to the URL in that tweet.

Next or Previous 20 Tweets

The main screen shows 20 tweets at a time. To see the next 20, press Page Down or select Next from the program menu. To see the previous 20, press Page Up or select Previous from the program menu.

Post a Message

There are a few ways to post a tweet to your twitter account.

First, in the Twitter application, select Post Message from the Message menu. Twitter responds with an edit area in which you may type your message. Press OK to send it.

Secondly, you may pick Send Link to Twitter from the program menu in the RSS reader. The RSS reader responds by showing an edit field in which you may type your comment. The RSS reader then adds the URL of the article to which you refer to the tweet.

Third, you may respond to another person's tweet from the Twitter application. Select Reply from the Twitter program Message menu.

See All of a User's Tweets

To focus on all the messages from a user, point to a message from that user, then press Select. Twitter responds by showing only messages from that user. To return to the home view, select Home from the program menu.

Add Friend

When you follow a friend, the tweets from that person show up in your main list of tweets.

To follow a friend, point to a message from that person, then select Add Friend from the program menu.

Who is Following

To see who is following you or another user, show the tweets from that user, then select Following from the program menu under Views. You may add any of these people to who you follow by selecting Add Friend from the program menu.

Internet Radio Tuner

While the music player serves as a convenient way to play your personal collection of music, you may also wish to consider some of the thousands of internet radio stations from around the world to help broaden and expand your listening experience.

To tune into internet radio stations, select Tuner from the Internet menu or pick the Tuner from Music Player's main menu. The tuner responds with a new menu that lets you decide how to tune in or find the station of interest. Note that you must have an active internet connection to use Tuner, and depending on the speed of that connection, it may take tuner a second or two to gather up the list of stations.

The Tuner menu includes

The first time you use the tuner, the Recent Stations menu list will not contain any information, but once you use the tuner to find topics of interest, the Recent Stations and Presets prove the most effective method for returning to favorites.

To move to each of the menu options, press up or down arrow. Tuner responds by moving to the new menu item, announcing its name, then showing any selection in that menu. If, for example, you pressed Down Arrow to move to the Genres item, Tuner says, "Genres" and the name of the first genre in the list of genres.

To select one of the options for each menu, press left or right arrow. Tuner responds by announcing the new selection for that menu option.

To select the option or play the station, press Select. Once the station begins playing, you may still use right and left arrow to tune to other stations in the current menu.

Select a Genre

To browse the list of Genres, select Genre from the Tuner menu. Music Player uses the Shoutcast radio service, so there is a list of several hundred genres from which to choose. Select the genre of interest and press Select or Down Arrow. Music Player responds with a list of stations in that genre.

Select a Station

Once Music Player opens the station list for the selected genre, use left or right arrow to find the station of interest, then press Select to play it. Music Player responds by playing the selected station.

Play Options

Once a station is playing, Music Player offers additional things you may do with the station. You may, for example, pause and resume playback, skip to the previous or next station, and add the station to a preset to make it easier to find again.

Most internet radio stations stream their content. This means that like a real radio, you will not be able to press Right Arrow to move to the next track. Most stations do not contain multiple tracks, but for those that do, you may use Pound+Right Arrow and Pound+Left Arrow to move back and forth through the tracks.

Pressing Select pauses the stream playback, and pressing Select again resumes the stream playback right where you left off.

Tune Previous or Next Station: Left or Right Arrow

Once the audio player starts playing a station, you may use left or right arrow to move to the previous or next station for the list in which you selected. In other words, if you selected the 70's genre and started playing a station in that genre, pressing left or right arrow moves to the previous or next station in that genre list and plays it. Similarly, if you selected Presets from the Tuner menu, the left and right arrows move from station to station in that list while the player is active.

Save Station to Presets

When you find a station you particularly enjoy, consider saving that station into the tuner's presets. Saving a station into the presets makes that station easier to find in the future. To put the currently playing station into the preset list, select Save Station to Preset from the program menu.

Presets

After you see the number of genres and the number of stations in each genre, it is easy to understand why you need presets. Stations in the preset list are easy to find and start.

Tuning a Preset

To tune a station in the Preset list, use up or down arrow to move to the Presets item on the Tuner menu. Next, use left or right arrow to move to the station of interest in the playback list, then press Select to begin playback of the selected station.

Make New Custom Station

In addition to populating the Presets list with stations you find from the stations lists, you may instruct Tuner to add a playlist you find on the internet.

To add a preset not already in the list of stations, follow these steps:

Recent Stations

The volume of available radio stations makes it necessary to have a way to return to stations you find without having to go through the entire list of genres and stations. It is for this reason that the tuner creates a menu item called Recent Stations in which the last 50 stations you listened to are stored.

Delete Station List

To delete the entire list of presets or recent stations, use up or down arrow to move to the presets or recent stations, then select Delete Station List from the menu.

Search

The internet tuner lets you search for stations that contain a word or phrase. To search for a station, select Search from the program menu, then type the text to find. The tuner creates a new, temporary genre with the name of your search term and populates its list of stations with all the stations that match the search.

Delete Genre or Station

To delete a genre or station from the list, move to that station or genre, then select Delete from the menu. That station or genre disappears from the list. To restore any deleted stations or genres, select Undelete from the menu.

Undelete

To return the station and genre list back to the defaults, select Undelete from the program menu.

Customize Status

Many programs, including Music Player, Twitter, Calendar, and RSS let you customize what shows up in the status message or what shows up as you move from item to item. The program accomplishes this by using a template that contains key words that get replaced with real information from the program. The default status template for Music Player, for example, might be "artist title." When you press the Status command, Music Player replaces the words artist and title with the artist's name and the title of the currently playing track. But you may prefer additional information or you may prefer the information in a different order.

To edit the template, select the appropriate option from the Program menu. (Some programs may offer more than one template to edit such as one for the status command and one for items in a list.)

When the Template Editor appears, it shows you an edit area where you may type keywords that get replaced with information the program knows. The template to edit gets filled in with the current value of the template, so it is easy to edit. Each program supports its own set of key words, and those key words are available from the Program menu while you edit the template.

To customize what shows up in the template, you may edit the template by typing in the key words and other words that you may wish, or you may insert the key words from the Program menu. Remember that the templates support the use of other words as well, but of course, those words just get displayed as typed and do not get replaced with any information from the program. Such non-key words may be useful to provide extra information. You may, for example, want to use the word Artist before the artist name, so it is easier to distinguish among the different portions of information the program offers. Key words are case sensitive, so even though "artist" is a key word in Music Player templates, you may have Music Player use the word artist by spelling the word with a capital letter. The following template, assuming a Jim Croce song is playing, produces the message "Artist: Jim Croce" when you make the template "Artist: artist."

To discover what key words are available for a particular program, open the template editor for that program, then look at the items in the Program menu while editing the template.

To insert a key word into the template edit area, follow these steps:

More Internet Radio

Music Player supports both .pls and m3u playlists, and many internet radio stations use these playlists for music transmission. You may run across such files while using the browser to discover radio stations at websites other than Shoutcast. As long as the station uses either mp3 or ogg as its file type, Music Player should have no trouble playing the streams.

When you download a pls or m3u file, you may use File Explorer to find and start playing such a list of songs. Music Player also contains support for reading the tags from such streams, so you may use the information list or the Announce Status menu option to have Music Player announce the track information dynamically just like a disk jockey if you wish.

For a good place to start experimenting with internet radio, see www.live365.com or www.shoutcast.com.

When you select one of the links to play a station, Web Browser lets you open or save the file. Save the file to a known location on your hard drive, then use File Explorer to pick the station to use. You may even wish to create an internet radio folder on the drive and save the play list files to that folder for easier use.

Note that playing streaming radio requires an internet connection.

Tools Menu

The Tools menu provides a wealth of powerful tools including a word processor, planner, calculator, stopwatch, and recorder.

Word Processor

The Word Processor lets you write, read, edit, and print documents of various types.

To start Word Processor, select it from the Tools menu, or dial 51 from the Applications menu. The word processor starts, and it gives you a blank document in which to type. You may begin writing immediately.

The word processor works like any standard editor. You may use the normal document navigation commands to move, find, or select text. Unlike documents restricted to reading, you may also write and delete text in the Word Processor.

Braille Expansion

When editing a document with a braille display, notice that the word processor automatically expands the word under the cursor. This expansion lets you edit the individual letters in a word that may be represented by a symbol in braille. If you are using the word processor just for reading and don't wish to expand the word under the cursor, you may suppress this feature by changing the document to a read-only document by pressing Ctrl+E. Press Ctrl+E again to turn off the read-only status of the document and return to current word expansion.

Inserting Text

To insert text, move the cursor to the place where the desired text is to be placed, then either paste or type it.

Depending on the feedback settings you use, the word processor speaks the characters or words you type or the braille display indicates the newly typed material, and the text behind the cursor automatically moves to make room for the new text.

New Line: OK

To enter a new line, use the OK key. Press OK twice to mark paragraphs.

Delete Text

Word Processor deletes text in several ways.

Backspace

Backspacing, next to typing itself, is probably the most common action for any typing program. Backspacing is used to erase a character you just typed that you know is incorrect.

To backspace, press Star. Word Processor responds by saying the character you delete, then deleting the character.

Delete Character at Cursor: Delete

To delete text as part of a larger edit than just backspacing to correct a typing mistake, it is more convenient to delete in a forward direction. That way, as Word Processor announces the letters you delete, you get a sense of the word by its spelling. (This is tough to do backwards.)

To delete the character under the cursor, press Delete or D-Chord. Word Processor deletes the character at the cursor and announces the new character at the cursor.

Delete Word: Ctrl+D

To delete an entire word, move the cursor to the word you wish to delete, then press Ctrl+D.

Delete Blocks

Sometimes, especially when there is a lot of text to delete, it is easier to mark a selection, then delete the selection.

As explained in the Document Navigation discussion, you mark text in a two step process. First, move to the beginning of the text to select and press Alt+M to set the text marker. Next, move to the end of the block. The text between the mark and your cursor is selected.

To delete the selected text, press Ctrl+D or pick Delete Selected Text from the Edit menu.

Delete Paragraph: Ctrl+Y

While Word Processor supports deleting a block of text with the use of selected text, there are some common blocks that the program lets you delete without specifically marking that block. The most common such block of text is the paragraph. To delete an entire paragraph, move the cursor to the paragraph, then press Ctrl+Y.

Attributes

Word Processor supports several attributes. These include bold, italics, and underlining. You may also consider braille as an attribute. To turn on an attribute, press its corresponding key or select some text, then press its key. To turn the attribute off, press its key again. Word Processor responds in one of two ways, depending on whether you had selected text before using the attribute command key, or not.

If you had not selected any text, it announces, for example, "Bold On" and assigns each character you type from then on as a bold character. Press the command key again, and Word Processor says, "Bold Off" and returns to normal text for typing.

If you had selected text, Word Processor applies the selected attribute to the selected text.

Underline: Ctrl+U

To underline text, use Ctrl+U.

Bold: Ctrl+B

To bold text, press Ctrl+B.

Italics: Ctrl+I

To italicize text, press Ctrl+I.

Braille: Ctrl+L

To switch braille on or off, press Ctrl+L. Word Processor switches braille on or off and announces "Braille On" or "Braille Off." When Braille is on, you may type in contracted Braille. When it is off, you must use computer braille or type on the telephone keypad or an external QWERTY keyboard.

Word Processor lets you set independent voices to represent the plain text, bold, underlined, italicized, and braille parts of the document.

Determine Attributes of Character At Cursor: Status

To determine the attributes of the character at the cursor, press Status. Word Processor responds by showing any attributes applied to the character at the cursor.

Make Document Read Only: Ctrl+E

Sometimes, you may wish to ensure that you don't accidentally type a character into the document you're reading. To turn the current document to read-only, press Ctrl+E. Word processor responds, "Read Only" and no longer lets you type text into the document. To turn off the Read-only status, press Ctrl+E again. Word processor responds, "Not read only" and lets you type text again.

Center Text

Word Processor lets you align paragraphs either to the left, centered, or to the right. To align a paragraph, move to the paragraph to align and pick Paragraph Properties from the Edit menu. Word Processor shows the Properties form. The first item on the form is Alignment. These options dictate how the paragraph is aligned on the page when the document is printed. Use the left or right arrows to change the paragraph's alignment. Press OK to accept the change.

Replace: Ctrl+R

To replace text, press Ctrl+R or pick Replace from the Edit menu. Word Processor responds by asking for some information about what to find and replace in the Replace Form. The Replace Form is very similar to the Find Form.

Search String

Type the text to find here.

Replace String

Type the text to replace with here.

Start Replacement: OK

To begin to replace the text as specified in the Replace Form, press OK. Word Processor responds by finding the first place where the search string occurs, reading the line containing the string, and presenting the replacement form again. The last three options are Replace, Replace All, and Next.

To replace the single instance of the search string, move to the Replace option and press Select.

To replace all occurrences of the string, move to the Replace All option and press Select.

To leave this occurrence of the search string and continue to the next one, move to the Next option and press Select.

To cancel the replacement procedure, press Cancel.

Spell Check

The word processor features one of the most powerful and accessible spell checking systems available.

To begin spell checking a document, decide if you want to start the check from the cursor position or from the beginning of the document. To check from the cursor, pick Check Spelling from Cursor on the Edit menu. To check the entire document no matter where the cursor is located, pick Check Spelling from the Edit menu. In either case, Word Processor starts checking the document. When it finds a word not in its dictionary, Word Processor spells the question word and shows the Spell Options Form. This form contains several options relevant to the task of spell checking.

Suggestions

The first option on the Spell Check Form is a list of suggestions for the word in question. Use left or right arrow to pick the appropriate word. Word Processor moves to the next or previous word in the list, says it, then spells it. If the spell checker does not make an appropriate suggestion, you may have mangled the spelling too badly to make an intelligent suggestion. In this case, pick Edit Here from the Spell Check Form. Word Processor lets you manually change the spelling in the document.

When you find the correct spelling for the word, press down arrow to go to the next option on the form.

Change Spelling

When you find a suggestion that is spelled correctly, you may select to change just that occurrence of the word or to change all instances of that word in the document. To change just this instance, select Change from the Spell Check Form. To change all instances, pick Change Remaining.

Sometimes, even though you have spelled a word correctly, the spell checker may not know the word. If the word is one in common use, you may wish to add it to the dictionary. Such words like uncommon place or proper names are the most likely candidates for such treatment. To add the word to the dictionary, select the Add option on the Spell Check Form.

If the word is one not in common use, you may prefer to ignore the word. You may either ignore a single instance of that word or all instances in the document. To ignore this instance, pick Ignore Once. To ignore the remaining instances of that word, pick Ignore Remaining.

To cancel the spell check, press Cancel.

Whichever selection you make, the spell checker performs the requested task and continues looking for additional misspelled words.

Save Document: Ctrl+S

To save the document, press Ctrl+S or pick Save from the File menu. Word Processor either immediately saves the file or, if you haven't already named it, asks for a name for the file by showing the Save Document Form.

Save Document Form

Any time an application saves a file, it shows the Save Document Form. This form lets you pick where to save the file, what to name the file, and in what format the file should be saved.

Location

The first thing to decide when saving a file is where to put it. The Save Document Form shows a menu of locations from which to choose.

Use up or down arrow to move from location to location. The program responds by moving to the new location and announcing its name. The contents of the location list depends on what you have connected to your device. Normally, there are only two options, Hard Drive and Internal Flash Disk. If you have a mini SD card in the slot, that location is an option as well. Similarly, if you have an external drive or USB stick connected to the USB port, it offers those as options, too.

To open the location and pick a folder in which to save the file, press Right Arrow at the desired location. The program responds by showing a list of the folders at that location. Use up or down arrow to pick a folder in which to store the file. If you wish to store the file at the main level of the location, press Left Arrow until you back out to the location list.

Confirm Location: OK

Once you find the location where you wish to save the file, press OK. The word processor responds by asking for the name you wish to assign to the file. Type the desired name and press OK. Word Processor responds by asking for the file type.

File Type

The word processor supports several file types for both reading and writing. This makes it easy to share documents with friends or co-workers who may be working on other kinds of devices. Word Processor supports LevelStar Document Format (ldf), Microsoft Word 97/2000/XP (doc), Rich Text Format (rtf), Text (txt), and Braille ASCII Format (brf). The format you choose depends on what you plan to do with the document. If you are using it strictly on the device or don't plan on sharing it with others, use the default LDF format. It is the most rich and offers the ability to use braille and text both in the same document.

If you plan to share the document with a coworker using Word on the PC or Mac, use the doc format. Text is the most universal (and simple) format.

Close: Cancel

To close the word processor, press Cancel. If any of the documents in use has not been saved, the program prompts you to either save or discard the changes.

Save As

To save a document with a different name or in another location, pick Save As from the file menu. Word Processor requests a new location and name and then saves the file.

Open File: Ctrl+O

To open an existing file, press Ctrl+O or pick Open from the File menu. Word Processor shows the Select a Document Form.

The Select a Document Form acts much like the Save Document Form. It begins by asking you to pick the location. It announces the folder name and presents a list of files in that folder. To find the file to open from the list, press up or down arrow. To close the folder, press Left Arrow.

To open the selected file, press OK.

Work with Multiple Documents

Word Processor lets you work with as many documents at a time as you wish. To open a new document in which to write, pick New from the File menu, or press Ctrl+N. Word Processor opens a new, blank document space in which to type.

To switch to another open document, pick Switch Open on the File menu. Word Processor shows a list of all the open documents. Use up or down arrow to find the desired document, then press Select to open it. Word Processor switches to that document and puts your cursor at the position where it was when you switched away from it.

Close Document

To close the current document without closing the word processor, pick Close Document from the file menu. Word Processor either closes the document and returns you to the previous document, or it confirms that you wish to save the file (if you had made any changes to it) before closing.

Recent Files

Each time you open a file, the word processor or bookshelf keeps track of that file's name and location and adds the information to the Recent Files menu item. To open any of these previously used files, press the menu key, select Recent Files. Word Processor responds with a list of the nine most recent files on which you worked with the latest file at the top of the list. Use Up and Down arrow to find the file of interest, then press Select to open it.

As you continually open files, the latest file gets added to the top of the list, and the older file names eventually get replaced with the more recently used document names.

About Braille

Word Processor supports braille in a number of ways.

Reverse Translate

You may save a braille file as plain text. This is usually needed if you had written a document in braille and now wish to pass it on to a sighted coworker. To reverse translate the text, save the document as text.

Translate

Word Processor lets you translate a plain text file into contracted braille. To translate a file, save it as a brf file. Word Processor contracts the plain text into contracted, grade II braille and saves the text in the specified file.

Print Document: Ctrl+P

To print the current document, select Print Document from the File menu. The Word Processor presents the Print form where you may select the printer to use, fonts, spacing, and a number of other parameters.

To print a file from File Browser, including PDF files, see Print File from the File Browser's program menu.

Print Form

Whenever you request the mobile manager to print a file, weather that file is an open document in the Word Processor or a supported file that is selected in the File Browser, the device shows the Print form.

The Print form lets you select or add printers, print to a PDF file, and set various aspects of the printing job.

Printer Selection

The first field on the Print form is the printer selection. In addition to selecting the printer to use, this field lets you add additional printers to the list or to use a PDF file as the printer.

Use left or right arrow to select the printer to use or select Add Printer to add a new printer to the list.

Print to PDF

Selecting Print to PDF creates a Portable Document Format (PDF) file that you may use to share with others or to print on other devices such as a PC.

When you select Print to PDF, the File Browser form appears to let you select the location and name of the file to create.

Font

Use left and right arrow to select the desired font. The printer subsystem currently supports only one font per document. There are 14 fonts from which to choose.

Font Size

Use the left and right arrows to select the font size. Available sizes range from 8 point to 72 point.

Line Spacing

Select from 1 (single spacing), 1.5, or 2 (double spacing.)

Number of Copies

Type the number of copies to print.

Begin Printing: OK

To begin printing, press OK. The mobile manager prepares the document in the background, so you may continue working while it prints.

To check the status of your print job, press the Status command by pressing the Status key twice quickly.

Cancel Printing

To cancel printing, select Cancel Printing from the menu. This menu option is available only during the printing process and replaces the Print Document or Print File menu.

Calendar

One of the benefits of custom software designed for blind users is the unparalleled accessibility. Calendar and alarm applications are particularly difficult to use effectively on a PC. The Calendar in the Tools menu, on the other hand, is a pleasure to manipulate. You may move through your calendar by appointment, day, week, month, or year, and all with appropriate speech or braille feedback.

To open the Calendar, select Calendar from the Tools menu or press Select on the Appointments item in the Status menu. In either case, Calendar opens and shows you today's date and the number of appointments for that day.

Explore the Calendar

To explore the calendar, use the up and down arrows to decide how much to move--by years, months, weeks, days, or by appointments, then use the left and right arrows to actually move. When Calendar starts, it puts you in the "By Days" view.

To move to the next day, press Right Arrow. To move to the previous day, press Left Arrow. Calendar responds by showing the new date and the number of appointments for that date. At any date, press another Down Arrow to see the appointments on that and future dates.

Appointments at a Glance

To examine all your appointments, press Down Arrow until Calendar says, "By Appointments." Next, use Right Arrow to move from appointment to appointment.

View an Appointment

To view the details of an appointment, move to that appointment, then press Select or choose View Appointment from the Program menu. Calendar opens the appointment so you may examine all the details about the appointment, read notes, or check any attachments to the appointment. If you view an appointment that repeats, Calendar asks if you wish to view this occurrence or if you want to view the entire series.

Edit Appointment

To edit an appointment, move to the appointment of interest, then select Edit from the Program menu. Calendar shows the Edit Appointment form where you may change any characteristics of the appointment.

Delete Appointment

To delete an appointment, move to the appointment of interest, then select Delete Appointment from the Program menu.

Jump to Date

To jump directly to a specific date in the calendar, select Jump to Date from the Program menu. Calendar asks you to type the date to which you wish to move. Type the date and press OK. Calendar responds by moving to that date in the calendar.

Add Appointment

There are several ways to add appointments to your calendar..

If you are an Outlook user, perhaps the most useful way to get appointments into Planner is with the Synchronization utility that comes on the program CD.

In addition to adding appointments from Outlook, you may add appointments directly from Calendar.

To add an appointment, press the menu key and select Add an Appointment. Calendar responds by showing a form that requests information about the new appointment.

Subject

Type the subject of the appointment. Calendar shows this subject as you browse appointments.

Location

Type the place, if any, where this appointment occurs.

Start Date

Type the date of the new appointment. Planner provides the current date as the default, so if you move ahead in the By Date view to the date of interest, the Planner uses that date.

Time

Enter the time of the appointment. Use two digits for the hour and two for the minute. Use Pound to toggle from AM to PM.

Time Zone

Normally, appointments are located in the same time zone in which you live. If, however, you have a meeting in another time zone, select the time zone of the location where the meeting occurs.

Duration

Type the length of the appointment. Calendar uses this information to help prevent conflicts in your schedule.

You may type the length in several ways. Typing a two digit number indicates minutes. Typing a three digit number indicates hours and minutes, so 120 would be 1 hour and 20 minutes. You may also add the words "days," "hours," or "minutes" to your number like this: 1 day or 3 days.

How Often Does the Appointment Repeat

By default, Calendar assumes that appointments do not repeat, but it is quite flexible about scheduling a series of appointments, too. Use left and right arrow to select the kind of repeating you desire.

If you select a repeating appointment, the New Appointment form also requests the number of units to skip. If, for example, you selected Weekly, the form might ask "Repeats Every How Many Weeks." To set an appointment that repeats every week, type 1; for appointments that repeat every other week, type 2.

End Date

Calendar lets you set when repeating appointments stop. Normally, the End Date is set to "No End Date." This means the appointment repeats forever.

Use left or right arrow to select other options. You may also choose Number of Recurrences to Repeat or Repeat Until this Date. If you select either of the latter two options, the New Appointment form presents another option on the next line where you may type either the number of times to repeat or the date when the repeating appointment ends.

Repeats On

If creating a repeating appointment, you must check the days of the week that the appointment should happen.

Description

Type a detailed description of the appointment if desired.

Busy

The Appointment Busy option prevents you from scheduling another appointment that conflicts with this one. Press left or right arrow to change the busy status.

If you schedule an appointment that conflicts with an existing appointment, Calendar presents a list of conflicts and lets you decide what to do, if anything, about each of them.

Alarm

The Alarm selection lets you set the kind of alarm to use to alert you about the appointment. Your choices are No Alarm, Custom, Save Time as Appointment, 5 Minutes, 10 Minutes, and 15 Minutes. The Custom Alarm option lets you type in the exact number of minutes before the appointment time that the unit should notify you. The Save Time as Alarm option makes the alarm sound at the appointment time. The other options let you get notified 5, 10, or 15 minutes prior to the appointment.

Confirm the Appointment

When you complete the New Appointment form, press OK to confirm the appointment. Calendar checks your schedule and, if it determines there are conflicts, presents a list of appointments that conflict with the new appointment.

Conflict Resolution

The Conflicts list appears when you set an appointment that conflicts with other appointments with the Busy status. It consists of a list with each item representing a date with one or more appointments.

There are four actions you may apply to a conflicting appointment or list of appointments.

If the list contains numerous items, you may wish to change the new appointment so that it does not conflict with as many other appointments. To go back to the New Appointment form and alter the date or time of the original appointment, press Cancel.

The second thing you can do with a list of conflicts is accept them. To accept the appointment with all its conflicts, press OK.

In addition to rescheduling and accepting the appointment, you may change or delete individual occurrences of the new appointment. Note that you may not change an existing appointment.

To reschedule an instance of a conflict in a list of repeating appointments, move to the date of the conflict, then select Reschedule Occurrence from the Program menu. Calendar presents the Resolve Conflict form where you may change the date or time of that occurrence. Use the normal procedure to alter one or both these items, then press OK to return to the Conflicts list or back to the Calendar if there are no more conflicts.

To delete an occurrence of a new appointment, select Delete occurrence from the Program menu. The Conflicts List removes that occurrence of the new appointment and returns to the conflicts list if there are still conflicts or back to the calendar if the conflicts are all resolved.

About Alarms

The calendar's alarms take precedence over everything in the system. Even if the machine is off when an alarm occurs, Calendar wakes up the machine and sounds the alarm.

Display Old Appointments

Calendar normally imports only appointments 90 days old or newer. This helps speed up the synchronization process. If you wish to synchronize all appointments from Outlook, select Display Old Appointments from the Settings menu and set it to "Yes."

If Display Old Appointments is set to No, the next item on the Settings form lets you specify the number of days Calendar should look back when synchronizing.

Customize Status

You may customize what Calendar speaks or what it displays on a braille display.

To customize Calendar's appointment announcements, select Settings from the Program menu. Calendar responds with another menu that contains Speaking Braille Template, Status Template, Template and Today's Appointment Template. The speaking template lets you customize what gets spoken or displayed as you move from item to item with speech feedback.

The Braille Template lets you put the most important parts of the appointment at the beginning of the display.

The Status Template customizes what Calendar speaks or displays when you press the Status command.

The Today's Appointments customizes what gets announced when you move to the Appointments option in the Status menu.

For complete information on how to change or edit these templates, see Template Editor.

Import and Export

Calendar supports the importation and exportation of iCal files. To import an iCal file, select Import from the menu, then point to the iCal file to import. To export appointments for use in another calendar program, select Export from the menu.

Voice Recorder

In addition to serving as an accessible audio player, the mobile manager makes an excellent recorder. You may record sounds from voice notes to musical compositions.

Voice Notes

Your device distinguishes between quick voice notes and more precise recordings. When making a voice note, the quick recorder uses recording settings that insure you always get a great recording, although you may never get the absolute best recording possible. To insure you get a good recording, the recorder application always uses the internal microphone, it uses the automatic gain control, and it records to flash memory.

To record a voice note, press and hold the Record key on the left side. The unit responds with a beep while it loads the recorder application and announces, "Begin Recording" to let you know it is ready. Record your note, talking into the microphone where the telephone mouthpiece would be located, then press Cancel to stop.

Voice Recorder

The voice recorder lets you make and manage high quality recordings.

To start Voice Recorder, select it from the Tools menu, or dial 53.

Recordings List

When Voice Recorder starts, it shows a list of the recordings you have made. If there are no recordings, it says, "Empty List." Use up or down arrow to move from recording to recording. Recorder moves to the next recording in the indicated direction and says the name of the file. When you make a recording, Voice Recorder gives the recording a name based on the date and time, but you may rename the files.

File Location

Voice recorder lets you store recordings in one of three places, on the hard disk, in internal flash memory, or on an external mini Secure Digital (SD) card. The files are stored in the recordings folder in each place.

To change the location of recordings, press left or right arrow. Voice Recorder changes to the new location, announces the location's name, and shows the list of recordings in that location.

Start Recording: OK

To make a new recording, press OK. Voice recorder starts a recording file in the location you selected with the left or right arrow and it uses the source, quality, and recording level you select in the Settings form. The recorder records to mp3 files.

Pause and Resume Recording: Select

While recording, you may press Select to pause and/or resume recording.

Change the Record Levels: Up Arrow and Down Arrow

To change the recording levels during a recording, use up or down arrow. Voice Recorder changes the level and announces a number representing the new level. The numbers range from 0 to 63.

Clip Indicator

If the signal in your recording clips, the unit vibrates to alert you of the clip condition. If clipping occurs, consider reducing the recording level or move further away from the source.

Stop Recording: Cancel

To stop recording, press Cancel. Voice Recorder stops the recording, says "OK," returns to the list of recordings, and announces the name of the first recording in the list. The first recording is the one you just made.

Play: Select

To play the recording to which you point, press Select. Voice Recorder starts the audio player. Once playback starts, use the standard audio controls to control and navigate the recording. Hold down Left Arrow or Right Arrow to navigate through the recording. Press Cancel to stop the playback and return to the list of recordings.

Delete: Star

To delete the recording, press Star or pick Delete from the menu. Voice Recorder asks you to verify that you really wish to delete the file. Press OK to confirm the deletion or press Cancel if you change your mind.

Rename Recording

To rename a recording, press the menu key and select Rename. Voice Recorder asks you to type the new name for the recording. Type the name and press OK. Recorder renames the file and returns to the list.

Settings

To set recording options, press the menu key and select Recording Settings. The program presents a form that lets you set the quality of the recording, select the source of the sound (internal verses external microphone), and set the recording level.

Recording Quality

To change the quality of the recording, press the left or right arrows. Recorder lets you select any quality from Voice Low Quality (16 KBPS 11.025 kHz all the way to Music, Highest Quality 320 KBPS, 44.1 kHz, Stereo). The higher the quality, the better the sound, but the more disk space the recording takes.

Recording Source

Recorder lets you select between using the internal, built-in microphone or a set of stereo microphones. Use left and right arrow to select the appropriate recording source.

You get the best recordings from plugin power condenser microphones with 3.5 MM jacks as are used on other portable digital recorders. You may also improve the quality of recordings with the use of a microphone preamp which lets you turn the device's input levels down to a place that minimizes noise.

Recording Level

The recording level instructs Recorder how sensitive to be when recording sounds. If you make the recording level too high, the signal gets saturated and begins to clip. Recorder vibrates when the signal clips during a recording and you may use the down arrow during the recording session to lower the level from the default. Use left or right arrow to adjust the default recording level from 0 to 63. If you do not wish to set the recording level, select Automatic Level Control by pressing left arrow until you reach that setting. You may also hold Left Arrow to move directly to that setting.

File Name Template

Recorder uses a template to name the files it records. The default template names files with the name of the month, the day, the hour, minute, and second. It looks like this:

%d %b %H %M %S

You may change the template to make file names to your taste. Remember, however, if the unit records a second recording with an existing filename, then it appends to the first file.

You may use any of the special characters:

%a is the day of the week.

%b is the name of the month.

%d is the day of month.

%H is the hour in 24 hour format.

%I is the hour in 12 hour format.

%j is the day number of the year.

%m is the month number.

%M is the minute number.

%p is AM or PM.

%S is the number of the second.

Save Settings: OK

Once you adjust the settings you wish to use for each recording, press OK to save them.

Cancel Settings: Cancel

If you change your mind about any of the settings, press Cancel to exit the Settings form without saving any changes.

Recording Tips

This is the only recorder to provide tactile feedback on a clip condition. This powerful feature means it is possible to set optimum recording levels without having to read meters or monitor the recording. It also means you must be careful not to record the vibrating sound.

One of the best ways to get optimum level settings is to set the default level to a mid-range that is close to what you normally use. This depends, of course, on what kinds of sound you record, so it may take some experimentation to determine.

Once you have the default level set at a reasonable value, start the recording and try to find or simulate the loudest likely sounds. Try to make the unit vibrate from clipping, then turn down the level (with Down Arrow) until it stops clipping and vibrating.

Until you become used to the unit as a recorder, keep one hand on the device to ensure it is not vibrating. When vibrating occurs, the recording is saturated, so you must avoid the clips by turning down the level. Note the new level number. You may see a pattern where, for example, audio in one classroom records best at 30, and another one where you sit in the back of a classroom, may require a much higher setting.

Calculator

The calculator is a handy means of making both basic calculations and performing complex functions. It works by letting you use the numbers to enter digits, the Pound key for the decimal point, and the four arrow keys for the four basic functions. Select acts as the Equals key, and Cancel is Clear.

To type a number, enter it on the keypad. Use Pound for the decimal point.

To add, press Right Arrow.

To subtract, press Left Arrow.

To multiply, press Up Arrow.

To divide, press Down Arrow.

To obtain the answer to your calculation, press Select.

To repeat the answer, press Select.

To backspace and erase the last digit, press Star.

To clear, press Cancel or Ctrl+0.

To store a result into memory 0 through 9, hold the desired memory number key.

To recall a memory, hold Star, then press the memory number.

The procedure to make a calculation is as follows:

  1. Type a number
  2. Select a function
  3. Type a number
  4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 as many times as needed.
  5. Press Select to perform the calculation.

If there is already a number ready for use, such as the answer to a previous calculation, you may use that number as the first part of your next calculation. Simply press the key for the desired operation, and type in the second and subsequent parts of the new calculation. If you do not wish to use the result of the last calculation as the first part of your next calculation, simply type a new number.

Use Select to repeat the current answer.

Clear: Cancel

Use the Cancel key to erase a number in the display. If the display is set to 0, Cancel closes the calculator.

Backspace

The normal Backspace key combination may be used to erase one digit at a time from any number in the display.

Answers as Fractions

To represent the answers in Calculator as fractions, select Answers as Fractions from the program menu. Calculator responds by using fractions to represent answers.

Note that only fractions with a denominator less than 1,000,000 are supported.

Toggle Fraction/Decimal

To express the result of a calculation as a fraction or as a decimal, hold OK, or press Ctrl+Slash. Calculator responds by converting the decimal number and presenting it as a fraction in the form 1/2 or converting the fraction and representing it as a decimal number like .5.

To represent all answers as fractions or decimals, see the Answers as Fractions section.

More Advanced Functions

Advanced Mode

Advanced mode lets you use the calculator in more interesting ways by letting you type statements on the command line and featuring a history buffer. The four arrow keys move through the buffer, and you must use the characters +, -, *, and / for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

To use advanced mode, select Advanced Mode from the Program menu.

In order to use many of the features in this section, you need a keyboard. The Braille+ works fine as does the Icon in ThumbBraille mode. You may also connect either to a USB keyboard or the docking station.

If using a braille keyboard to type, be aware the calculator expects you to use computer braille. It is not possible to type in contracted braille inside the calculator.

Here is a Summary of computer braille symbols

+ dots 3, 4, 6
- dots 3, 6
* dots 1, 6
/ dots 3, 4
( dots 1, 2, 3, 5, 6
) dots 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
. dots 4, 6
= dots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Functions

In addition to the simple calculations already outlined, the calculator includes built-in functions, and you may add your own additional functions.

There are two ways to use a function. You may type the function name along with its parameters, or you may type or calculate a value, then select the function to perform on that value.

When referring to a function, this value is called the argument to the function.

To use the method where you type the function's name, ensure Calculator is in Advanced mode, then type the name of the function and one or more arguments each separated with a comma and enclosed in parentheses.

To get the square root of 16, you could type sqrt(16) or you could type 16 and pick Square Root from the function list as described in the next section.

Show Function List: Hold Menu

To see a list of built-in functions, select Functions from the Program menu or hold the program menu key. Calculator responds by presenting a list of both built-in functions as well as functions you have defined.

To move through the list of functions, press up or down arrow until you get to the function of interest.

Execute a Function: Select

To perform the selected function, press Select. Calculator responds by announcing the result of the function.

Example Square Root Function

To determine the square root of a value, type the value, then select Square Root from the function list.

If you want to know the square root of 25,

Included Functions

The following functions are included. Some of the names are "humanized" for menu purposes, and some have a brief explanation.

To find a function's real name, review the name in the history buffer after using the function.

To learn more about a function and its parameters, return values, and any other behavior, consult the Python language documentation.

A Two Argument Example

Round is a built-in function that takes two arguments. Its first argument is a number that you wish to round, and the second is the number of decimal places to use.

Since there are two arguments, you must have two values on which to operate.

Type the two values separated by a comma.

You might wonder why such a function would be of any use when it is easy to mentally calculate the rounded value of a given number.

It is a little more interesting when you don't know the exact number or the number is inconvenient to type. While variables are discussed shortly as a way to refer to numbers that present such challenges, the next example takes into consideration that the value for Pi is stored in a built-in variable aptly named Pi.

In the following example, the calculator rounds the first number to the number of decimals in the second number.

To round Pi to 4 places:

In addition to picking Round from the function list, you may use the following statement:

Round (Pi, 4)

Variables

Variables are named holding areas for values or results of calculations. You may assign values to these named entities and use those names to refer to the value of that variable.

The calculator automatically saves all your variables, so you may use them even after closing the program or turning off the device.

Assignment

You may assign numbers, lists, strings, other variables, functions, and the result of a calculation to a variable. That variable may be used in subsequent calculations.

To assign a value to a variable, type the variable name followed by the = sign followed by the value or expression you wish to assign.

a=3 assigns the value 3 to the variable a.

b= a*3 assigns the result of the evaluation of multiplying the value of the variable a by 3 to the variable b.

Extended Assignment

In addition to using a simple operator to assign values to variables, you may combine one of the operators with the equals sign to adjust the value of that variable. For instance, to add 100 to the variable named a, you could type the following statement:

a+=100

This attribute about how operators work on variables makes for some interesting things you may do with Calculator.

Suppose you wish to tighten up the budget and decide to keep strict track of your cash in hand. Every time you spend cash, you subtract that amount from what you have.

To start such an exercise, assign the amount of money to a variable called cash. You can name the variable whatever you wish, but naming it cash gives a good clue and reminder about what it contains.

If the old wallet contains $120, assign it to cash like this:

cash=120

Press OK. Calculator responds, "120."

When you spend $4.58 on a muffin and coffee for a morning snack, subtract that amount like this:

cash-=4.58

Calculator responds 115.42."

When you grab $200 from the ATM and add it to your cash in hand, add that amount like this:

cash+=200

Calculator responds, "215.42."

Since Calculator preserves your variables, it is safe to quit the program or even shut off the device and have confidence that the value of the cash variable retains its integrity.

The Automatic R Variable

Calculator automatically assigns the results of every calculation to a variable named R. You may use R to represent the result from the last calculation in the current one.

Variable Naming Rules

Variable names must start with a letter and may contain letters, digits, and the underline character.

Determine the Value of a Variable

To determine the value of a variable, type its name and press Select. The calculator responds by showing the value of the selected variable.

Delete a Variable

To delete a variable, type "del" followed by the variable name. Typing "del a" deletes the variable named a.

To delete multiple variables, type del followed with a comma separated list of variable names. To delete the variables a, x, and c, type:
del a, x, c

Variable Types

Every variable has a type. Its type defines the kinds of things you may do with the variable.

The most common types of variables used in the calculator are numbers, strings, and lists. A number type variable holds values and has methods that let you manipulate the number with other numbers.

Strings are a series of characters of text. Normally, a calculator would not even support strings, but there are some useful things you may wish to do with strings in the calculator.

Lists are variables that hold a list of other variables. A list may contain any object, but for the purpose of calculator discussion, it is safe to assume that most lists you use will contain all numbers or all strings.

When you assign a string to a variable, you must enclose the string in quotes.

To assign a list of values to a list variable, enclose the list of values in brackets and separate each value with a comma.

Lists are useful for a variety of purposes. You may wish, for instance, to determine the sum of a series of numbers, obtain the average, or perform some other function on that list. Variables of the list type are especially useful, because the list gets saved when you stop the calculator. This attribute means that you may keep your monthly bills in a list, and the built-in features of the calculator make it easy to maintain, update, or manipulate that list in a number of ways. See the section on Functions for examples of functions that use lists.

You already know that a list consists of a series of numbers enclosed in brackets and separated with commas. In the following statement, the three values are assigned to the first three elements of the list variable named phone09.

Phone09=[79.45, 82.98, 64.29]

Since the first list item is indexed as 0, January's phone bill can be examined with the following statement:

phone09[0]

To add the next month's bill amount to the list, you may use the append method as the following example shows:

phone09.append(99.88)

Now, you may look at the list by typing

phone09

You may see the value of the last item in the list by using the statement
phone09[-1]

View Variable Values

To examine the variables, select View Variables from the Program menu. Calculator responds by showing an editing area that contains the name and value of each variable.

When you are finished using the variable viewer, press Cancel.

Clear All Variables

To clear all variables, select Clear Variables from the Program menu.

History Buffer

Once you switch to Advanced Mode, Calculator begins saving all your work in a history buffer.

The history buffer lets you review, find, modify, and recalculate any calculations. The arrow keys and other editing commands act as they do in any editing environment, but you may use Select to execute the edited calculation. Any new calculation, including those that you edit and recalculate, are stored at the end of the history buffer.

To clear the history buffer, select all, then delete. The history buffer clears when you restart the calculator.

Writing Functions

Since Calculator is programmable, you may create your own functions. Calculator is based on the Python programming language, so if you are new to the language, you may wish to review the math functions and basic information at www.python.org.

The Function Editor

The function editor lets you create or edit existing functions. To open the function editor to add your own function, select the function list, then select Add from the program menu. Calculator responds, "Function Editor" and presents an editing area where you may type the statements that comprise the function.

If you wish to write a function that calculates a 15% tip for dining out, follow these steps:

Note that indentation is mandatory in Python, and the Calculator helps by announcing the number of spaces at the beginning of each line as you edit.

Name the function. For this example, it is called tip, so you type the following into the editor:

def tip( check ):

This statement defines the name of the function and the parameter to the function. In this case, the parameter is named check, but you may name it whatever you wish. The parameter is enclosed in parentheses and the def statement ends with a colon.

When you finish typing this statement, press OK or Enter to move to the next line. Calculator responds, "0" to inform you that the indentation level is still 0 or at the left margin. Notice that the announcement of the indentation level is pronounced in a slightly lower pitch to inform you that this is an information message and not part of what you typed. As you use up and down arrow to examine or edit your functions, the indentation level message only gets announced when it changes.

For the next statement, press space once to indent one level.

 return check *1.15

The return statement returns the answer that the calculator will display. In this case, it multiplies the argument by 1.15.

Press Cancel to exit the function editor. If there are no errors, Calculator asks, "Save Changes?" Press OK to save the new function.

If the function contains an error, Calculator announces the error and asks if you wish to continue editing. Press OK to return to the function editor with the cursor placed at the location of the error.

To try the function, type the tip command with the value of the dinner bill enclosed in parentheses. Assuming the bill is $27.37, the statement would be:

tip (27.37)

Alternately, you may type the bill amount on the command line, then hold program menu to get to the function list and select Tip from the list.

Press OK to obtain the bill with the tip added to it.

Calculator responds 31.4755

You may notice that this number is not exactly what you may have expected. It turns out that this particular multiplication yields an answer with four decimal places instead of the two decimal places one normally expects with a monetary value. You may choose to round this number yourself, but better yet, you may let the function do the rounding for you by modifying the return statement in the function like this:

Change the last line of the function like this:

 return round ( check * 1.15, 2)

Remember, round is another function that takes two arguments, one for the number to round, and one for the number of digits.

Now, when you use the tip function, Calculator returns 31.48.

Delete Function

To delete a function, open the function list and point to the function to delete, then select Delete Function from the program menu.

The Output Function

Calculator supports a function called output that takes an argument, converts it to a string, and speaks it and displays it as a message on the braille display. This may be useful for announcing messages within a function without returning anything as a result.

Startup and Shutdown Functions

Calculator automatically calls two functions, one when it starts and one when it exits. The startup function is called startup and quit is called shutdown. Calculator does not come with these functions, but if you create them, Calculator uses them.

Backups

Calculator variables and functions get backed up when you use the backup utility. These functions and variables may become quite extensive if you use the calculator heavily, so be sure to use this utility frequently.

Stopwatch

The stopwatch lets you time events.

Start and Pause: Select

To start the stopwatch, press Select.

To pause the stopwatch once it is already running, press Select again.

Check Time: OK

To check the time, press OK. The program responds with the elapsed time followed by a status message indicating if the watch is running or stopped.

Stop: Cancel

To stop the stopwatch, press Cancel. The program responds, "Stopped."

Exit: Cancel

To exit the stopwatch application, press cancel again while the clock is stopped.

Journal

Many people enjoy writing in a journal on a regular basis. Now, with the ubiquity of the internet and accounts to internet based journals like www.livejournal.com, one may publish one's journal to family, friends, or the whole world.

One obstacle to more blind and visually impaired users participating in the blog explosion is the cluttered user interface on web based journals. It is often a long and cumbersome process to get one's account opened and in position to begin writing. The journal changes all that. You may write journal entries in the Journal application and if you like, synchronize your journal entries with your live journal account.

When you start the journal, it presents a menu of existing journal entries and a way to browse through them. It starts on today's date.

If there is an entry on a selected date, Journal announces the number of entries, the subject of the entry, and the date.

Read the Entry: Select

To read the journal entries on a date, press Select. The journal shows the journal entry where you may read or edit it.

Close Entry

When you finish reading or editing a journal entry, press OK to save any changes, or press Cancel to throw away any changes to the entry. In either case, Journal returns to the calendar where you may move to other days.

Move to Another Day

To move to the next or previous day on the calendar, press Left Arrow or Right Arrow.

View by Entry, Week, Month, and Year: Up and Down Arrow

Pressing left and right arrow moves from day to day. You may alter the way you move through the calendar with Up Arrow and Down Arrow. The choices are Entry, Day, Week, Month, and Year. In the Day view, the left and right arrows move from day to day. In the week view, they move from week to week. In the Month and Year views, the left and right arrows move from month to month and year to year respectively.

Perhaps one of the more effective ways to browse your journal is the Entry view. In this way, the left and right arrows move from entry to entry, no matter the date on which it occurs.

Make a New Journal Entry

To write a new journal entry, select Add Entry from the program menu. The journal responds with a few questions about your new entry. Use the arrows to move to each of the places where the journal requests your information, and write.

Subject

Each journal entry starts with a subject. This should be a short phrase summarizing your entry.

Date

The journal uses today's date as the date of the new entry, but you may use another date if you like.

Time

The journal uses the current time, but you may type an alternative time.

Content

Press Select to open the content area and write your journal entry. When you finish, press OK to return to the Add Entry form.

Privacy

Each journal entry may be classified to let you control who gets to read your journal entry.

Mood

Each journal entry may be accompanied with a mood to help convey your feelings during the composition of your entry.

Complete the Entry: OK

When you finish your entry, press OK to confirm. The journal returns to the calendar view of your journal where you may explore and read previous journal entries.

Share Your Journal Entries

You may share your journal with others who have internet access. The journal interfaces with online social networks like Live Journal. (Live Journal is currently the only service supported.)

Create an Account

Before you may publish your journal for the world to see, you must sign up for an account on the web site of choice. These accounts are usually free, but read the terms and conditions of any site before creating a new account.

Live Journal

For Live Journal, go to www.livejournal.com, and look for the Create a New Account link. Follow the instructions on the web site and preserve the user name and password used to access the new account.

Accounts On the Journal

For each online account you setup, you must inform the journal application about the user ID and password, so the journal may log into the online account to synchronize the local and online entries in your journal.

Add Account

To add an account to the journal, select Add Account from the menu.

User Name

Type the user name you selected for the online account of the blog or social network web site.

Password

Provide the password you selected for the online account.

Synchronize

To synchronize your journal entries with your online account, pick Synchronize from the menu. The journal responds with a menu that shows all the accounts to which you subscribe. Use the arrows to find the appropriate account, then press OK to send and receive journal entries.

Address Book

The Address Book keeps track of your contacts. It shows a list of people you have added and lets you look up phone numbers, addresses, or e-mail addresses. You may also send a contact an e-mail message.

Move to an Address: Up and Down Arrow

To move through the list of addresses, press up or down arrow. The address book responds by moving to the previous or next address and announcing the name of the contact.

You may also type the first few letters of the contact's last name. The address book responds by moving to the first contact with a name beginning with those letters you typed and reading that name.

Open Address Entry: Select

To open an address entry, move to it, and press Select or pick View Contact from the program menu. The address book responds by showing the Address Form where you may view the information that you have for the selected contact. Note that Address Book shows only the information available for the contact. So, if you do not have the person's phone number, the phone number field is not displayed.

Add Contact

To add a new address, select Add Contact from the menu. The address book responds with the Address Form.

Edit Contact

To edit a contact, select Edit Contact from the program menu. The address book presents the address form.

Address Details

The address form contains all the details about a contact. Use up and down arrow to move from item to item. Type the indicated information when adding a new address, or edit existing text in each area for existing contacts.

Address Categories

Each contact's details are divided into four distinct categories on the address form. Those categories are General, Internet, Professional, and Misc. The General tab contains things like the contact's name, address, and phone number. The Internet tab includes information about the contact's e-mail addresses, internet web page, and IM info. The Professional tab includes details about the contact's job, and the Misc tab contains other miscellaneous information.

You may move from tab to tab in one of two ways. First, you may press Alt+Left or Alt+Right to move to the tab page left or right of the current one. (Recall that you may use Pound as Alt for the telephone keypad.)

The second way to move from tab to tab is to move to the tab control, then use Left Arrow or Right Arrow.

E-mail

The address book supports multiple e-mail addresses for each person. To view the e-mail addresses associated with a contact, press left or right arrow on the e-mail Address field of the Internet tab in the Address form. To spell or edit the current e-mail address, press Select or pick View or Edit from the Program menu.

Delete e-mail Address: Star

To delete an e-mail address, use left or right arrow to point to the e-mail address to delete from this contact. Next, press Star or pick Delete e-mail from the Program menu.

Edit e-mail

To edit the current e-mail address, press Select or pick Edit from the Program menu.

Add e-mail

To add an e-mail address, pick New e-mail Address from the menu. Address Book responds with the e-mail Form.

The e-mail Form

When you edit or create a new e-mail address, Address Book responds with the e-mail Address form. Here, you may enter the contact's real name, e-mail address, and a primary or default address indication.

Name

The Name item on the e-mail form is where you type the person's real name.

e-mail Address

This is where you type the new e-mail address.

Is Default

Each person has a default e-mail address that is used in the e-mail program. If this is the e-mail address you wish to use for this person, press Select to change to Yes.

Save Address: OK

When you add or edit an address, press OK to save your changes and return to the main list of addresses.

Cancel Changes: Cancel

If you accidentally change an address entry or you decide not to add an address, press Cancel to return to the main address list without saving any changes you made.

Delete Contact: Star

To delete a contact, press Backspace or pick Delete Contact from the program menu.

Send e-mail

To send an e-mail to the default e-mail address of the current contact in the address book, press the menu key and select Send e-mail. The address book responds by starting the e-mail program and putting that person's e-mail address into the "to:" field of the new e-mail form. Add the subject, press OK, and compose the message just as you would from the e-mail program.

More Folders

The Address Book lets you create additional folders in which you may categorize your contacts.

To move to the folder list, press Left Arrow. Address Book responds by showing a list of folders into which you may organize contacts.

Selecting Folders

Use the up and down arrows to highlight the folder of choice, then press Right Arrow to open that folder.

Add New Folder

To create a new folder in which to store contacts, pick Folders from the program menu, then select New Folder from the menu. The address book responds by asking you to give the new folder a name. Type the name, and press OK to create the new folder. Address Book responds by returning you to the folder list. This time, your new folder appears in the list.

Delete Folder

To delete a folder, highlight it in the folder list, then select Delete Folder from the menu.

Move Contacts

To move one or more contacts to another folder, mark each contact to move by pressing 0+Select while the contact of interest is highlighted.

Once the contacts are marked, move to the folder into which you wish to move the contacts.

Press the program menu key and pick "Move Selected Contacts."

Utilities Menu

The Utilities menu customizes the interface to your preferences, backs up and restores program data, checks for software updates, explores the files, and turns the unit into a hard drive for your computer.

Settings

The Settings option in the Utilities menu controls how your device works and customizes it to your taste. You may adjust the voice, set the clock, configure printers, set sleep timers, adjust key timeouts, set braille characteristics, and more.

Use the Up Arrow and Down Arrow to find the category to change, then press the Select key to open that settings category.

Save Settings

When you make changes to the settings in any category, press OK to accept the changes you make or press Cancel to throw away those changes. Either key returns you to the main settings menu.

General Settings

The General Settings option lets you control general aspects of your preferences.

Automatically Turn Off Power After Inactivity

One way to conserve battery life is automatically turning off the device after a certain period of inactivity. This setting lets you set that amount of time. When the device ships, it is set to turn off after 5 minutes of inactivity, but you may use the Left Arrow and Right Arrow to change this amount of time. Your options are 5 minutes, 10 minutes, 30 minutes, and Never. The Never option does not turn the unit off until the battery actually falls within the danger zone.

Inactivity is defined as time since you last pressed a key on the unit. The exceptions to this rule are when there is audio content playing and when you use the Read All command in any document.

Sleep Timer

When you use the Select key in a document to begin continuous reading, the unit continues reading until you either stop it with the press of a key or until the battery fails. The problem is that if you fall asleep, your reading position may be very far from your last conscious memory when you wake up. The sleep timer solves this problem by letting you set an amount of time that the unit continues to read. When that time elapses and you have not pressed any keys, the unit automatically stops reading. If you set the Sleep Timer to something reasonably small (like 15 or 30 minutes), it is usually pretty easy to find the place in your text when you wake up.

When the elapsed time reaches the Sleep Timer setting, the unit announces, "Sleep Timer Expired, Press Select to Continue Reading." If you happen to still be awake and you hear this message, press Select to continue reading right where you left off. If you are, indeed, asleep and you don't hear this message, the device waits for the amount of time you have set in the Turn Off After Inactivity setting, then it turns itself off to help conserve power.

Sleep Timer Settings

Press Left Arrow and Right Arrow to change the Sleep Timer settings. The options you may select range from None (where the Sleep Timer is disabled) to 2 hours (which tells the device to read for 2 hours before stopping.)

Character Timeout

The Character Timeout option lets you change the amount of time you must pause when typing keys on the telephone key pad in ABC mode before that character is placed into the document or edit control. By default, this time is set to 1 second. That means that you must pause for one second before typing another character on the same key. If, for instance, you wanted to type the word "no," you would press the 6 key twice (once for M and once for N," then you must wait for one second before pressing the 6 again three times, once for M, once for N, and finally for the O. Of course, you do not have to wait to type a character on another key. This timer is used to distinguish between getting subsequent characters on the same key and using another character on the same key.

The range of timeouts is from a half of a second to two seconds. Use Left Arrow and Right Arrow to select the preferred time value, then press OK to accept the setting and return to the main Settings menu.

Input Method: Text or Braille

The Input Method setting controls the braille translator. If set to Contracted Braille, you may use Thumb Braille or the braille keyboard on the Braille+ or the Braille docking station to type with contracted braille symbols. Normally, the input method is set to Plain Text on the original Icon, and it is set to Contracted Braille on the Braille+.

This option sets edit controls and documents in the word processor to use your chosen input method as the default. You may still switch to the other input method for whatever reason. To switch to or out of Braille input, use the Ctrl+L command. When using Ctrl+L to switch input methods on a text input field, the software either translates or reverse translates any existing text, because mixed content is not permitted on text input fields. The word processor, on the other hand, does let you mix content.

If you do not use braille contractions for typing and prefer using the ABC mode instead of Thumb Braille, keep this setting on Plain Text; the unit acts like a regular telephone keypad for typing numbers and letters.

In addition to this setting that controls the translation of text you input, you may also switch the telephone keypad from ABC to ThumbBraille mode by pressing Pound+Program 2.

Plain Text

The Plain Text input method turns off the braille translator while you type. If you use the telephone keypad's ABC mode to type, you should keep the input method set to Plain Text.

If you use the telephone keypad's Thumb Braille mode or the braille keyboard on the Braille+, this input method can be referred to as computer braille. In other words, since the translator is off, you must use computer braille symbols for punctuation and numbers. Consult the computer braille chart for details about the dot patterns for each character.

Contracted Braille

You may set Contracted Braille as your default input method. When the input method is set to Contracted Braille, you may type in contracted (grade 2) braille and the unit reverse translates where it needs to. There are some places where the system does not allow contracted braille input. These are usually places where the translation would be ambiguous. If you have your default input method set to Contracted Braille and the unit asks for information where braille is not permitted, it announces, "Computer Braille Required" to alert you to the fact that contracted symbols are not allowed. You may see this with requests for file names, e-mail addresses, and web site addresses.

Search Removable Media for Content

The Search Removable Media for Content option lets you turn on and off the feature where the mobile manager looks at the contents of an SD card or USB mass storage device after it is inserted.

The Menu Settings option controls how the menus behave.

Speak Menu Item Numbers

The Speak Menu Item Numbers option in the Menu Settings menu determines whether or not the device announces the menu numbers as you move from item to item in the menus. You may wish to leave these announcements on when you are getting used to your new device, but once you know where things are, you may turn the announcements off. Note that even though you have the announcements turned off, you may still type the menu item number to access that menu option.

Multiple Digit Menu Number Timeout

This option lets you set the time it takes to type two numbers for those menu items that contain more than one digit.

Remember Last Menu Item Location

This option allows you to instruct the device to maintain its place in the menus. By default, when you press the menu key, the device starts at the top of the menu system. This prevents new users from getting lost in multiple layer menus.

Speech Settings

The Speech conveys much information. It uses separate voices for text and braille, for example, and it changes voices to indicate links on web pages, replies in e-mail, and attributes in documents.

The Speech Settings option in the Settings menu lets you adjust how the unit announces what you type and how each of the voices sound.

When you select Speech Settings from the menu, it presents another menu containing Key Echo, Punctuation, and a list of voices used for various purposes. Use up and down arrow to find the setting to adjust. The menu responds by moving to that menu option and announcing its name. If the menu item is a voice, it uses that voice to pronounce the menu option. That way, you may hear the changes to each voice as you make them.

The voice labeled Default is the one the unit uses throughout most of the system. The Braille voice is the one used for reading when text is written in contracted braille.

Adjust Pitch and Rate

To adjust the voice, use the telephone keypad.

Pitch lowers and rises with 1 and 3.

Speed lowers and rises with 4 and 6.

Voice changes with 7 and 9.

Key Echo

The Key Echo option provides four choices about how to echo keystrokes. Use left or right arrow to move among the choices.

To turn off all key echo, set this to None.

The Characters option speaks each character as you type it.

The Words option makes the unit announce the word as you type it. The word announcement gets triggered when you press Space, Enter, or a punctuation character.

The Characters and Words option makes the unit announce each letter as you type it, then say the word when you finish typing it.

Punctuation

The unit offers four levels of punctuation, and you may customize which punctuation characters get spoken for each level.

Selecting Punctuation

There are two ways to select the amount of punctuation to pronounce. You may either select the level from the Punctuation setting in the Speech option in the Settings menu item, or you may cycle through the settings from anywhere on the device by holding down Pound while pressing Program 1. The unit responds by announcing the new punctuation setting and applies the rules of that setting for any further reading.

The punctuation settings are None, Some, Most, and All, and you may define which characters are spoken for each of these settings.

Customize Punctuation

To customize which characters are pronounced for each punctuation level, select Customize Punctuation Settings from the program menu while in the Speech Settings form. The unit responds by presenting the Customize Punctuation Settings form. This form contains three editing areas where you may type the characters you wish to be spoken for each level. (There is not a way to change the "None" setting.)

Use up and down arrow to select the setting to Customize, and then either add or remove punctuation symbols to those already defined for that level.

Set the Time and Date

Keeping the time and date set lets your device help with appointments, schedules, and organization. To set the time and date, either select the menu item from the Settings menu under Utilities, or press and hold the Status key, then use the Up Arrow or Down Arrow to find the Time menu item, and press Select.

The Time and Date form asks you for the details about time and date related activities. These include preferences about how the unit announces times, setting the time zone, and setting the clock and calendar. There is also an option to use the internet to set the date and time, but you should at least adjust the Time Zone setting to reflect your location.

Clock Format

The format specifies if you would like the time functions to report and accept time in 12 or 24 hour format. Americans may prefer the 12 hour format while most of the rest of the world elects to use the 24 hour format. If using 12 hour format, the unit reports AM or PM with the time announcement. Correspondingly, you must specify AM or PM when typing time values. The unit lets you use the pound key to switch between AM and PM in time values. You may also type an A for AM and a P for PM

Time Zone

The Time Zone option lets the operating software know where in the world you are, so it may adjust time information accordingly. Press the Select key to show a menu of locations from which you may pick.

Time

Enter the current time to set the clock. You may enter the time as two double digit numbers, in either 12 or 24 hour format. If you use 12 hour format, and you enter a 12 hour number, use the pound key to switch from AM to PM.

Date

Type today's date to set the internal clock. Use two digits for the month, two for the day, and four for the year.

Retrieve Time From the Internet

The Retrieve Time from the Internet option instructs the software to consult a time server on the internet to set its internal clock. If you use this option, the software fills in the Date and Time options for you.

Note that for this option to work, you must have a connection to the internet.

Network Settings

The Network Settings option turns file sharing on and off, adds other shared drives, names your device to the network, and sets the work group.

File Sharing

When your device ships, the File Sharing option is turned off. If you decide you wish to share files and folders on the network, the first thing you must do is turn this option on. At the same time, if you have already shared a number of folders and drives, you may use this as a single place to turn them all off at once. If File Sharing is on, your device is ready to share files with other users on the network. This means you and other users may use the unit's wireless capabilities to share files. If this setting is turned off, file sharing is turned off, and you will no longer be sharing any of the folders on your device. You still may connect to other external folders that are shared on the network by other devices.

To turn on and off individual drives and folders to share, point to the folder of interest with File Explorer and select Share this Folder from the program menu.

File Sharing Name

The name you provide for file sharing is the name others see when they wish to connect to a resource on your device. You may wish to give your device a descriptive name so it may be easily identified in a crowded network.

Once you give it a name, you may refer to the device from your Windows or other PC by using two backslash characters followed by the name you used. If, for example, you had named your unit BobManager, you could open it from your PC by going to the Run dialog (with Windows+R) and typing \\BobManager.

Workgroup

A workgroup is a group of resources (both servers and clients) in a local area network designated to communicate and exchange information with one another. To set the workgroup for your device, type the workgroup's name here.

SSH Server

SSH is a secure shell into which you may log to control the device remotely from another machine. By default, this ability is enabled, but you may restrict this powerful capability by turning this setting off. You should be familiar with the Linux command line before using this feature.

Printer Settings

The Printer Settings form lets you add network printers for use in File Explorer or Word Processor.

When you first open the Printer Settings form, you get only one option--Add an Internet Protocol (IP) Printer. Once you add a printer, that printer is also offered as a choice in the Printer Settings form, so you may select among any of several configured printers.

Add Printer

To add a printer, select Add Printer. The print manager responds with a menu of two choices, Search for a Printer or Manually Add Printer.

To manually add a printer, select Add Printer Manually from the menu.

The Printer Add form appears and asks you to provide a name for the printer to which you may refer later and the IP address for the printer.

If you do not know the IP address for your printer, consult your network administrator or use the Search for Printer option in the menu.

You must supply both a printer name and the IP address for the printer.

Press OK to add the printer. The printer detection service confirms the printer's existance and adds the name you provided to the list of available printers.

To search for a printer, select Search for Printer on the menu. The Print Manager responds witha place for you to type a partial IP address if you wish. You may want to use a partial address if the printer you want to use is not in the same group or network as you are. If your printer is on the same network as the Mobile Manager, leave the IP Address field blank and just press OK to begin searching.

When you press OK to start the search, the Print Manager looks for printers. When it finishes searching, press OK to see the list of printers it found. When you press OK, the Print Manager shows a list of all the printers by IP Address that it found. Use the normal selection methods to find and pick the appropriate printer, then press Enter. When you press OK, the Print Manager asks you to assign this printer a name. Select a representative name that is easy for you to remember and recognize.

In addition to providing the IP Address and a name, you must select the model of printer. The Print Manager assumes the printer is Postscript compatible, but if it is not, you may select Text Only from the Printer Model list. If you are not sure if your printer supports Postscript, check the printout. If it contains unulual characters that look like programming, it may not, and you may wish to select the Text Only model.

Print Test Page

Once you add a printer, you may wish to print a test page to confirm its proper operation.

To print a test page, select Test from the program menu.

Edit Printer Settings

To change the name of the printer or to change the IP address, select Edit from the program menu.

Delete Printer

To remove a printer from the list of available printers, select Delete from the program menu.

Misc Settings

The Misc Settings option contains one option:

SD Card Compatibility

Differences in the way SD cards work require this setting on revision two boards. If you have an older revision, this setting is not necessary. You can tell which revision you have by following the following steps:

  1. Open Status menu.
  2. Move to the Software Version option.
  3. Press Right Arrow twice to get to the Board ID option. It is either 1 or 2.

If you insert an SD card, and it is not detected or you get an error, use this setting. The options are Sandisk and Other. If your card is manufactured by Sandisk, set this option to Sandisk. Otherwise, set it to Other.

Task Manager

The Task Manager displays all the running applications and lets you manage them.

You may open Task Manager in one of two ways. You may select it from the Utilities menu, or you may press and hold the Application Menu key.

When Task Manager opens, it shows a list of all the running applications.

Switch to an Application

To switch to an application, move to its name in the list, then press the Select key.

Stop an Application

In the unlikely event that an application hangs or behaves erratically, you may stop it by moving to its name in the list then pressing the Program Menu key. Use the Down Arrow until you highlight the "Stop Application" selection, then press Select. Note that the menu actually contains the application's name, so if the program you wish to stop is called "Runaway," the menu would say, "Stop Runaway."

Stopping an application in this manner should be considered a last resort. Only use this technique if it is not possible to use the application's normal exit command.

File Explorer

The File Explorer lets you manage files on the hard drive, internal flash disk, the secure digital card, USB drives, and network shares.

Drive List

When you first open File Explorer, the program shows a list of drives connected to your device and network folders which you have decided to use. This list usually includes the hard disk and the internal flash. If you have a USB mass storage device or a secure digital card inserted into the slot, those devices show up in the list as well. If you have added network folders from other devices, those folders show up here, too.

Note that USB mass storage devices formatted with NTFS do not work from file explorer when connected directly to the USB port. To access the files on a NTFS drive, share that drive on the host PC, then connect to it through the Browse for Network Folders option in File Explorer.

One of the devices in File Explorer's list is called Network Folders, and it lets you add network folders that are shared on other devices.

A typical device list might look like this:

Use the Up and Down Arrow keys to select the volume to explore. As you move from drive to drive, the unit announces the name.

Drive Space

To determine the free and used space on a drive, point to that drive in File Explorer, then press Status. File Explorer responds by saying the drive's name, free space, and used space.

Note that File Explorer cannot determine the space of the Network Drives item in the menu.

Explore a Drive

To open a drive, use Up and Down arrow to move to it, then press Select or Right Arrow.

If the device to open is a shared network resource, but you are not connected to the network, are out of range, or the device belongs to a network at home while you are at work, File Explorer cannot open that device. If the device is a network folder, File Explorer connects to it and shows that folder's contents. To close the folder, treat it like any other folder and use Left Arrow to back out. The folder remains connected, but you may select Disconnect Network Folder from the program menu to disconnect it.

Once you open a drive, File Explorer displays the files and folders on that drive.

To work with a file, move to it, and press Select. The action File Explorer takes depends on the kind of file to which you point. If, for instance, the file is an mp3 or some other audio content, File Explorer opens the Media Player and begins playing the file. If it is a text file, File Explorer opens Word Processor with that file in its editing environment. If the file is a shell script, it executes that script. If the file is a zip file, File Explorer shows the Unzip utility which obtains the contents of the zip and puts the files into a regular folder where you may use the normal File Explorer features to work with them.

File Size: Status

To determine a file's size, point to that file's name, then press Status. File Explorer responds with the file's size and name.

Open a Folder: Right Arrow

If you press Select or Right Arrow while pointing to a folder, the File Explorer opens that folder and displays the files in it. To back out of the folder and return to its parent, press Left Arrow.

Mark Files: 0+Select

To copy or move a group of items, you must first mark them. Once the files are marked, you explore to the place where you wish to copy or move and then select either Copy Selected Files or Move Selected Files from the program menu.

To mark a file, press 0+Select while pointing to the file. File Explorer responds, "1 File Selected" and makes a sound to inform you that the file is marked. If you mark another file, the program announces the total number of files selected.

As you navigate among files in the list, File Explorer plays the marked file sound whenever you point to a file that is marked.

To unmark a previously marked file, press 0+Select again.

Working with Selected Files

Once you point to a file or select a group of files, you may perform an action on that file or group.

Press the Menu key for a list of possible actions. The actions that are available in the menu depend on the type of the file to which you point. For instance, if the current file is a directory, the menu options might be Delete Directory, Rename, Copy Directory, Move Directory, and Create New Directory.

Copy or Move Files

To copy or move a file or multiple files, mark the files of interest, then move to the destination folder. Finally, pick Copy Selected Here from the program menu to copy the files or pick Move Selected Here to move the files.

Create New Directory

To create a new directory, move to the directory in which you wish to create the new directory. Next, select Create New Directory from the File Explorer menu. File Explorer asks you to type the name of the new directory.

Delete a File: Star

Pressing Backspace deletes the file to which you point. File Explorer asks for confirmation before it deletes the selected file or files.

Sorting the File List

To sort the list of files, pick Sort from the program menu. File Explorer responds with another menu with options for the ways in which you may arrange the file list. These options include By Name, By Date Modified, and By Size. The currently selected option is indicated by the announcement "selected" on the sorting order. In addition to the way to arrange the files, the Sort menu includes options for sorting in ascending order or in descending order. The menu's name indicates the order you will select. If the menu shows ascending, the current option is descending, and picking the ascending option reverses the order of the listing.

Finally, the Sort menu also shows an option to put the folders at the top or at the bottom of the list.

Share this Folder

To share a folder with others on the network, point to the drive or folder, then select Share this Folder from the program menu. File Explorer responds by presenting the Share Folder form where you may edit the name of the shared resource and set the read only status of the files. If Read Only is set to Yes, others may only read the files. You may set the Read Only option to No, so other network users may both write new files to the folder and read the existing files.

Stop Sharing a Folder

To turn off an individual folder share, point to that folder and select Stop Sharing this Folder from File Explorer's program menu. To turn off all network shares, turn off File Sharing from the Network Settings option in the Settings menu.

Remember, when you share folders, others may have access to those folders.

Network Folders

In addition to its ability to browse the drives, folders, and files residing on your device, File Explorer may work with files located on other devices. You may share folders on your PC, for example, and use the files in that folder on your mobile manager.

Prepare to Connect to Remote Folders on the PC

Before you may connect to a remote folder, that folder must be shared. The administrator of the device containing the folder of interest must turn on file sharing and specifically share the folder.

The first step to sharing files from your PC is to name the computer and workgroup.

Share a Folder in Windows

To share a folder on a Windows PC, start Windows Explorer and get the properties of the folder of interest. Next, enable file sharing for that folder.

For more information about sharing folders on Windows PCs, see Windows Help for Networking and Sharing.

Connect a Remote Folder

There are two ways to add a remote resource to File Explorer's list of devices. The easiest way is to use the Browse for Network Folder option from File Explorer's Network Folders list, but sometimes, an administrator chooses not to make shared resources visible, so the browse option is of no use for such a situation. The New Network Folder option in the program menu should be used for shared resources that are not visible.

To start browsing, select Network Folders from File Explorer's device list, then select Browse for Network Folder on the Network Folder list.

When the network browser starts, it shows the work groups in range. To see the network devices in each workgroup, highlight the workgroup, then press Select or Right Arrow. Network Browser responds by showing all the devices in that workgroup. To see what folders are shared on that device, highlight the device name, then press Right Arrow. To add any of the folders that show in the list, press Select. File Explorer responds by opening the New Network Folder form where you may supply additional information that may be required to connect to that shared resource. Such information might include a user name and password.

To complete the New Network Folder Form, fill in the required information, then press OK. File Explorer responds with two actions. First, it opens the new network folder, and it adds the new folder to the Network Folders list.

New Network Folder

To add a new network folder that is invisible, pick New Network Folder from File Explorer's program menu. File Explorer responds by presenting the New Network Folder form. This form provides information about the additional resources you wish to use.

Network Information Form

When you connect to a remote device, File Explorer presents the Network Information form. This form lets you specify the location of the shared resource and any user name and password that may be required to access the resource. If the form appears as a result of browsing the network, the location field is already completed.

Use Network Folders

To use a network folder that shows up on the Network Folders list, move to that folder and press Select. File Browser attempts to connect to the folder, and if it is successful, shows the list of files on that folder just as it shows the lists of files in folders on the device itself.

Just because a folder shows up on the list on File Browsers list of devices, it does not mean that folder is accessible. You may have connected to folders at home and at work. You will not be able to connect to the folders on your home network while you are at work and vise versa.

Delete Network Folder

To stop using a remote network folder, select Delete Network Folder from the program menu.

Edit Network Folder

To edit information about network folders, select Edit Network Folder from the program menu. File Explorer shows the New Network form where you may edit.

Disconnect Network Folder

When you finish using a network folder, it may be a good idea to disconnect from it. Disconnecting saves resources and speeds up other operations on the device.

To disconnect a network folder, point to that folder, then pick Disconnect Network Folder from File Explorer's program menu.

Print File

To print the contents of supported files, select Print File from the program menu.

Supported file types include: PDF, TXT, DOC, RTF, and HTML.

Wen you select Print File, File Browser shows the Print form where you may select the printer to use, choose fonts and sizing, and select the number of copies to print.

Disk Drive Mode

The disk drive mode lets you treat the device as an external disk drive for your PC. To use disk drive mode, connect the unit to your PC via the USB cable.

Once in disk drive mode, the unit cannot be used as a PDA until you turn disk drive mode off. Press Cancel to turn off disk drive mode.

To copy files to or from the unit, locate it on your PC and use the normal copy procedures for the kind of PC you use. In Windows, for instance, you would find files to copy, use Ctrl+C to copy them to the clipboard, locate the place on the device's drive where you wish to place the files, then use Ctrl+V (or Paste on the Edit menu) to paste those files onto the drive.

Working with Zip Files

Files with the zip extension are actually groups of files compressed into a single archive file. File Explorer works with zip files by extracting the contents of the archive to a folder then opening that folder of extracted files so you may work with them. Be aware that the contents of zipped files may contain file types with which File Explorer does not know how to work.

Zip files may arrive on your drive from several sources. You may have saved emailed attachments that are zip files, or you may download books from NLS that come in zip archives. If you are trying to play an NLS book that is in a zip file, the more efficient way is to move the book to the /library/books/import folder as discussed in the Bookshelf section of this document.

To open a zip file from File Explorer, point to it, then press Select. The Archive Manager responds with a menu that contains at least two options-Extract and Browse for Folder. If a folder already exists with the name of the zipped file, Archive Manager also offers to open the folder of extracted files without unzipping the archive again. This can save you lots of time, especially if the zip file is a large one.

Extract

The Extract option extracts the individual files from the zip archive then opens the folder of extracted files.

The Extract menu option includes the name of the folder where Archive Manager will extract the files. It uses this as the folder in which it creates another folder with the base name of the zip file. By default, Archive Manager uses the path /media/hdd/extracts as the containing folder, but you may change that location with the Browse menu option. If you were extracting a file called dogs, Archive Manager would create a folder named dogs in the extracts folder, then extract the contents of the zip file and place the files in the dogs folder. Once it completes the extraction, Archive Manager then opens the dogs folder, so you may work with the files.

Browse for Folder

If you want to extract the files to a location other than the currently selected one, select the Browse option and point to the folder that will contain your extracted files. Archive Manager remembers this folder and offers it as the new default the next time you extract a zip file.

Open Existing Folder

If you try to open a zip file that you previously extracted, Archive Manager offers the option to open that folder rather than extracting the files again. This may save time, but it has the disadvantage of not showing you the latest information. This is a concern only if the zip file has changed or if you have deleted files from the extracted folder. If neither of these cases is true, use the Open Existing Folder option to see the files in the archive.

After the Unzip

Since zip files are containers that hold other files, you may consider deleting the zip file after you extract the contents.

Compress to a Zip File

File Explorer lets you create zip files. To put one or more files into a zip archive, mark the files to include, then select Compress from the program menu. File Explorer responds by asking you to provide a name for the new archive. Type only the base name, not the extension. To create the file dogs.zip, you would enter dogs. To start the archive process, press OK. Archive Manager responds by combining the selected files into one zip file and returns to the original file list.

Bluetooth Control Panel

Bluetooth Utilities

Bluetooth is a short range wireless communication protocol designed to connect peripheral devices. It is completely independent from Wi-Fi wireless connectivity.

The Bluetooth Control Panel manages connections to your Bluetooth keyboards and braille displays. At this time, the Bluetooth implementation does not support other types of bluetooth devices.

Turn On Bluetooth

To turn on the Bluetooth connectivity, start the Bluetooth Control Panel by selecting it from the Utilities menu or dialing 64 on the telephone keypad. You may also select Bluetooth from the status menu. If your intent is to connect to a Bluetooth braille display, hold Program 1, then select Bluetooth from the menu. This streamlines the display connection process. See Refreshable Braille Display Support for complete details.

When you first start the Bluetooth Manager, it turns on the Bluetooth radio and shows a list of devices to which you have connected.

Add Bluetooth Keyboard

To add a keyboard to the Bluetooth Control Panel, make the keyboard discoverable. Many keyboards come in this condition by default, but if yours does not show up in the list, consult that product's documentation to determine how to change this setting.

Next, select Find Bluetooth Devices from the Bluetooth Manager's menu. The control panel responds with a list of all the Bluetooth devices it detects. If there is more than one device in the list, use up or down arrow to find the device of interest, then press Select to connect with that device.

Keyboard Connected

Whether you connect for the first time or connect automatically to an already approved device, the Bluetooth Control Panel responds, "connecting with " and the name of the device as shown in the list. When the connection completes, the control panel says, "Connected." When the connection is complete, the unit says, "Keyboard Detected." Now you may begin using the keyboard.

Note that many bluetooth keyboards, in an effort to conserve energy, turn themselves off after a period of inactivity. When this happens, your device responds, "Keyboard Removed." Most keyboards wake back up when you press a key on them. When the keyboard wakes back up, it responds, "Keyboard Found."

Remove Bluetooth Device

To remove a bluetooth device from the My Bluetooth Devices list, use up or down arrow to find that device, then pick Remove This Device from the menu.

Turn Off Bluetooth

To turn off the bluetooth radio, select Turn Off Bluetooth from the menu. The control panel responds by turning off the radio and closing the Bluetooth Control Panel.

Software Updates

One of the features most enjoyable and fascinating about this mobile manager is the fact that it continually improves and evolves. The Software Updates option updates the version of software running on your machine with the latest available. Depending on how long it has been since the last update, these changes are often significant, thus the documentation is also updated, and a list of recent changes is available.

Before you may check for updates, you must have an internet connection. Turn on the wireless radio or connect via the USB port to your Windows PC.

It is also recommended to plug the unit into AC power and to have at least 60% charge on the battery.

Updating software is serious. Do not attempt to interrupt the process in any way.

The first time you use the check for software updates option, it checks to see if you have registered your system. This registration is important for several reasons including technical support and the ability to play protected content from the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS). If you have not yet registered, the unit shows the registration form. Fill out your name, address, phone number, e-mail address, and any other details it requests, then press OK to start the registration.

Once the software verifies your registration status, it shows a list of available updates. This list may contain both software updates and keys to let your unit play protected content from library or other services.

A typical listing may look like this:

Notice that more than one version of system software may appear in the list. Also notice the list item called The Keys to Allow Your Device to Play Content from NLS. That is the key you receive after completing the NLS request form as discussed in the NLS Digital Talking Books section of this documentation.

To read a description about what the software contains, press the program menu key and select Description from the menu.

To mark one or more items for download, move to that item and press Select. The unit responds, "Marked for Download."

If you change your mind and wish to unmark a previously marked item in the list, press Select again. The unit responds, "Not Marked for Download."

Once you mark any files to download and install, press OK to begin. The installer responds by downloading the file or files, then it asks for your permission to start the installation. Once you press OK to start the update, the software backs up your settings, copies the new software to the rescue partition of the hard drive, then it restarts the unit and reflashes from the new software from the rescue partition.

If you had installed any additional packages, use the Manage Software option in the Utilities menu to re-install any packages listed.

Backup

The Backup option in the Utilities menu lets you backup application data and configuration settings. Sometimes, it is important to keep this information backed up so that in the case of a major system software upgrade, your device will not lose its settings.

The backup utility backs up the following items:

To preserve those files that the backup program does not back up, copy the entire contents of the hard drive to another disk or use a utility on your computer to back up the entire drive. This can take several hours, but most programs perform incremental backups after the initial full backup that take much less space and time.

When you start the Backup application, you see a menu that contains several options. The first option is Backup Current Application Data. The next options in the menu consist of a list of backups that you have already made. Each of these is named with the date on which the backup was performed.

Backup Current Application Data

When you select Backup Current Application Data, the software presents a form to gather some information about what you wish to call this particular backup data set. If you leave the name blank, the program uses the date and time as the name of the backup set. If you give the backup a name, that name is used.

Restoring a Data Set

To restore a backup, move to its name in the list and press Select. The backup program requests confirmation that you really wish to restore the application data.

Report A Problem

If your device ever acts erratically or behaves in a way that does not seem normal or desirable, use the problem reporting tool to describe the problem and send the description and a system log to the technical support team. It is important to use this tool as soon after you experience the problem as possible. If you reset the unit, the system log is erased, and there will be no information on which the support specialists may use to diagnose the problem.

To use the problem reporting tool, select Report a problem from the Utilities menu. The problem reporting tool presents a form that requests your name and a description of the problem. Please provide your name.

Describing the Problem

The second option in the problem reporting form is a description of the problem. Press Select to open an editing area where you may use all the editing and navigation tools to fully describe the problem. Provide as much information and detail as possible.

When you have completely described the situation, press Cancel to close the editing area and return to the form.

The Rest of the Fields

The rest of the fields in the problem reporting form should already be filled out with the date and serial number of your device.

Submit the Problem Report

To submit the problem report, press OK. The problem reporting tool responds with a menu that offers the choices of placing the report into the problems folder on the hard drive or sending the report to the manufacturer via the internet. If you have an internet connection, use that to send the report. Otherwise, save the report in the problems folder and e-mail it to support@levelstar.com or support@aph.org the next time you connect.

Live Support Mode

If the technical support team cannot resolve a problem, they may ask you to use the Live Support tool. This tool lets one of the technical support engineers control your machine remotely. To use the Live Support tool, open the Report a Problem option on the Utilities menu, then select Live Support Mode from the menu. This program will generate and present a five digit number. Provide that number to the technical support person, and they will contact an engineer to log onto your machine.

This tool requires live time between the customer and an available engineer, so please do not be disappointed if it is not always available.

Manage Software

It is possible to install additional software to help your device gain new capabilities.

A good place to begin looking for additional programs is at the Icon and Braille+ User Site. Download the packages of interest then copy them to a place on your device's hard drive. Next, start File Explorer and find the package to install. It will have a .ipk extension. Press Select to install the software.

File Explorer copies the package to the packages folder on your hard drive. These files are then backed up and restored during the Backup process or during a system software update.

Use the Manage Software option in the Utilities menu to uninstall or reinstall these packages.

When you update system software, you must use the Manage Software option to reinstall any packages you may have added.

Console

The console option lets you use the Linux command prompt and any Linux programs you have compiled for the unit. The console uses the Speakup screen reader, and all of its commands are supported.

To use the keypad as Speakup's review mode, switch the keypad mode to Numeric by holding Pound while you press Program 2 until the unit responds "Numeric."

To exit the console, select Exit Console from the menu.

The console is an advanced feature and should not be used by the novice Linux user. It is possible to corrupt the operating system through improper use of the console. It is therefore not recommended that you learn about Linux on the mobile manager. To learn Linux, you should install it on a regular PC and experiment there.

Neither APH nor LevelStar provides technical support on the use of the console. For more information on console use, consult www.linux.org or the technical mail list.

Damage done to the unit from improper use of the console is not covered under any warranty.

Games Menu

The Games menu provides a little entertainment.

There are also additional games that you may download at the User Web Site.

Tic Tac Toe

Tic Tac Toe is a game of squares that you and an opponent fill with X and O. There are three rows and three columns of squares for a total of nine.

The object of the game is to get three of your mark in a row and to prevent your opponent from getting three in a row. The three in a row may occur vertically, horizontally, or diagonally.

Each player takes a turn putting her mark into a square. Your opponent is the device.

When you start Tic Tac Toe, the program presents a menu to let you pick your letter, X or O. Use the Up Arrow and Down Arrow to pick the letter of your choice, then press Select to begin the game.

The program represents the nine squares of the Tic Tac Toe board with the numbers 1-9 on the telephone keypad.

To examine what letter occupies a particular square, press the number of that square. So, for instance, you wish to see what letter square 2 contains, press 2.

To place your letter in the square, press and hold the number of the square.

Type Text

One of the characteristics that makes this mobile manager so useful is the ability to enter text. No other device this size offers such flexibility about the way it takes in data. In addition to the traditional "ABC" technique employed by millions of cell phones for text messaging, it offers a keyboard configuration that turns the telephone keypad into a braille entry system. This method of entering text and numbers is much more efficient than the ABC method, but it requires the user knows or will learn Braille.

Finally, the Braille+ model features a full Braille keyboard with the additional keys for eight dot Braille and a Spacebar. With this comfortable method of input, large writing tasks suddenly become a portable breeze, and the device is useful for much more than just short messages or web addresses.

Telephone Keypad

The telephone keypad lets you type characters or numbers in an application. Depending on the specific application in use, the keypad may be in numbers mode, braille mode, or in letters mode. Each of these keypad layouts provides alternate ways to type text.

1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9
* 0 #

Numbers Mode

When an application requests information from you that consists of numbers, it lets you type the numbers directly on the telephone keypad just as if you were dialing numbers on a phone. So, if you wanted to enter the date as 08152006, you would type those numbers on the keypad.

ABC Mode

Many applications expect letters rather than numbers. If you were writing an e-mail, for example, most of the characters you type would be letters, but there would be occasional need to type a punctuation character or a number.

Type Letters

ABC mode lets you type letters by assigning a few letters to each number on the phone keypad. When typing text, you press the key with the desired letter once, for the first letter, twice for the second letter, and so on.

2 contains a, b, and c.

3 contains d, e, and f

4 contains g, h, and i

5 contains j, k, and l

6 contains m, n, and o

7 contains p, q, r, and s.

8 contains t, u, and v,

9 contains w, x, y, and z.

Numbers

You may still type numbers even when the keypad is in ABC mode. The number associated with a key is usually the fourth press of the key. There are exceptions for the letters S and Z.

When you press, for instance, the 2 key once, you get the letter A. A second press yields B, and a third produces C. A fourth press produces the number 2.

Capital Letters

To get the capital of the letter on a key, press that key until you pass the number. You may type capital letters of A, B, or C by pressing the 2 key a fifth, sixth, or seventh time.

Space: 0

Type the space character by pressing 0 on the telephone keypad.

Punctuation: 1 repeatedly or Pound

Pressing "1" repeatedly gives you some of the most common punctuation characters. Press 1 until you hear the character you want.

Press Pound to use the punctuation grid. When you press Pound while typing, the unit presents a grid of punctuation characters from which you use the arrows to select. When you find the punctuation character to add to your text, press Select to copy the current character into the text and close the grid so you may continue typing. If you change your mind and do not wish to type a punctuation character, press Cancel to close the punctuation grid.

Modifier Keys

In addition to typing normal letters and numbers on the telephone keypad, you may also use the three keys at the bottom of the telephone keypad as modifier keys. The * key serves as the shift key, 0 acts like Control, and # is the Alt. To press Alt+B, press and hold down the # key, and then press the 2 key twice (once for A and once for B).

Backspace: *

Press the telephone keypad's asterisk key (at the bottom left) to erase the last character you typed or to erase the character left of the character to which you are pointing if you have been using the arrow keys to edit any text.

Braille on the Telephone Keypad

In addition to number and ABC modes, the unit offers Braille input using the standard telephone keypad.

Turn on Braille Keypad: Pound+Program 2

To switch among numeric, ABC and braille on the telephone keypad, hold Pound while you press Program 2. The unit responds, "Thumb Braille," and changes the layout of the keys. Now, instead of each number representing several letters, you may press multiple keys to make a braille letter or symbol.

To return to ABC mode, Press Pound+Program 2 until the unit responds, "ABC."

Background

Since braille characters comprise combinations of dots within a cell consisting of two columns of three rows each, it is easy to use the telephone keypad to represent the dots that make a braille character. The individual dots in a braille cell are referred to by number. They are numbered by column, so dots 1, 2, and 3 are the three dots, from top to bottom, in the left column or left half of a braille cell. The numbering continues in the right column with the dots, from top to bottom, 4, 5, and 6. By using combinations of these dots, one may produce any braille character. The letter A is represented with dot 1. B is dots 1 and 2. C is dots 1 and 4. For more information on the dots that make braille characters, consult one of the many excellent sources for learning to read and write braille.

The top three keys on the left side of the telephone keypad represent the three dots in the left side of a braille cell. The digit one makes dot one. The digit four makes dot two. Seven is dot three. Similarly, the top three keys on the right column of the telephone keypad act as the right half of the braille cell. The digit three, the top right key, makes the top right dot in a braille cell, dot 4. The number six makes dot five, and nine gives you dot six.

To make a letter that requires more than one dot in braille, hold down the desired keys all at once. To make the letter b which is represented in braille with dots 1 and 2, you press the telephone numbers 1 and 4.

Thumb Braille

Thumb Braille keypad

Once you use the telephone keypad to enter braille, you quickly notice that some characters are difficult to press, especially with two fingers or your thumbs. The primary cause of this problem is trying to press more than two non-adjacent keys on each side of the braille cell. In other words, pressing dots 1 and 2 at the same time is easy to do with one finger or thumb, but pressing dots 1 and 3 or 1, 2, and 3 all together is problematic. The problem exists on the right side of the cell as well. Pressing dots 4 and 6 or dots 4, 5, and 6 with one thumb is tough.

It is for this reason that Thumb Braille exists. Thumb Braille is the technique of making it possible to create any braille character by using only adjacent keys. It accomplishes this goal by assigning the four keys in the middle row of numbers on the telephone keypad to the four combinations of non-adjacent dot patterns that may occur in a braille cell. The top two keys make the two combinations for the left side of the cell, the 1 and 3 and the 1, 2, and 3. The bottom two keys in the middle row of the telephone keypad cover the non-adjacent dot patterns on the right side of the cell, the combinations 4 and 6 and 4, 5, and 6.

Each of these pairs of keys is further arranged so the top key in the pair makes the dots at the top and bottom of the cell and the lower key in the pair makes all three dots on the appropriate side of the cell. Pressing the top key in each pair makes either dots 1 and 3 (with the 2 key) or dots 4 and 6 (with the 8 key). Similarly, the bottom key in each pair makes the three dots for that side of the cell. The digit 5 makes dots 1, 2, and 3 while the digit 0 makes dots 4, 5, and 6.

2
1 3
5
1 2 3
8
4 6
0
4 5 6

Now, to type the letter l, just press key digit 5. To produce p, press 5 and 3 together. The 5 makes dots 1, 2, and 3, and the 3 makes dot 4.

Modifier Keys

The Thumb Braille keypad layout uses the bottom three keys on the telephone keypad as modifiers and as command keys. Remember that the digit 0 represents dots 4, 5, and 6, so it cannot be used as a command key. But, * and # can.

Space: #

Press # to type a space.

Enter: *+#

To type Enter, press # and * together.

Capitalization: *

Press * once to indicate the following character is capitalized. Press * twice to engage Caps Lock. Press twice again to turn off Caps Lock.

Other Keys: * Modifier

In addition to using the * key to represent a capital letter, you may hold down the * as if it were a modifier key while you press another key. This combination lets you type the Escape, Tab, and Backspace with the top row of keys. The second and third rows of keys you may type with * as a modifier are the same six keys found on the grouping of keys on a traditional keyboard sometimes called the "six pack." These are, from left to right, Insert, Home, and Page Up on the first row, and Delete, End, and Page Down on the second row.

Esc Tab Backspace
Insert Home Page Up
Delete End Page Down
Enter: *+#
Escape: *+1

To type Escape, hold down * while you press the digit 1.

Tab: *+2

To type Tab, use Star+2.

Backspace: *+3

To make Backspace, use Star+3.

Insert: *+4
Home: *+5
Page Up: *+6
Delete: *+7.
End: *+8
Page Down: *+9

Control Modifier: 0

Press and hold 0 while pressing one of the arrow keys to make that arrow key act like Control+that modifier key.

Control

To create a control character, precede the letter with *+0. To make Ctrl+f, press and release the Star and 0, then type the f.

Function Keys

Hold down # while pressing the numbers 1 through 0 to get F1 through F10.

Braille Keys and Space

In addition to the keys already described, the Braille+ model also contains six braille keys on the unit's left side, and three additional braille oriented keys on the right side: dot 7, Space, and dot 8. To use these keys, turn the unit 90 degrees in a clockwise direction. Dot Seven is left of the Spacebar and also serves as the shift key. Dot 8 is right of the Spacebar and serves as the Control key.

Chord Commands

In addition to using the braille keyboard for braille input, the unit supports a concept known as chording that lets you enter additional commands on the braille keyboard. A chord is much like using the shift or Ctrl key on a normal keyboard, except that you use the space bar as the modifier. Hold down Space while pressing other dot combinations to access the function of the chorded commands. See Braille Chord Commands for a complete list of supported chord commands.

The chord commands provide access to all parts of the system, so you may perform any function with the unit oriented for braille input. The Applications key, for example, is the same as pressing chord M.

As much as possible, the unit supports many of the navigation chord commands as originally introduced in the Kentucky PocketBraille and later made famous by the Braille-n-Speak. One should remember, however, that the basic philosophy behind the unit's user interface is much different to that on the Braille-n-Speak, so while there are several compatible commands, your mobile manager translates those chords into keystrokes.

Contracted Braille or Plain Text

The Braille keyboard is a fantastic means of entering information, and when you add the ability to type contracted braille, it becomes even more powerful and convenient.

By default, the Braille+ accepts most input as contracted braille. You may, however, find places where you prefer to use computer braille. To change the system's default input method, Use the Input Method option in the General section of the Utilities menu.

Braille Chord Commands

The Braille+ supports all the keys one can produce on a regular 101 PC keyboard. At the same time, every effort has been made to make chorded commands compatible with earlier note takers with which you may already be familiar.

The Braille+ includes a shift and a control key. As you examine the chord chart, you may notice that there are chord commands that may not be necessary, because one could produce the desired command with the use of the Control key. Pressing chord 1-2-3, for instance, makes a Ctrl+Home command. This is the command to move to the top of the document in the word processor or to the top of a list. Strictly speaking, this particular chord is not necessary on the Braille+, because there is already a chord to make Home, and there is a control key, so one could make the command to move to the beginning of the document by holding down the control key while pressing the chord to make the Home key. The chord to produce Ctrl+Home remains as part of the Braille+ command set for compatibility with older systems.

The following chart shows the chords supported by the braille keyboard. Note that numbers refer to dot numbers.

Operation Chorded Dots QWERTY Keyboard Equivalent
Move to Previous Line 1 Up Arrow
Move to next line 4 Down Arrow
Move to previous word 2 Ctrl+Left Arrow
Move to next word 5 Ctrl+Right Arrow
Move to previous letter 3 Left Arrow
Move to next letter 6 Right Arrow
Move to previous paragraph 2-3 Ctrl+Up Arrow
Move to next paragraph 5-6 Ctrl+Down Arrow
Move to beginning of line 1-2-3-4 Home
Move to end of line 1-4-5-6 End
Move to previous page 1-2-3-4-5 Page Up
Move to next page 1-2-4-5-6 Page Down
Move to top of file 1-2-3 Ctrl+Home
Move to end of file 4-5-6 Ctrl+End
Read current line 1-4 Ctrl+9
Read current word 2-5 Ctrl+8
Spell Current Word 2-5 twice Ctrl+8 twice
Read current character 3-6 Ctrl+7
Cancel current operation 1-3-5-6 (Z) Cancel
New line 4-6 Enter
Select a menu option 1-5 (E) Select
Backspace 1-2 (B) Backspace
Delete character 1-4-5 (D) Delete
Open Program menu 1-3-5 (O) Options Menu
Open Applications menu 1-3-4 (M) Apps Menu
Read Status 2-4 (I) Info
Open help 1-2-5 (H) Help
Tab 4-5 Tab
Alt key 1-3-6 (U) Next key is Alted
Keypad key 1-3-4-5 (N) Next key is keypad key
Function key 1-2-4 (F) Next number is Function 0, 1, 2, 3, through 9.

Computer Braille Chart

ASCII Code Character Dot Combination
33 ! 2-3-4-6
34 " 5
35 # 3-4-5-6
36 $ 1-2-4-6
37 % 1-4-6
38 & 1-2-3-4-6
39 ' 3
40 ( 1-2-3-5-6
41 ) 2-3-4-5-6
42 * 1-6
43 + 3-4-6
44 , 6
45 - 3-6
46 . 4-6
47 / 3-4
48 0 3-5-6
49 1 2
50 2 2-3
51 3 2-5
52 4 2-5-6
53 5 2-6
54 6 2-3-5
55 7 2-3-5-6
56 8 2-3-6
57 9 3-5
58 : 1-5-6
59 ; 5-6
60 < 1-2-6
61 = 1-2-3-4-5-6
62 > 3-4-5
63 ? 1-4-5-6
64 @ 4
65 A 1-7
66 B 1-2-7
67 C 1-4-7
68 D 1-4-5-7
69 E 1-5-7
70 F 1-2-4-7
71 G 1-2-4-5-7
72 H 1-2-5-7
73 I 2-4-7
74 J 2-4-5-7
75 K 1-3-7
76 L 1-2-3-7
77 M 1-3-4-7
78 N 1-3-4-5-7
79 O 1-3-5-7
80 P 1-2-3-4-7
81 Q 1-2-3-4-5-7
82 R 1-2-3-5-7
83 S 2-3-4-7
84 T 2-3-4-5-7
85 U -1-3-6-7
86 V 1-2-3-6-7
87 W 2-4-5-6-7
88 X 1-3-4-6-7
89 Y 1-3-4-5-6-7
90 Z 1-3-5-6-7
91 [ 2-4-6
92 \ 1-2-5-6
93 ] 1-2-4-5-6
94 ^ 4-5
95 _ 4-5-6
96 ` 4-7
97 a 1
98 b 1-2
99 c 1-4
100 d 1-4-5
101 e 1-5
102 f 1-2-4
103 g 1-2-4-5
104 h 1-2-5
105 i 2-4
106 j 2-4-5
107 k 1-3
108 l 1-2-3
109 m 1-3-4
110 n 1-3-4-5
111 o 1-3-5
112 p 1-2-3-4
113 q 1-2-3-4-5
114 r 1-2-3-5
115 s 2-3-4
116 t 2-3-4-5
117 u 1-3-6
118 v 1-2-3-6
119 w 2-4-5-6
120 x 1-3-4-6
121 y 1-3-4-5-6
122 z 1-3-5-6
123 { 2-4-6-7
124 | 1-2-5-6-7
125 } 1-2-4-5-6-7
126 ~ 4-5-7

External Keyboards

In addition to the built-in number pad on the unit for entering text, there are a number of external keyboards. The most common of these, the USB keyboard, plugs into the USB client port on the device's interface cable. When you plug a USB keyboard into the client port, the device automatically sees the keyboard and lets you use it. It announces, "Keyboard Detected," and you may begin typing using the USB keyboard without giving any commands to prepare the device. There are also a number of Bluetooth keyboards which you may use.

External and Docking Station Keyboard Functions

When using an external keyboard, you may wish to know what keys map to keys on your device.

Program Menu Alt+O
Applications Menu Ctrl+Esc
Network Manager Ctrl+Alt+N
Turn Speech Off or back On (when braille is in use) Ctrl+Alt+S
Turn On Wireless Ctrl+Alt+W
Bluetooth Manager Ctrl+Alt+L
Braille On/Off Ctrl+Alt+B
OK Enter
Cancel Esc
Select Alt+Space
Multi-Select Ctrl+Space

Global Keyboard Commands

The following list shows all the global commands available. A global command means that you may use the command no matter where you are in the system.

Previous Track (Media Player) (Hold for Rewind) F1
Pause and Play (Media Player) F2
Next Track (Media Player) (Hold for Fast Forward) F3
Start Media Player F4
Start Bookshelf F5
Start Word Processor F6
Reserved F7-F10
Start Calculator F11
Start Address Book F12
Start Calendar F13
Start Web Browser F14
Start e-mail F15

Refreshable Braille Display Support

In addition to using synthesized speech, you may use one of several refreshable braille displays to provide feedback to you in braille and to input text and commands on those displays that contain braille input keys. This braille feedback may be used instead of synthetic speech or in conjunction with it. For a totally silent operating environment, you may also turn off the system sounds while using a braille display.

Background

A refreshable braille display is hardware that displays a line of braille cells much like a monitor displays characters for a sighted computer user. While many blind students and professionals use synthesized speech, braille represents a much more effective medium for learning. The student is actually reading with braille. She sees each individual character that makes up a word and employs pattern recognition skills to recognize the word as a whole.

Braille displays also make it easier to check spelling, formatting, and spacing of a document, and they make it more convenient to browse documents, because it is apparent when landmarks like titles, indentions, and blank lines appear. Math formulas and column or table data are more intelligible in braille as well.

The addition of a braille display adds a whole new dimension to the mobile manager experience. A student may use braille reading skills and still pay attention to other activities like class or conversation.

Refreshabraille 18 refreshable braille display

As with paper braille, refreshable braille uses cells to represent braille characters. Each braille cell in the line consists of six or eight individual dots that raise or lower to form the braille character. The number of characters or cells in the line depends on which particular braille display you use. In general, the more cells the display contains, the more expensive it is. Some common line lengths are 20, 40, and 80 cells.

In many cases, as you use the software on your mobile manager, there will be some paragraphs or lines that do not fit entirely on the display. Think of the instance where you are editing a document in the word processor where each line contains 70 or more characters and each time you press the down arrow key, the word processing program moves to the next line in the document. How do you read the rest of the line? It is this situation that makes the display require "panning" controls. Most displays have both a forward and backward panning control or advance bar. You use that control to move the display to show the rest of the line that didn't fit in the first 20 or 40 cells. When you reach the end of the line with the advance control, the display sends a signal back to the word processor to let it know to move to the next line, so you may control your entire reading experience without moving your fingers from the display.

In addition to a panning control, most braille displays contain cursor routing buttons. These are usually identified by a button above or below each braille cell in the display. When you press that button, the word processing program moves the program's editing cursor to the place in the document that corresponds to that character in the document.

Supported Displays

The mobile manager works with many modern refreshable braille displays that use Bluetooth, USB, or serial interfaces including the following:

Connect the Display

Before you use a refreshable braille display for the first time, you must establish a connection between the mobile manager and the display itself. This is a very simple procedure and must be done only once for each display you may wish to connect.

Check with the manufacturer of the braille display to find out what kind of interface it supports.

The mobile manager natively supports Bluetooth and USB interfaces, but you may also use Serial over USB. If you use an older refreshable braille display with no USB or Bluetooth capabilities, you may still be able to use your display with a special cable that converts USB signals to serial signals. The reason for the need for such a cable is that the mobile manager has no serial port, but it does have a USB port.

Cables that have been successfully used with serial displays are:

Step One: Turn on or Connect the Display

The first step in establishing a connection between the refreshable braille display and your mobile manager is attaching the USB cable or, in the case of a Bluetooth display, turning on the display and preparing it to be discovered. Note that some displays, especially those that support both USB and Bluetooth connections, require you to enable the Bluetooth functionality on the display before you may use it.

When you connect the USB cable to the mobile manager or when you turn on a Bluetooth display, the display should show a message indicating that it has power and that it is ready to use. If you do not see a message when you connect or turn on the display, consult the documentation for the refreshable braille display for troubleshooting tips.

Step Two: Identify the Interface Type

The second step in establishing a connection once the display is turned on or connected is to go back to the mobile manager and hold Program 1 to turn on braille support. The braille support manager responds by asking how the display connects to your unit. Select either Bluetooth, USB, or Serial over USB. When you select one of the interface types, the braille manager displays a list of all the displays that support the selected interface.

If you selected Bluetooth, the braille display manager instructs you to insure your Bluetooth display is on and discoverable. Many displays are automatically discoverable unless the display is already in use by another device. (It is not possible to use one display for two devices at the same time.) Once you turn on the braille display, press the OK key on the mobile manager to let it know you are ready to find that display. The braille subsystem responds by turning on the mobile manager's Bluetooth radio and begins scanning for devices in range.

The Bluetooth manager cannot distinguish between braille displays and other Bluetooth peripherals. It shows a list of all the Bluetooth devices it finds. Use the up or down arrow to move through the list of devices until you find the name of the braille display to which you wish to connect. If you don't recognize the name of your display, check the documentation for that display to insure that it is discoverable and to find out what name it uses for connection purposes. Most Bluetooth displays contain the name of the display followed by the serial number of that display. That way, if there is more than one display in the list, you can distinguish yours from another one that may be in the room.

Once you find the display you desire, press Select to connect to it. The braille display manager responds by showing another list that contains types of braille displays. Find your display in the list, then press Select.

The Bluetooth manager responds by asking for a four digit number to pair with the display. This number is required only once during the setup process and is usually 1234, but if that number does not work, try 0000 or, better yet, consult the documentation that accompanied your braille display for the number to use.

If you chose USB or Serial over USB in the first step, braille display manager responds by showing a list of possible braille displays that connect with the interface type you selected. Use up or down arrow to find the display of interest, then press Select to choose that display.

No matter which interface type you use, the braille display manager tries to connect with the display you chose in step two. Normally, it announces, "Braille On," and braille appears on the display. If there is a problem, braille display manager announces that it failed to connect, and you must begin the process again from step one.

Turn Braille On and Off: Hold Program 1

Once a connection between a display and the mobile manager is established, turning on and off braille support is a simple matter. There are two ways to do it. The most convenient way is to hold Program 1. This turns on the braille subsystem if it is not on already, or, if it is, holding Program 1 turns off the braille subsystem.

The second method of turning on the braille subsystem is to select Use Braille Output from the Braille Display Settings option.

The braille display manager responds, "Connecting" and the current application's text appears on the display. If the braille display manager fails to connect to the display, it opens the Braille Display Settings form and lets you select another display. This might happen, for example, if you turn on braille and the selected display is not ready. It could be turned off, or the cable may not be connected, or you may be in a new location where a display is no longer available.

If you have braille support enabled when you turn off the mobile manager, the braille display automatically reconnects when you turn the mobile manager back on.

Keys on the Braille Display

Many refreshable braille displays include keys that let you control the display. Some even have braille input keys and arrow keys that you may use to control the mobile manager from the braille display keyboard. If you are not sure what keys your braille display contains, turn on the mobile manager's Key Learn mode by holding the Help key. Once you put the mobile manager into Key Learn mode, you may press the keys on the braille display to discover their function.

Braille In Use

In general, when using a refreshable braille display to read a document, you use the advance bar to move from display full to the next display full. If you reach the end of what the display shows, the display signals the program on the mobile manager to place more text into the braille display buffer, so you may continue pressing the advance bar to read the entire document.

As you move through a document character by character, notice the cursor. It is represented with both dots 7 and 8.

More on Cursor Keys

The word processor lets you route the cursor to a character in the document. This means that instead of using the arrow keys to move the cursor to a place you read on the display, you may simply press the cursor routing button at the desired cell to move the word processor's or the text edit box's cursor to the place you touched.

In addition to the ability to move the cursor to a particular cell while editing a document or line of text, the cursor routing keys may serve other purposes.

Yes No Toggle

When the display shows a form that contains a Yes or No choice, you may toggle between the two by pressing any cursor routing key.

Yes/No Question

When the display presents a question with (Y/N) to indicate that you should answer the question with a Y for Yes or a N for No, you may also press the cursor routing button above the Y or the N to select Yes or No respectively.

List or Menu Item Selection

The cursor routing keys may also be used to select the currently displayed item in a list or menu.

Dismiss Status Message

When you press the Status command, the mobile manager shows the status of the current application on the braille display. To dismiss that status information, you may press any of the cursor routing buttons or any other command in the program in use.

Automatic Contraction

The braille subsystem does its best to turn everything you read into properly formatted grade II braille, even if the document you are reading was originally meant for print or online consumption. In other words, e-mails, newspapers, books, and other documents you read all get translated into contracted braille.

You may turn off the interactive translation so documents show up as computer braille symbols. To turn on and off contraction, select Braille Output Method from the Braille Display Settings of the Settings menu.

The Braille Display Cursor

When editing a document that contains a cursor, the braille subsystem indicates the location of the cursor by showing dots 7 and 8.

Capitalization

If you are using computer braille, the braille display indicates a capital letter by raising dot 7 for that letter on the display.

Attribute Indication

When reading a document that may contain text with attributes such as underlining or italics, the word processing program indicates the presence of an attributed character by raising dot 8 on the braille display. To determine exactly which attribute may be in use for that character, press the Status key once. Word processor responds with the names of any attributes associated with that character.

Highlight and Attribute Indication

The braille display uses dot eight to indicate a highlighted item in a list. If, for example, you had selected two files in File Explorer or marked some messages in e-mail, those files or messages that you marked are indicated by raising dot eight on the display.

When a section of text contains attributes, the braille display indicates that the text is attributed by raising dot 8 at both the beginning and at the end of the attributed text.

Current Word Expansion

As you edit a non-braille document, recall that the word processor contracts the regular text into contracted braille, so it is more pleasant to read on a refreshable braille display. When you move the editing cursor to a contracted word, the word processor expands the word under the cursor. This expansion makes it possible to edit contracted words, but some people may find it annoying, especially if you have no intention to edit, but just wish to read. To turn off the word expansion, switch the document to read-only mode. To turn on and off the read-only attribute of a document, press Ctrl+E. You may also avoid this issue by using Bookshelf to read documents that you do not intend to edit.

Prompts in Edit Fields on Forms

There are many programs that ask you to type some information. The Address Book, for example, contains a form that asks you to type several different parts of a person's name and or contact information. If you were to look at such a form on a monitor, it would show the prompt followed by a colon followed by the information that you are to edit.

You might see:

First Name: John

or

Address: 1839 Frankfort Ave.

When such a prompt appears, the braille display tries to provide the most relevant information when all the information will not fit. If you were using only a 12 cell display, the example showing the address would not all fit on the display without scrolling, so the display shows the actual address with the cursor at the beginning, ready for you to type or edit. In this case, the display might show:
1839 Frankfort

There is not enough room to display the prompt nor the "Ave." portion of the address. Both these items are still available by scrolling the display either back or forward, but the most important information is what appears by default. If you are not sure about the prompt, use the Back Scroll key on the display to bring that portion of the text into view.

If you type a character or press a routing key while the actual text of the input field is out of view, the braille display scrolls that portion of the text into view so you may observe what you type or edit.

Computer Braille

There are some prompts where computer braille is required. Think, for example, of entering your friend's e-mail address. The braille display indicates the requirement to use computer braille when you type by putting the computer braille indicator at the end of a prompt. (The computer braille indicator is a two cell sequence consisting of dots 4-5-6 and dots 3-4-6.) When you read braille, it means that the following text is written in computer braille. When you see it in a prompt, it means you should type your response in computer braille.

Speech and System Sounds with Braille

Normally, the synthesized speech and system sounds continue with the braille display in use, but you may turn one or both of these off in the Braille Display section of the Settings form of the Utilities menu.

To quickly switch the speech on or off while using a braille display, you may press Ctrl+Alt+S. Remember that you may perform this command from a braille keyboard with u-chord followed by Ctrl+S.

System Sound Indication

The braille display informs you when a system sound event occurs (except for progress sound events) by blinking the display. You may see such a blinking effect when the messages arrive in the e-mail inbox or when the system sound that indicates you have reached the top of a list plays. The blinking braille display does not indicate what system sound played, but if the user is interested, she may use the system's status command to obtain any important information about the status of the current application.

Braille Output Method

Normally, the braille display subsystem tries to convert anything it possibly can to contracted braille. This makes the reading experience more natural and simple to use, but it cannot work for every possible situation. The advantage of using the Grade II setting is that the display shows grade 2 braille even when the original document is not in braille, and it also behaves correctly when the original document is already translated into grade 2 braille.

If you prefer to read without performing this translation, use the Braille Output Method setting and select Computer Braille.

Braille Display Input Keys

The mobile manager's refreshable braille display support includes the ability to use the braille display's keys to control the mobile manager. If your display contains braille input keys or arrow keys, you may keep your hands on the braille display and control nearly all aspects of Icon and Braille+ operation from the keys on the braille display. See the Braille Chord Commands for a complete list.

To familiarize yourself with any additional keys your braille display may support, use the mobile manager's Key Learn function by holding the Help key.

Add and Remove Additional Displays

To add or remove another refreshable braille display, select Settings from the Utilities menu and choose Braille Display Settings. The Settings menu responds with a form that starts with a list of all the displays currently configured to work with your mobile manager. Use left and right arrow to move through the list. The first option in the list of displays is a place holder called "Add New Display." When you select that option, the braille display manager asks for the interface type of the display just as it did when you set up the first display. Follow the steps outlined in that procedure to add additional displays.

Use a Different Display

To use a different display or to change the default display, open Braille Display Settings and use left or right arrow to highlight the desired display.

Remove a Display

To remove a display from the list of configured displays, move to it, then press Star or select Delete from the program menu.

Turn off the Mobile Manager

There are some considerations turning off the mobile manager when it is connected to a braille display. Since the mobile manager is a portable device and you use an external display, conditions can be and often are different once you turn back on the unit. There may be, for example, no braille display, or there may be a different display at the new location.

First, if you plan to disconnect the interface cable from the mobile manager and take it with you, all is well. Just disconnect the interface cable, turn off the mobile manager and go. When you turn it back on, the braille subsystem checks to ensure the previously connected display is still available, but if it is not, the braille subsystem automatically turns off the braille mode, and you are ready to use the unit with speech. If you have a different braille display at home or work, simply hold Program 1 to turn back on the braille subsystem, and it attempts to connect to any display that you configured. If you have not yet configured any other braille displays and the braille subsystem cannot find the one you already configured, it shows the interface menu ready to add another display. Simply follow the original steps you performed when configuring the first display.

Turning off the mobile manager and leaving it on your desk can be somewhat more complicated, especially if using a USB display. The problem is that the USB power keeps the mobile manager alive, so when you try to turn it off, it immediately comes back on. To resolve this situation, unplug the USB cable from the braille display before turning off the mobile manager. You may also consider just leaving on the mobile manager. That way, you do not have to disconnect the USB cable.

If you are using a Bluetooth display, there is no problem; just turn off the mobile manager then turn off the braille display if you wish.

Battery Care and Use

Cautions

Power

Your mobile manager uses a 3.5 volt lithium ion battery with a rating of 1750 mA hours. Given this power level and the typical usage patterns and the power consumption of the unit, you may expect to get about 6 to 8 hours of steady use from the device when the wireless radio is off and about 3 to 4 hours of usage with the radio on. Expect about four times this battery performance when using the batteries in either of the docking stations.

If you need more time on batteries, you may consider purchasing an additional battery and use it to supply another charge when the first battery's charge fades.

Charging the Battery

You may charge the battery from either a PC's USB port or from the AC power in your home or office. The unit continues to operate normally while the battery charges. The amount of time it takes, however, to charge the battery completely depends on what power using components are in use at the time of the charging and the source of the power. If you turn off the wireless radio and the disk drive is not in use, a complete charging takes much less time. With the AC charger and no hard disk or Wi-Fi activity, you may obtain a full charge within 4 or 5 hours.

Reading Battery Status

You determine the status of your battery and its charge level by reading its item in the Status menu. To open the Status menu, hold the Status key. When the menu appears, use Up Arrow or Down Arrow to move to the Battery menu item. The unit announces the percentage of charge remaining, and it announces, "charging" if the battery is being charged. There is some slight variability among charging circuits and components, so it is normal for the charge percentage to reach only numbers in the 90s. Some units may indicate 100%, but if it does not after several hours of charging, this may be normal.

Changing the Battery

Under normal operating conditions, you do not need to change the battery. Your daily procedure should include time either on the PC or close to an electrical outlet from which you charge the battery. If recharging is not possible, you may need to swap for a fresh battery.

To change batteries, it is important to follow this procedure to preserve the unit's time.

Do Not Remove Battery While Running

Removing the battery while the unit is running is strongly discouraged by the manufacturer. Such activity may cause data loss, data corruption, and loss of the clock settings.

Low Battery Indications

Once the battery level drops to a level that makes it no longer safe to operate the unit, the device sounds an alarm to alert you to the low battery condition. When you hear this alarm, it is time to recharge the battery, replace the battery with a fresh battery (optional), or turn off the device. If you continue to operate the unit in a low battery condition, it will turn itself off when the battery level becomes critically low.

Technical Details

Operating System

The unit runs on the Linux operating system with its own custom interface designed especially for the blind user. Linux is a powerful multi-user, multi-tasking operating system, and it is extremely stable, so you should see very few or no crashes on your unit.

There is the perception that Linux requires a vast amount of knowledge to operate. Nothing could be further from the truth. The Mac computer from Apple that is easy and intuitive runs on a flavor of Unix (the operating system Linux emulates). What makes the Mac friendly is the user interface built on that operating system. Like the Mac, your mobile manager employs a custom user interface designed to accomplish tasks in the environment most comfortable to its users. Instead of interacting with the user through a mouse and graphics display, the device interacts with you through the custom designed ergonomic keypad and either synthesized or audio sound. Features like contracted braille output, multiple voices, dedicated volume and record buttons, custom library and reading options all harness the power and stability of Linux as a foundation on which to build. It is true for the user who knows Linux that there is virtually no limit to what can be done with the device. At the same time, the average user who takes advantage of the rich suite of custom software enjoys an unparalleled user interface experience.

Trouble Shooting

While this device is sleek and stable, your mobile manager is a computer running software. The complex interaction of software and hardware could lead to undesirable behavior. This might be sluggish responsiveness, programs that hang, unexpected behavior, and more. In the case of such symptoms, it is important to use the problem reporting tool located in the Utilities menu so you make the manufacturer aware of the problem and to provide them with a snapshot of your system at the time of the problem.

Following is a list of possible solutions for situations that may occur.

The Unit Does Not Respond to Key Presses

The number one problem reported to support specialists is forgetting that the key lock switch is in the locked position. Slide the switch to the left to unlock it.

A Program Hangs

If a program does not respond, use Task Manager to stop the program. Do not use Task Manager to stop programs that can stop themselves, only use it for a program that hangs and does not respond to commands.

Reboot

If stopping a hung program does not return the unit to normal operation, you may wish to reboot the system. Rebooting clears all memory and stops any applications that may be hanging around. It restarts the whole system.

To reboot, hold down Star and Pound, and while they are down, press then release Program 1. The unit responds, "rebooting," and the system restarts. If pressing this key combination does not result in a system restart, it may be necessary to reset the device.

Reset

Resetting the device may help restore the unit to working condition. Reset is a hardware condition that cannot be affected by hung software. No matter what is running, pressing reset will restart the system.

When you press reset, you should notice the vibration that indicates a system restart. If the unit does not respond within a minute, continue to the next step.

Remove Battery

While reset always interrupts the current operation and attempts to restart the system, it is possible to put the system into a state that makes it impossible to restart.

If reset does not work, remove the battery and leave it out for 5 minutes. Then replace the battery.

The unit responds with its startup vibration and continues restarting.

If removing the battery does not correct the problem, continue to the next step.

Disk Problems

If a program continues to respond or behave erratically, even after a reset or a factory reset, you may wish to check the disk for errors.

To check the disk for errors:

Factory Reset/Reflash

There are times when none of the troubleshooting tips restore your unit to proper operation. You may have installed some software that prevents the system from operating normally or some software may get unexpected data that causes it to behave erratically.

In such cases, you can restore the system to its factory defaults. This means that any software you may have installed since you last updated the system software will be removed. If you have a recent backup of your data, you will be able to restore most system settings after the reflash, but it is recommended that you test the unit before restoring the data to help eliminate the possibility that a program is having trouble given those particular data.

To reflash the unit, follow these steps:

  1. Press and hold Reset for 5 seconds or use the reboot command.
  2. While reset is still down or immediately after the unit announces "Rebooting," hold down the Star key on Braille+ or the Pound key on the original Icon.
  3. While Star or Pound is still down, release the reset button if you used it to restart the unit.
  4. Keep holding down Star or Pound until the unit responds with a vibration, then a few seconds later, another vibration. The unit restores the factory defaults from a partition on the hard drive, and this takes several minutes, so be patient. At the end of the process, the unit restarts and gives its final vibration before the speech resumes about a minute later.

Test the system after the reflash to ensure it works properly.

If you had used the Backup utility (in the Utilities menu,) you may restore your personalized settings by running the Backup program after the reflash, then select the backup set you wish to restore.

Additional Resources

Web Site

In addition to the information in this documentation, APH hosts a user web site that contains resources, programs, and techniques for effective use of the device. That web site is at http://tech.aph.org/mm.

e-mail List

There are several e-mail lists devoted to the discussion and exchange of ideas about the Icon and Braille+. Many of the unit's developers and customer service representatives are members of these lists, so it is an effective means of communicating with others.

Discuss

The first list is one for general discussion about the device. You may subscribe to this list by sending a blank e-mail to icon-discuss-request@freelists.org and putting subscribe in the subject.

Technical

The second list focuses more on technical discussion. Programming, scripts, and console access are the kinds of topics you find on that list. To subscribe to the technical list, send a blank e-mail to Icon-tech-request@mulcahy.ws and put subscribe in the subject.

Announce

There is an announce only list that sends news without much traffic on the list. To subscribe, send an e-mail to icon-announce-request@freelists.org and put the word subscribe in the subject.

Beta

There is a list devoted to testing new versions of the software. If you are one who likes to stay on the cutting edge and you don't mind taking a risk now and then, this list may be for you.

To subscribe to the beta list, send an e-mail to pdabeta-request@tech.aph.org and put subscribe in the subject line.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Difference Between Icon and Braille+?

Braille+ is a version of the Icon that includes a braille keyboard on the case. It runs the same software, and uses the same hardware except for the difference in the braille keyboard. The case of both units is the same size, but the Braille+ is more squared on the edges. The addition of the braille keys on the edges of the main keypad means the entire rubber portion of the keypad has been shrunk on the Braille+.

Braille+ is sold and supported by American Printing House for the Blind.

How do you Print?

From the Word Processor, select Print Document from the File menu.

From File Browser, select a file and pick Print File from the menu.

Does it Support Audible.com?

Yes, see the Bookshelf for details.

Does it Play NLS Digital Talking Books?

Yes, see the Bookshelf section of the manual for details about how to sign up, download, import, and read Digital Talking Books.

Does it Play Books from RFB&D?

NYes, see RFBD for details.

Hardware Specifications

Hardware

Icon and Braille+ come standard with:

Open Source

The Icon and Braille+ software contain many open source components. To view a list of these components and their licenses, or to download the source code for these components, please see the oss.html file on the CD that came with your unit. Alternatively, please visit www.levelstar.net/oss.

FCC Statement

Co-located Radio Modules

This co-located radio configuration has demonstrated compliance to FCC regulations.

Caution * Use of this product meets the FCC requirements for radio frequency (RF) radiation exposure in the standard head and body configuration, with no minimum separation distance required. The maximum SAR value measured for head was 0.128 W/kg averaged over 1 gram. The maximum SAR value measured for body was 0.102 W/kg averaged over 1 gram.

WARNING: Exposure to Radio Frequency radiation. To conform to FCC RF exposure requirements this device shall be used in accordance with the operating conditions and instructions listed in this manual.

FCC Compliance Statement

NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits of a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by LevelStar, LLC could void the user's authority to operate this equipment.

LevelStar, LLC

Icon Mobile Manager Model Number: EI-30

Icon Braille Mobile Manager Model Number: IBP-30

Braille+ Mobile Manager Model Number: EIB-30

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

1. This device may not cause harmful interference, and

2. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Contact Information

In case of trouble operating your device, please contact the manufacturer.

Icon

For Icon, contact

LevelStar, LLC.
685 S. Arthur Ave., Suite 1A
Louisville , CO 80027
Phone: 800-315-2305
Fax: 303-926-1787
e-mail: info@levelstar.com
Web: www.levelstar.com

Braille+

For Braille+, contact

American Printing House for the Blind, Inc.
1839 Frankfort Ave.
PO Box 6085
Louisville, KY 40206
Phone: 800-223-1839
e-mail: cs@aph.org
Web: www.aph.org/tech

Notice: Accessibility of APH Websites