11.13 Greek Letters

Explanation

Although many foreign alphabets may be used in math, the Greek alphabet is one of the most common alphabets used. When a letter from a foreign alphabet is used, it must be preceded by its corresponding alphabetic indicator. For Greek letters, this is dots four six. If the letter is capitalized, the Greek letter indicator, dots four six, is followed by dot six. Greek letters should be treated as mathematical symbols.

Listed below are the most commonly used lowercase Greek letters

alpha α
⠨⠁

beta β
⠨⠃

gamma γ
⠨⠛

delta δ
⠨⠙

epsilon ε
⠨⠑

zeta ζ
⠨⠵

eta η
⠨⠱

theta θ
⠨⠹

iota ι
⠨⠊

kappa κ
⠨⠅

lambda λ
⠨⠇

mu μ
⠨⠍

nu ν
⠨⠝

xi ξ
⠨⠭

omicron ο
⠨⠕

pi π
⠨⠏

rho ρ
⠨⠗

sigma σ
⠨⠎

tau τ
⠨⠞

upsilon υ
⠨⠥

phi φ
⠨⠋

chi χ
⠨⠯

psi ψ
⠨⠽

omega ω
⠨⠺

Listed below are the most commonly used uppercase Greek letters

Gamma Γ
⠨⠠⠛

Delta Δ
⠨⠠⠙

Theta Θ
⠨⠠⠹

Lambda Λ
⠨⠠⠇

Xi Ξ
⠨⠠⠭

Pi Π
⠨⠠⠏

Sigma Σ
⠨⠠⠎

Upsilon Υ
⠨⠠⠥

Phi Φ
⠨⠠⠋

Psi Ψ
⠨⠠⠽

Omega Ω
⠨⠠⠺

Example 1

From alpha to gamma.
⠠⠋⠗⠕⠍⠀⠨⠁⠀⠞⠕⠀⠨⠛⠸⠲

Example 2

Sine theta equals 40 degrees
⠎⠊⠝⠀⠨⠹⠀⠨⠅⠀⠼⠲⠴⠘⠨⠡

Example 3

The formula for the area of a circle; A equals pi times r squared
⠠⠁⠀⠨⠅⠀⠨⠏⠗⠘⠆

Example 4

a fraction with numerator Delta x and denominator Delta y
⠹⠨⠠⠙⠭⠌⠨⠠⠙⠽⠼

Example 5

mu sub x bar
⠨⠍⠰⠭⠱

Example 6

kappa plus iota
⠨⠅⠬⠨⠊

Example 7

sine squared beta
⠎⠊⠝⠘⠆⠀⠨⠃

Example 8

open parenthesis kappa plus iota close parenthesis
⠷⠨⠅⠬⠨⠊⠾

Example 9

sigma squared
⠨⠎⠘⠆

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