11.3 Vectors


Vectors are often displayed as letters with arrows above them similar to rays. However, vectors may also be shown as boldfaced lower case letters and appear without an arrow. A double-barbed arrow or a single-barbed arrow may be displayed above the letters. The most common usage is a single-barbed arrow with the barb to the right and on top of the shaft. This might also be referred to as a half-barb. In general, a full-barbed arrow indicates a ray and a single-barbed arrow indicates a vector.

Sometimes a text may consistently display arrows above vectors that are also displayed in bold print. If arrows are consistently used above vectors that are also shown in boldface type throughout a text, the arrows must be omitted in braille unless the author specifically refers to the vectors with the arrows, as part of a notational explanation. The boldface font is enough of an indication that the symbol shown is a vector in both print and in braille. Therefore, a the vector displayed as a bold v with an arrow over it would normally be displayed simply as >.

Example 1

(this requires implementation of the five step rule)

the vector n displayed with a half-barbed arrow

Example 2

the sign of operation follows the termination indicator of the first vector

the sum of two vectors n and u

Example 3

with signs of grouping - vectors are considered single units

the vector m equals two thirds open paren vector v minus vector u close paren

Example 4

when used in the context of a sentence

Find the magnitude of the vector a.

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