11.4 Circles and Arcs

This lesson contains only examples and exercises related to circles and arcs.

An arc is a portion of a curve or circle. There are two basic braille symbols for arcs:

concave upward arc, dots one two four six, one
concave downward arc, dots one two four six, three

In print, the symbol for an arc appears over or on top of the letters that define the specified arc. Thus, you must follow the rules for a symbol that appears above the letters.

Step 1: The portion of the expression being modified must begin with the multipurpose indicator, dot five.
Step 2: The expression that is to be changed is brailled next.
Step 3: The directly over symbol, dots one two six, follows the expression.
Step 4: The symbol which appears directly over or directly under the expression is brailled.
Step 5: The termination indicator, dots one two four five six, indicates the position where the modification ends.

Example 1

the arc AB is a minor arc
⠸⠩⠀⠐⠠⠁⠠⠃⠣⠫⠁⠻⠀⠸⠱⠀⠊⠎⠀⠁⠀⠍⠊⠝⠕⠗⠀⠁⠗⠉⠲

Example 2

the arc DEF is a major arc
⠸⠩⠀⠐⠠⠙⠠⠑⠠⠋⠣⠫⠁⠻⠀⠸⠱⠀⠊⠎⠀⠁⠀⠍⠁⠚⠕⠗⠀⠁⠗⠉⠲

Example 3

the measure of arc AB is twenty degrees
⠍⠐⠠⠁⠠⠃⠣⠫⠁⠻⠀⠊⠎⠀⠼⠆⠴⠘⠨⠡

Example 4

the measure of arc AB plus the measure of arc CD
⠍⠐⠠⠁⠠⠃⠣⠫⠁⠻⠬⠍⠐⠠⠉⠠⠙⠣⠫⠁⠻

Example 5

circle M
⠫⠉⠀⠠⠍

Example 6

circle M is congruent to circle P
⠫⠉⠀⠠⠍⠀⠈⠱⠨⠅⠀⠫⠉⠀⠠⠏

Example 7

arc AB is congruent to arc CD
⠐⠠⠁⠠⠃⠣⠫⠁⠻⠀⠈⠱⠨⠅⠀⠐⠠⠉⠠⠙⠣⠫⠁⠻

Example 8

the fraction with numerator the measure of arc AB and denominator three hundred sixty
⠹⠍⠐⠠⠁⠠⠃⠣⠫⠁⠻⠌⠒⠖⠴⠼

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