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INTRODUCTION

Special Environments

Introduction

This review guide is a supplement to the Step-By-Step series on orientation & mobility. Designed for use both by students who are preparing to become O&M specialists and by other vision professionals alike, this review guide provides the user with a quick, sequential, and pictorial review of the mobility skills taught in the study guide module, Special Environments. Whether used to prepare for a test, or to provide a quick refresher when preparing to teach a new or forgotten skill, it is hoped that this review guide will be of value to the user.

This review guide is provided in a durable, hard-copy format to enable individuals to use it out on the street or when working with students. This guide is also provided in electronic format. For more detailed information about the mobility skills, please see the Step-By-Step Study Guide or the Step-By-Step videos on flash drive.

ESCALATORS AND REVOLVING DOORS

Escalators With a Guide

Ascending

The guide and traveler approach the escalator perpendicularly, stopping at the edge of the metal plate where it meets the moving steps.

The guide brings the traveler up beside him.

The traveler reaches for the handrail, allowing it to slide through her grasp.

The guide and traveler board the escalator, with the traveler holding firmly onto the handrail; the traveler stands one step behind the guide.

- To feel when the steps level off, the traveler can place one foot up on the forward step and/or reach her hand forward on the handrail.

When the traveler feels the steps level off, she raises the toes of her leading foot.

The guide and traveler exit the escalator.

Descending

The guide and traveler approach the escalator perpendicularly, stopping at the edge of the metal plate where it meets the moving steps.

The guide brings the traveler up beside him.

The traveler reaches for the handrail, allowing it to slide through her grasp.

The guide and traveler board the escalator, with the traveler holding firmly onto the handrail; the traveler stands one step behind the guide.

- To feel when the steps level off, the traveler can place one foot slightly over the edge of the step with her toes pointed down.

When the traveler feels the steps level off, she raises the toes of her forward foot.

The guide and traveler exit the escalator.

Escalators With a Cane and Guide

Ascending

The guide and traveler approach the escalator perpendicularly.

The guide stops at the edge of the metal plate where it meets the moving steps.

The guide brings the traveler up beside him.

The traveler anchors her cane against the edge of the metal plate that is adjacent to the moving steps.

The guide and traveler board the escalator; the traveler stands one step behind the guide.

The traveler holds her cane in the STAIRWAYS WITH A CANE AND GUIDE (Ascending) position with the cane tip resting on the tread of the forward step.

- To further feel when the steps level off, the traveler can also place one foot up on the forward step.

The traveler raises the toes of her leading foot when she feels the steps level off.

The guide and traveler exit the escalator.

Descending

The guide and traveler approach the escalator perpendicularly.

The guide stops at the edge of the metal plate where it meets the moving steps.

The guide brings the traveler up beside him.

The traveler anchors her cane against the edge of the metal plate that is adjacent to the moving steps.

The guide and traveler board the escalator; the traveler stands one step behind the guide.

The traveler holds her cane in the STAIRS WITH A CANE (Descending) position with her cane tip resting on the tread, or her cane shaft resting on the nosing, 1-2 steps ahead.

- To further feel when the steps level off, the traveler can also place the toes of one foot over the edge of the step, with her toes pointed down.

The traveler raises the toes of her leading foot when she feels the steps level off.

The guide and traveler exit the escalator.

Escalators With a Cane

Ascending

The traveler locates the metal plate in front of the escalator.

The traveler moves to the right side of the plate to find the moving handrail.

The traveler locates the edge of the plate where it meets the moving steps and anchors her cane against it.

The traveler walks up to the cane and positions her feet perpendicular to the edge of the metal plate.

The traveler extends her cane forward and rests the tip on the moving stairs to verify that she has arrived at an ascending escalator.

The traveler places the cane in her left hand; she reaches for the handrail on her right side, letting it slide through her grasp.

Grasping the handrail firmly, the traveler steps onto the escalator.

The traveler holds her cane in the STAIRS WITH A CANE (Ascending) position with the cane tip resting on the tread of the stair located 1-2 steps ahead of her.

- To further feel when the steps level off, the traveler can also place one foot up on the forward step and/or reach her hand further forward on the handrail.

When the traveler feels the steps level off, she raises the toes of her forward foot.

When the traveler’s cane tip contacts the metal plate, she clears with her cane and steps off the escalator.

Descending

The traveler locates the metal plate in front of the escalator.

The traveler moves to the right side of the plate to find the moving handrail.

The traveler locates the edge of the plate where it meets the moving steps and anchors her cane against it.

The traveler walks up to the cane and positions her feet perpendicular to the edge of the metal plate.

The traveler extends her cane forward and rests it on the moving stairs to verify that she has arrived at a descending escalator.

The traveler places the cane in her left hand; she reaches for the handrail on her right side, letting it slide through her grasp.

Grasping the handrail firmly, the traveler steps onto the escalator.

The traveler holds her cane in the STAIRS WITH A CANE (Descending) position with her cane tip resting on the tread 1-2 steps ahead.

- To further feel when the steps level off, the traveler can also place the toes of one foot over the edge of the step, with her toes pointed down.

When the traveler feels the steps level off, she raises the toes of her forward foot.

When the traveler’s cane tip contacts the metal plate, she clears with her cane and steps off the escalator.

Revolving Doors

Standard

The traveler approaches the revolving door from along the wall on the right side using the SHORTENED CANE (diagonal) technique. The traveler holds the cane in his right hand using the UPPER HAND & FOREARM technique, with his left wrist bent backward slightly.

Upon contacting the revolving door with his left hand, the traveler uses the passing of the rubber edges to time his entrance into the compartment.

The traveler holds his cane either vertically or semivertically and enters the compartment quickly.

He locates the push bar and pushes the door forward (unless the revolving door is one that rotates automatically).

At the opening, the traveler clears and exits the compartment quickly, taking 2-3 steps away from the door.

SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENTS

Areas Without Sidewalks

Following a Shoreline

Walking on the road edge, the traveler follows the shoreline using the TOUCH & DRAG, THREE-POINT, or TOUCH TRAILING technique, depending upon the nature of the shoreline.

The traveler moves around parked vehicles using the VEHICLES IN THE TRAVEL PATH technique.

Crossing a Break in the Shoreline

The traveler uses the TRAVERSING OPEN SPACES technique to cross a break in the shoreline.

Crossing a Street

Walking on the road edge, the traveler follows the shoreline using the TOUCH & DRAG, THREE-POINT, or TOUCH TRAILING technique, depending upon the nature of the shoreline.

The traveler walks around the corner until he reaches the straight portion of the perpendicular street.

Note: This is an oddly angled intersection. If you look closely, you will see that the traveler has actually turned the corner and found a section where the curve flattens temporarily.

The traveler “squares off” with the shoreline.

He crosses the street when it is safe to do so.

Upon reaching the opposite shoreline, the traveler turns toward the parallel street and follows the shoreline around the corner.

Gas Stations

Passing Station by Monitoring Traffic

The traveler maintains a straight line of travel past the gas station by keeping a parallel alignment to traffic on the parallel street.

Passing Station by Following the Expansion Joint

The traveler maintains a straight line of travel past the gas station by following the seam that separates the concrete surface of the sidewalk from the asphalt surface of the gas station.

Passing Station by Following the Curb

The traveler maintains a straight line of travel past the gas station by following the curb of the parallel street.

Recovery from Veer

Upon identifying the veer, the traveler turns toward the parallel street.


- If the traveler has contacted the gas pump or its island, she may square off to it.

The traveler walks directly toward the parallel street.


- Some travelers may find that locating the curb before realigning helps to verify that they are on the sidewalk.

Upon locating the sidewalk, the traveler realigns and resumes her original line of travel.

1839 Frankfort Avenue 
P.O. Box 6085 
Louisville, Kentucky 40206-0085 
Phone: 502-895-2405 
Toll Free: 800-223-1839 
Fax: 502-899-2274 
Email: info@aph.org 
Website: www.aph.org

Step-By-Step 
Review Guide 
Special Environments
 
Catalog Number 
8-75980-00

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